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Suburbs, Tenements, Slums, Ghetto

US history 2a

cam szary

on 27 September 2012

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Transcript of Suburbs, Tenements, Slums, Ghetto

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli Suburbs, Tenements, Slums, Ghetto Slums are defined as being overcrowded urban districts inhabited by extremely poor people. In 1860, 20% of American’s lived in slums, but by 1900, nearly 40% of American’s were occupying these urbanized areas. What Is A Slum? Slums were formed due to a great increase in population after a wave of immigration occurred. Slums were formed due to a great increase in population after a wave of immigration occurred. Although the growth of industrialization made farming more efficient, it became difficult for farmers to make a living. Less labor meant more supply, which decreased farm prices. After growing tired of this win-lose farming situation, many people left their farms in order to seek employment in urbanized areas such as slums. Unsteady employment lead to an increase in crime within these urban areas. As a result of these social tensions, major restrictions were put on immigration during the 1920s. During this time, the rising middle class sought to escape the inner-city life; thus creating the development of suburbs. developed in cities in the mid 1800’s, and were usually occupied by families with low economic statuses. These tenements were often occupied by multiple families at once in order to maximize the buildings’ area. Tenements As american population was increasing at an incredible rate by the end of the century, the cities around the nation were forced to be frugal with their available housing areas. Many of the occupants worked in factories, and this maximization of spaced enabled them to save money, which was appealing to many. However, these tenements rarely had proper lighting, and generally lacked plumbing altogether. The living conditions were remarkably low, but very few families could afford any other housing options. The most well known tenements are in the Lower East Side of New York City, and housed an astounding 2.3 million people by the year 1900, which accounted for over two thirds of the city’s population. In the year 1800, it is estimated that only about 3% of people worldwide lived in cities, and at this time, America did not stray too far in its own census of this topic. This number would rise to about 30% by 1900, and the cities were forced to accommodate this exponential growth in population. The cities answered with these tenements, and the massive rise in city population is associated with the creation of these new housing plans. Suburbs An outlying part of a city or town; a smaller place immediately adjacent to a city; in the plural, the region which is on the confines of any city or large town After World War II, there was a large grown of the population. This called for many more houses needed for those to live in and many other needs ot the people. Most people resorted to homes outside the cities like suburbs because there it was cheaper. These places were called "bedroom communities". Every community in the suburbs were like it's own little town. They all had schools, churches and parks. Suburbs usually created the illusion of a perfect traditional family. They also became the new glamorous countryside. Over the next couple of years suburbs became very popular and helped the government to give GI bills to the veterans of World War II and the Korean War. Suburbs were made possible in the 19th century by railroads, horsecars, cable cars, and electric streetcars. Some suburbanites left the city to get away from poor immigrants and migrants. Others believed that a quiet, less-congested area was better for health and family. In 19th-century cities, people of different races and incomes lived in close proximity. With the rise of suburbs, communities became more sharply divided by race, wealth, and ethnicity. Ghettos The term “ghetto" has been historically used to describe legally sanctioned segregated areas that had the ethnic minorities. Ghettos in the US are definded as poor inner city areas, mostly african americans were assosciated with ghettos, however hispanics and whites also live in them. The later updated definition is used for comparative purposed in the urabn sociologiccal research. Although residents of the ghetto tend to be ethnic it is imporatnt to notice that neighborhoods where a large rumber of ehtnic minorities are present should not be called ghettos. The U.S ghettos developed from the result of dramatic post-industrial economic political and social changes. The U.S ghettos developed from the result of dramatic post-industrial economic political and social changes.
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