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India and its Culture: Background on "The Namesake"
Transcript of India and its Culture: Background on "The Namesake"
India and its Culture
Where in the world??
India has 29 states and 7 territories.
Climate and Weather
Temperatures in India
are largely dependent upon
how far South one is, and
how close to the coast one is:
both of which mean hotter
Most Hindus believe in a Supreme God, whose qualities and forms are represented by the multitude of deities which emanate from him.
Hindus believe that existence is a cycle of birth, death, and rebirth, governed by Karma.
Hindus believe that the soul passes through a cycle of successive lives and its next incarnation is always dependent on how the previous life was lived.
The main Hindu texts are the Vedas and their supplements (books based on the Vedas). Veda is a Sanskrit word meaning 'knowledge'. These scriptures do not mention the word 'Hindu' but many scriptures discuss dharma, which can be rendered as 'code of conduct', 'law', or 'duty'
Hindus celebrate many holy days, but the Festival of Lights, Diwali is the best known.
Winter: 50-59 deg. F
Summer: 90-100 deg. F
Regardless of season,
India tends to be VERY humid, especially during its rainy season (June through September).
There is a significant difference in the school systems
in the cities versus the school systems within the villages.
Culture and Traditions
The people of India are well-known for their:
adornment (nose piercings, henna tatoos, etc.)
food (usually rice, vegetables, and curry/spices)
music (beautiful songs and dancing)
"Karma "is a Sanskrit word whose literal meaning is 'action'. It refers to the law that every action has an equal reaction either immediately or at some point in the future. Good or virtuous actions, actions in harmony with dharma, will have good reactions or responses and bad actions, actions against dharma, will have the opposite effect.
In Hinduism karma operates not only in this lifetime but across lifetimes: the results of an action might only be experienced after the present life in a new life.
In India, citizens pay NO taxes!
While this may sound appealing, consider this:
taxes that we pay every day are what pay for our free education system...books, school buildings, teachers' salaries, etc. If there is no tax money to pay for these things, where does the money come from?
THE RICH STAY RICH, THE POOR STAY POOR
If tax money can't pay for educational expenses, then the citizens must.
In India, your parents must pay money to send you to school. They must pay a tuition fee, money for books, and also they must buy uniforms.
Those parents who HAVE money will of course send their children to better schools. These are in the cities, where roads and transportation is better, and everything more modern.
Those parents who DO NOT have much money send their children to schools in the villages.
So what's the difference??
City School vs. Village School
*usually no books
and no electric