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SAMURAI & SHOGUNS

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by

Aishat Jaiyeola

on 21 February 2014

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Transcript of SAMURAI & SHOGUNS

SAMURAI & SHOGUNS
FEUDALISM BEGINS IN JAPAN
"The feudalism in Japan was all basically a fight for more land, more wealth, and above all, more power."(2) Daimyo were often the people who fought against each other. A person who got land and safety from lord in exchange for loyalty was a vassal.


(2) "Feudal Japan." Feudal Japan - Simply Japan. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2014.
WORKS CITED
Minoru Shinoda. "Fujiwara Family." Encyclopedia Britannica. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2014.
ODA NOBUNAGA
DURING THE MIDDLE OF THE 1500s, ODA NOBUNAGA STARTED TO REUNITE JAPAN. HE WAS THE FIRST SHOGUN TO RECOGNIZE GUNS AS AN IMPORTANT WEAPON TO USE IN BATTLE. HE ALSO WON ALMOST HALF OF JAPAN BEFORE HE DIED.
THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT GROWS WEAK
IN THE 110Os, THE GOVERNMENT LOST THEIR POWER AND MONEY. DAIMYO WERE LARGE LANDOWNERS THAT DIDN'T PAY TAXES. THEY BROUGHT WAR AND INSECURITY TO MAIN POWER EVENTUALLY WEAKENING IT. DAIMYO CONTOLLED & TRAINED BIG PRIVATE ARMIES.
NOBLES GAIN POWER
JAPAN WENT THROUGH 500 YEARS OF PEACE AFTER PRINCE SHOTOKU DIED. THE EMPEROR WAS AT THE TOP OF THE GOVERNMENT BUT HE WAS ONLY FIGUREHEAD, SO IN A WAY HE LOST POWER TO THE RICH FUJIWARA CLAN WHO "RULED THE GOVERNMENT FROM 9TH TO 12TH CENTURY."(1)

EMPERORS & SHOGUNS
SHOGUN MEANT SUPREME COMMANDER OF THE ARMY. MINAMOTO YORITOMO WAS THE 1ST SHOGUN OF JAPAN FROM 1192, THE EMPEROR WAS STILL IN THE GOVERNMENT BUT HE DIDN'T HAVE ANY POWER. JAPAN WOULD BE RULED BY SHOGUS FOR THE NEXT 700 YEARS, ALSO KNOWN AS A SHOGUNATE.
TOYOTOMI HIDEYOSHI
TOYOTOMI HIDEYOSHI WAS THE BEST GENERAL OF NOBUNAGA. HE WAS BORN AS A PEASANT BUT EVENTULLY ROSE TO BECOME SHOGUN.HE DIED IN 1598, AND BY THEN HE CONTROLLED ALL OF JAPAN. GENERALS FOUGHT FOR CONTROL AFTER HE DIED .
THE SAMURAI & WARROR CODE
SAMURAI WARRIORS PROTECTED THEIR LORD BEFOR THEIR FAMILY. DYING FOR THEIR LORD WAS CONSIDERED AN HONORABLE DEATH. LADIES THAT CAME FROM WARRIOR FAMILIES HAD A HIGHER RANK THAN OTHER LADIES. SAMURAI FOLLOWED THE CODE OF BUSHIDO THAT REQUIRED HONOR, LOYALTY, BRAVERY, RESPECT FOR GODS AND GENEROSITY FOR THE POOR
TOKUGAWA IEYASU
TOKUGAWA IEYASU WAS THE WINNER OF THE WAR BETWEEN SEVERAL GENERALS. HE FOUNDED THE TOKUGAWA SHOGUNATE WHICH RULED JAPAN UNTILL 1868 AND MADE EDO (MODERN-DAY TOKYO). IEYASU FEARED THE INFLUENCE OF EUROPE SO THEY BANNED & KILLED JAPANESE CHRISTIANS, KICKED OUT FOREIGN MERCHANTS & MISSIONARIES, AND STOPPED TRADE.
(1) Minoru Shinoda. "Fujiwara Family." Encyclopedia Britannica. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2014.
Carnine, Douglas. "Samurai and Shoguns." World History: Medieval and Early Modern times. Evanston, IL: McDougal Littell, 2006. N. pag. Print.
"Feudal Japan." Feudal Japan - Simply Japan. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2014.
ODA NOBUNAGA
TOYOTOMI HIDEYOSHI
DAIMYO
SAMURAI
VASSAL
TOKUGAWA IEYASU
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