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Intelligent Behaviors of Cesar Chavez
Transcript of Intelligent Behaviors of Cesar Chavez
Cesar Chavez came from a poor family of immigrant farmers, the duration of his education was seventh grade, and he himself was a farmer living in poverty. He fought an onslaught of corporations trying to get fair pay and treatment for farmers despite being threatened and putting both himself and his supporters in danger. He fought politicians who didn't support him and his cause. He sacrificed his health to further his beliefs. In the end, his persistence paid off because Chavez' union, the UFW, became California's farm workers' official union.
Co-opertive Thinking-Social Intelligence
Cesar Chavez had some critics, even people who called him a communist, but it was and is clear that he was a very sociable person. He won the hearts of farm workers and social activists. When Cesar Chavez had a hearing due to his refusing to lift a boycott and 2,000 farm workers came to Salinas to attend the court hearing carrying flags and candles. They respected Cesar's nonviolent ways and quietly filled the court room and the outside area for 3 1/2 hours. He was friends with people like Martin Luther King, Jr. and Robert Kennedy. In fact, Coretta Scott King and Ethel Kennedy (the widows of Martin Luther King, Jr. and Robert Kennedy) came to visit Cesar while he was serving what would end up being 20 days in jail because of his refusing to lift that boycott. The United Farm Workers Organizing Commitee (UFWOC) or what it was later called, United Farm Workers (UFW), gained 30,000 members within six years of being established. A vote was taken in California to see what union, if any, farm workers wanted to be represented by. 30 percent wanted the Teamsters, 27 percent didn't want to be represented by a union, and 53 percent put their faith in the UFW and in Chavez.
Cesar Chavez was determined to improve the way immigrant farmers were treated so he did many risky things to change their lives and raise public awareness. He and his union went after many powerful people and corporations like Schneley, DiGiorgio Corporation, United Brands Corporation, and even the food branch of Coca Cola. The Teamsters, a labor union, attacked some of the UFWOC's people so Chavez' aides convinced him to take precautions. Despite his lack of concern for his own safety, he was put in an office with 10-inch thick walls and an around the clock guard dog named Boycott.
He not only put his union in danger, but himself as well. He and his supporters marched 21 miles in a day giving him a swollen ankle and large blister. The next day his right leg was swollen to the knee, and by the week's end he had to ride in a station wagon because he had gotten so injured. Chavez also fasted
times during his life to raise awareness for his cause. He had fasted for 25 days and 24 days straight his first two times. Then, on his final fast at 61 years old, he didn't eat for 36 days. He did so to support grape boycotts and to protest antiunion laws.
Drawing on past Knowledge and Applying it to New Situations
Chavez grew up as a first generation American farmer. He had grown up on a prosperous farm in Yuma, Arizona that his family owned until the Great Depression and a horrible drought forced them off their land to find new work. Then he and his family learned the hardships of being immigrant farmers in California at the time: always having to move to where the work temporarily was, get payed less than promised because of the abundance of desperate farmers, and just generally being mistreated. Chavez had lived the life of the people he was trying to help so he understood their problems. He used his real life experience to help immigrant farmers in the same situation as he was until his life as a young adult.
"Humor" isn't usually the first thing people think of when it comes to Cesar Chavez, but part of his charisma is that he could make a joke about a lot of things. Even when he was put in jail and fined for $500, he made fun of Bud Antle for thinking that just because they put him in jail, he would stop encouraging people to boycott Bud Antle's lettuce.
Thank you for watching!