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Global Issues 2A: Globalization and Internationalization of Higher Education

Module 2 Group Presentation: Caldwell, Karr, Parra, Wayt
by

Camila Parra

on 19 September 2014

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Transcript of Global Issues 2A: Globalization and Internationalization of Higher Education

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Globalization and Internationalization of
Higher Education

Module 2

Paula Caldwell
Todd Karr
Cami Parra
Lindsay Wayt

Politics
Powerful countries imposing political/academic systems on less powerful countries
Real-time decisions
Positioning the institution internationally
Cross border relationships favoring the north/English speaking
Economics
Pressure to increase revenue while government funding decreases
Economic gaps
Entrepreneurial spirit
Technology leads to greater collaboration
Homogenization
Time as a commodity
Cross border relationships favoring the north/English speaking
Developed v. Developing Countries: What do Globalization and Internationalization of Higher Education Look Like in these Types of Nations?
Defining Important Terms to Frame Our Discussions
Internationalization v. Globalization
Glocalization
Neoliberalism
Globalization: "the broad economic, technological, and scientific trends that directly affect higher education and are largely inevitable" (Altbach, 2004, p. 5)
changes affect production, consumption, and global investment (Stromquist, 2002)
goal of globalization: to erase national boundaries for economic purposes
Internationalization: "specific policies and programmes undertaken by governments, academic systems and institutions, and even individual departments or institutions to cope with or exploit globalization" (Altbach, 2004, p. 6)
typically the focus of our conversations concerning global issues in higher education
Historical Context
Medieval Era:

travelers to university centers
Latin was the common language
European education space

20th Century:
Political, economic, and cultural rationales
Post War eras. International cooperation for peace and mutual understanding.
Universities: “prestigious instruments for transforming human minds” and preparing skilled workforce.
Third World: Technical assistance provided by super-powers. North-South relations.

Post-Cold War Era
Raise of Japan and Europe as leaders in teaching and research
Development of global society and culture (Shaw, 1994)
Globalization of economies, social and political relations, and knowledge
Politics and Economics
18th & 19th Centuries:
Nationalization of the University
Export of educational systems
Research and publication
Scholar & Student mobility

References
“perspectives on these […] concepts, including acceptance of the terms, vary, especially on the basis of the geographic location of the person holding the view” (Stromquist, 2002, p. 19).
Stromquist, N. P. (2002). The twinning of ideas and material conditions: Globalization, neoliberalism, and postmodernism. In N. P. Stromquist (Author),
Education in a globalized world: The connectivity of economic power, technology, and knowledge
(pp. 19-35). Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
Altbach, P. G. (2004). Globalisation and the university: Myths and realities in an unequal world.
Tertiary Education and Management
,
10
, 3-25. doi: 10.1023/B:TEAM.0000012239.55136.4b

de Wit, H. (2002). The historical context of the internationalization of higher education. In
Internationalization of higher education in the United States and Europe: A historical, comparative, and conceptual analysis
(pp. 3-18). Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

de Haan, H. (2014). Internationalization: Interpretations among Dutch practitioners.
Journal of
Studies in International Education, 18
(3), 241-260. doi: 10.1177/1028315313496571

Hughes-Warrington, M. (2012). The ethics of internationalisation in higher education: Hospitality, self-presence and ‘being late’.
Educational Philosophy and Theory, 44
(3), 312-322. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-5812.2010.00674.x
“a strategy of global localization, whereby universities stress locality and regional differentiation in order to seek private and public investment” (Hughes-Warrington, 2012, p. 314)
serves as a reminder to continue focusing on the local as well as international and global efforts
“an economic doctrine that sees the market as the most effective way of determining production and satisfying people’s needs” (Stromquist, 2012, p. 25)
General Comments:
Richer nations have the intellectual capacity
Pooer nations lack infrastructure
English is dominant academic language
The gap is widening
Developed Countries
Concerns about globalization? Yes, but...
Developing Countries
Concerns about globalization?
Widening gap in education and economics
Issues with quality
Return to focus on the local?
Anti-globalization in education settings
Walker, J. (2009). Time as the fourth dimension in the globalization of higher education.
The Journal of Higher Education, 80
(2), 483-509. doi: 10.1353/jhe.0.0061

Stromquist, N.P. (2002). Theorizing Globalization. In N.P. Stromquist (Author),
Education in a globalized world: The connectivity of economic power, technology, and knowledge
(pp. 1-17). Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
Stromquist, N.P. (2002). The university as the spearhead of globalization. In N.P. Stromquist (Author),
Education in a globalized world: The connectivity of economic power, technology, and knowledge
(pp. 103-132). Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
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