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Women in the Late 19th Century
Transcript of Women in the Late 19th Century
Pushed forward fashions and trends
Used spare time for organized reform movements and politics
Expected to become laborers for low wages while caring for their children The Effect of Race What happened Women? to By Stephanie Hoang and Valerie Nguyen The Changing Lifestyle of Women "We would point for them the moral of our experiences: that woman must lead the way to her own enfranchisement, and work out her own salvation with a hopeful courage and determination that knows no fear nor trembling."
-Elizabeth Cady Stanton In the Home Housework was changing due to Industrialization
Tasks remained unchanged, just mechanized
Woman became consumers. Effects of the post-war Era on the lives of average women " A really good housekeeper is almost always unhappy. While she does so much for the comfort of others, she nearly ruins her own health and life. It is because she cannot be easy and comfortable when there is the least disorder or dirt to be seen." -The Household, January 1884 Beginning in 1870, more women graduated high school than men
The "Hull-House", founded by Jan Addams and Ellen Gates Starr in 1890, is the first "settlement house"
Women's Christian Temperance Union founded in 1874
Founded by Frances E. Willard Women and Jobs From patriotism to politics
Utah becomes the first state to allow women to vote in 1864
Offices, factories, retail jobs, nursing, and teaching opportunities
In 1881, Clara Barton received funding from John D. Rockefeller to create the Red Cross
1874 Massachusetts law requiring a 10 hour work day for women.
1 million women in the workforce by 1890. Strati of Women How race, fiscal status, and other social classifications affected women Social Darwinism caused discrimination nationwide.
Race defined the opportunities given to women:
Immigrant women cooked and cleaned, as well as worked in factories.
African American women performed the same tasks they had done as slaves.
Native American women had little involvement in the United States' environment. Suffrage Victoria Woodhull Feminism in the 19th century Women and Economics
Charlotte Perkins Gilman
National American Women Suffrage Assiciation (NAWSA)
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Susan B. Anthony
Carrie Chapman Catt Leaders in Feminism Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Susan B. Anthony
Ida B. Wells
Virginia Woodhull Script: Elementary education for girls was easily accepted because the belief was that mothers must educate their children. Even post Civil War with the expansion of schools many were co-ed, although colleges did not give women the same treatment as men because they claimed that women could not handle the rigorous curriculum. In 1837, Oberlin College in Ohio was the first to admit women. The idea of educating women in order to be better wives was counteractive because the more women learn the more they question society and think for themselves which led to one fourth of women who attended college never to be married. Although some women got married much later in life with few children. After college some women used their knowledge for political movements such as temperance and suffrage, others joined literary clubs to maintain their educational skills. What is Feminism? Although the term “feminism” in English is rooted in the mobilization for woman suffrage in Europe and the US during the late 19th and early 20th century, of course efforts to obtain justice for women did not begin or end with this period of activism...However, some feminist scholars object to identifying feminism with these particular moments of political activism, on the grounds that doing so eclipses the fact that there has been resistance to male domination that should be considered “feminist” throughout history and across cultures...
-Sally Haslanger 1838-1927 Elizabeth Cady Stanton 1815-1902 Susan B. Anthony 1820-1906 Lucy Stone "Make the world better." 1818-1893 Ida B. Wells 1862-1931 Works Cited: Aboukhadijeh, Feross. "Life in the City" StudyNotes.org. StudyNotes, Inc., 17 Nov. 2012. Web. 13 Jan. 2013. <http://www.apstudynotes.org/us-history/topics/life-in-the-city/>.
Academic American History. N.p., 19 June 2010. Web. 13 Jan. 2013. <http://www.academicamerican.com/recongildedage/topics/gildedage1.html>. Basic Info about Gilded Age.
Barber, E. Susan, ed. "One Hundred Years toward Suffrage: An Overview." National American Women Suffrage Association Collection. Ed. NAWSAC. NAWSAC, n.d. Web. 13 Jan. 2013. <http://lcweb2.loc.gov/ammem/naw/nawstime.html>. Timeline of the suffrage movement and feminism.
Bender, Pennee, Joshua Brown, and Roy Rosenzweig. "Gibson girls." History Matters: The U.S. Survey Course on the Web. Ed. Ellen Noonam and Kelly Schrum. George Mason University, 2012. Web. 17 Jan. 2013. <http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/6783/>. Article about Gibson Girl time period.
Brislen, Jessica, and Kathleen Steele. "Women in 19th Century America." Women in 19th Century America. Tripod, n.d. Web. 13 Jan. 2013. <http://womeninushistory.tripod.com/>. How women's lives differed based on race and status.
Butler, Chris. "The Rising Status of Women in the Late 1800's." The Flow of History. Ed. Chris Butler. N.p., 2007. Web. 13 Jan. 2013. <http://www.flowofhistory.com/readings-flowcharts/the-early-modern-era/the-industrial-revolution/fc114>.
Carol Lasser. "Stone, Lucy"; <http://www.anb.org/articles/15/15-00663.html;> American National Biography Online Feb. 2000. Access Date: Thurs Jan 17 2013
DuBois, Ellen. "Feminism Old Wave and New Wave." The CLWU Herstory Website Archive. Ed. CWLU. Chicago Women's Liberation Union, 1971. Web. 13 Jan. 2013. <http://www.uic.edu/orgs/cwluherstory/CWLUArchive/wave.html>. Quote from Elizabeth Cady Stanton along with an overview of "old wave" and "new wave" feminism.
Haslanger, Sally, Tuana, Nancy and O'Connor, Peg, "Topics in Feminism", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2012 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = <http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2012/entries/feminism-topics/>
Mintz, Steven. "Housework in Late 19th Century America." Digital History. Ed. Digital History. Digital History, 13 Jan. 2012. Web. 13 Jan. 2013. <http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/historyonline/housework.cfm>. The how housework changed for the average woman as technology progressed.
National Women's Hall of Fame. "Elizabeth Cady Stanton." National Women's Hall of Fame. Ed. National Women's Hall of Fame. National Women's Hall of Fame, 211. Web. 17 Jan. 2013. <http://www.greatwomen.org/women-of-the-hall/search-the-hall/details/2/148-stanton>.
Sutton, Bettye, et al. "19th Century: 1870-1879." American Cultural History. Lone Star College- Kingwood Library, 2003. Web. 1 Mar. 2011.
Sutton, Bettye, et al. "19th Century: 1880-1889." American Cultural History. Lone Star College-Kingwood Library, 2003. Web. 1 Mar. 2011.
Sutton, Bettye, et al. "19th Century: 1890-1899." American Cultural History. Lone Star College-Kingwood Library, 2003. Web. 1 Mar. 2011.
University of Nebraska-Lincoln. "Women's Cultures." Gilded Age Plains City. Ed. University of Nebraska-Lincoln. University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 2008. Web. 13 Jan. 2013. <http://gildedage.unl.edu/narrative/topics.php?q=women>.
Ushistory.org. "Women in the Gilded Age." U.S. History. ushistory.org, 2012. Web. 13 Jan. 2013. <http://www.ushistory.org/us/39c.asp>. Brief summary of what women did and their role in the Gilded Age. National Association of Colored Women
Ida B. Wells