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Persia chart describing the 6 ancient civilizations

harley hayes

on 7 September 2010

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Transcript of PERSIA Chart

Anceint Civilizations China Egypt Sumer Mohenjo-Daro Olmec Phoenicians China Chinese Religion The Chinese religion was base on the beleifs of multiple gods, most representing weather or natural forces. The highest almighty god of the Chinese was Shung-Ti. Sumer Sumer Religion The Sumerian religion
was based on different beleifs throughout the region. Each city had its own patrons, temples and preist kings.
They were also the first to write down their beliefs. Phoenicieans Phoeniciean Religion
Their religion was based on worshipping their god, and they believed in [paganism]. Sacrifice was a major part of their religion. Sacrificing grain and animals for the higher powers. Paganism- broadly defined as any religious act that is not christian. Egypt Egyptian Religion The Egyptians believed in many gods, at least 2,000 different gods.
Amon-Ra was the sun god, and lord of the universe.
Their religion stressed an afterlife, so much time and money was spent on preperation. Olmec Olmec Religion Their religion strongly featured animals and animal symbolism.
Most believed each individual has a animal spirit they will become after death. Mohenjo-Daro Mohenjo-Daro Religion Their religion was based mainly on the beliefs of [Buddhism]. Buddhism- A religion based on beliefs form the teachings Buddha. He taught to escape what is seen as a cycle of suffering and death. Phoenician Art Known for their artistic work in:
-Dyeing Purple Wool The Phoenicians cared more about how the art looked rather than the style of belief or practice of the piece. Rare Art: Rare Phoenician Art includes anything that is made out of carved wood or fabric. They were best known for their glass. They would make them into purfume bottles and sold them to the Egyptians and the Assyrians. Chinese Art Were interested in creating art that dealt with:
(Nature) China has the following categories of visual arts to express itself: -Calligraphy
-Bronze casting

Chinese Intellectual Some Chinese inventions were:
Gun powder
Fire lance
Land mine
Aerodynamic wings Egypt Intellectual Some Egyptian inventions were:
Organized labor
1st 365 day calendar
A lot of religious views
Discovered medicine
Phoenician Intellectual Some Phoenician inventions were:
Purple Dye
Using the star for navigation
Stacked warships
and arguably the alphabet Sumer Intellectual Some Sumer inventions were:
The wheel
Intensive year-round agriculture
The development of writing
First system of Monarchy
The calendar Olmec Intellectual Some Olmec inventions were:
Human Sacrifices
Invented a language based on hiroglyphic, created a complex drainage system.
The MesoAmerican ballgame
The number zero
And the MesoAmerican calendar

Mohenjo-Daro Intellectual Some Mohenjo-Daro inventions were:
Cotton Gin
The clock
The Hooka is traced to Mohenjo-Daro. Chinese Politics
Est. earlier than 221 b.c,
Mongols ruled early China
5 emporers ruled ancient time,
Xia dynasty
Shang dynasty
Zhou dynasty
Western Zhou
Eastern Zhou
Sumer Politics
Developed the first system of Monarchy
Anciet times they were ruled by kings

Phoenicians Politics
Kingship Government
1000 bc: Ahiram
969-936 bc Hiram 1
820 bc-774 bc Pygmalion of Tyre Egyptian Art -Art style is known as Armana art. Was adopted n the Armana Period and is noticeably different from more convntional Egyptian Art styles.
-Most of the art in Egypt is used to make after life more pleasant, like paintings. Sculptures were to represent the Ancient Gods, Pharaohs, Kings and Queens. Olmec Art Made from materials such as:
-Greenstone Olmec artists were experts at mking animal potrayals as well as human and human like obejcts Olmec art also included Colossal Heads in their culture. They were divided into 4 classes.
They used art to glorify kings and rulers by making them into supernatural beings. Mohenjo-Daro Art The earliest recorded artistic expression of man in India comes from Mohenjo-Daro, the Harappan period. It includes steatite seals impressed with diverse animals.
-Unicorn Bulls
-The Brahmani Bull
-Rhinoceros Mohenjo- Daro Politics Chinese Society China had six social classes
which were;
1. Emperors and militery leaders
2. Nobles, they provied and fought
for the army
3. Craftspeople, who created weapons
4. Traders, like crafts people, were
above farmers, but below Nobles
5. Farmers were the largest class, they
worked small plots owned by Emperors
or Nobles
6. Slaves, who worked for the wealthy Sumer Society There were 3 social classes
in Sumer society, the first
were the kings and priests,
the second being landowners,
government officials, and
merchants. Farmers and artisans
were in "between" classes, and
slaves were at the bottom Phoenicians Society The Phoenicians had 4 classes
the highest being of merchants
and traders, second being craftsman
dealers, etc. The third were farmers,
and at the bottom were slaves
Egypt Society Ancient Egypt was ruled by
a rich upper class. The only
possible way a peasant that
was born into a low class
was able to move up was to
have skill in literacy and/or by
military career which was rare Olmec Society The Olmecs were divided
into 2 social classes, the
highest class were the called
"Elites", and the bottom were
the "common people". Mohenjo-Daro Society Mohenjo-Daro litteraly means
"Mound of the Dead". At its
height it had around 35,000
resident. There were 3 distinct
groups, one ruled and administered
the city, another controlled business
activities in the city, and another was
filled with laborers. Sumer Art Their art texture consists of smoothness.
Art & architecture was ornate and complex. Clay was the most supplied materal.
-Stone, wood, and metal had to be imported. Art was used for religious purposes.
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