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History

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Nicole Velázquez

on 14 September 2015

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Transcript of History

History
Napoleonic Empire
From 1799 to 1815. The Napoleonic Empire was a series of wars fought between France, Great Britain, Prussia, Russia and Austria either alone or in alliances.

Napoleon was crowned on December 2 of 1804 after he had being Consul and First Consul from 1799 to 1804
The Enlightenment
A movement of the 18th century that stressed the belief that science and logic give people more knowledge and understanding than tradition and religion. Dramatic revolutions swept away the medieval world-view and ushered in our modern western world.
4 Philosophers on their concept of Republic

Montesquieu
.Republican. Small size, small population; moderate but not superb nor very extreme climate; not very fertile soil, country generally poor. Monarchical.Bigger than republic, but moderate size; bigger population than republic; climate favorable; fertile soil; richer than a republic.Despotic: Huge size; sparse population.

Jean Jacques Rousseau
He believed that there were fundamental common interests in society, and every individual should submit themselves to this common interest, which is called the “general will” of the people. For those who do not voluntarily submit to this general will, they will be forced to do so. 


The American Revolution
A war between America and Britain (1775-1783) in which America became an independent nation.
The American Revolution was the first modern revolution. It marked the first time in history that people fought for their Independence in the name of certain universal principles.
French Revolution
Period 1789–1799
Movement in which the french people brought down their King and made France a republic- a country ruled by the people.


Mission 1: Connecting the dots
Nicole Velázquez, Daniela Cárdenas
Main Characters and Characteristics
Louis XVI :Louis was king of France when the monarchy was overthrown during the French Revolution.
Napoleon Bonaparte: A general in the French army and leader of the 1799 coup that overthrew the Directory.

The french people overthrew their ancient government in 1789.
For equality they were willing to sacrifice their political liberty.

Positive and Negative Characteristics
Complete re-write of the legal code (Code Napoleon), created the Banque de France to restore financial stability, reformed the education system, instituted an extensive program of public works (building roads, bridges and canals, dredging harbors; and beautifying cities, especially Paris) .

One of the biggest mistakes the Napoleon did was invading Russia. It cost him his reputation with his enemies and from there his empire practically came down.
Scientific Revolution
Main characters and characteristics
Some of the main characters in this movement were Samuel Adams and John Adams

It refers to historical changes in thought & belief, to
changes in social & institutional organization, that unfolded in Europe in the sixteenth century (1543).


Main Actors
Nicolas Copernicus
Galileo Galilei
Isaac Newton
5 Contributions
Copernicus Heliocentric (sun centered) universe
Galileo Telescopes
Newton Laws of Motion (Gravity)
Kepler Laws of planetary Motion
Passage of the Stamp Act 1765
Boston Tea Party
Convocation of the First Continental Congress
Adoption of the Declaration of Independence
Signature of the Treaty of Paris

Voltaire.
He entwined his egalitarian political and philosophical messages with popular satire and wit (Candide, or Optimism), which underscored crucial sociopolitical ironies that would potentially be lost on the masses if presented instead in the form of esoteric musings.


John Locke.
Locke was a leading philosopher and political theorist, who had a profound impact on liberal political thought. He is credited with ideas, such as the social contract.The idea government needs to be with the consent of the governed.
The French revolution and Napoleonic Empire Connections
The french revolution began Napoleon Bonaparte's rise to power. He joined the military at a young age and soon became a general during the french revolution. In 1804 he became emperor of France and conquered most of Europe, beginning the Napoleonic Empire
The Enlightenment and the American Revolution Connections
The Enlightenment influenced the American Revolution, with Enlightenment ideals including liberty, equality and justice leading the creation of conditions for the American Revolution and the Constitution that followed.
The Enlightenment and The French Revolution Connections
The most important connection between the Enlightenment and the French Revolution was the spirit of challenging the old regimes.
The American and The French Revolutions Connections
The american's victory made the french believe it was possible to overthrow King Louie XIV absolute's monarchy.
Both revolutions where influenced by enlightenment ideals.
The Scientific Revolution and The Enlightenment Connections
The Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment were both times of discovery. During these time periods, important discoveries in the arts, architecture, and science were made, and the groundwork for future discoveries was laid. While the scientific revolution encouraged human advancement, the enlightenment inspired individualism in the European public. New styles of art emerged and changed the way that artists painted for years to come.
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