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British Colonization in Nigeria
Transcript of British Colonization in Nigeria
Government in Nigeria
The government before colonization was ruled by the village people.
Villagers with important titles had special privileges in the community meetings.
The British practice a way of governing called "indirect rule."
Indirect rule was when the British appointed certain villagers to be leaders. The leaders were told what to do by the British. But the other tribe members didn't listen to the new leaders and the leaders were replaced by British officers.
Why the British colonized Nigeria
Nigeria was the perfect place for the British to manufacture goods.
The major product the British wanted to export was palm oil.
Palm oil was the type of oil used for cooking all over the world. Palm oil derives from the palm oil tree.
The British also wanted to secure trading with the country of Nigeria.
Nigeria had resources that weren't available anywhere else.
Ending and After Colonization
World trade dwindled by the end of the 19th century. Palm oil's worth was cut in half so the British didn't make much of a profit anymore.
The British tried to eliminate local traders and gain land away from the coast, but they were unable to make the Nigerians happy.
The Nigerians began to protest and boycott all of the British goods to pressure the British to allow them to become independent.
On October 1, 1960, Nigeria was finally independent from Great Britain.
Pros and Cons of Colonization
Sir George Goldie helped Britain gain control of Southwest Nigeria. He signed treaties and took over two French firms.
Britain used military forces to gain power of almost all of Nigeria by the early 20th century.
One strategy that the British used to control the Nigerians is the power of education.
The British built churches and boarding schools in Nigeria to spread Christianity.
The schools were run by missionaries that taught the Nigerians to think in a more proper style.
Nigeria became more urbanized with the building of railroads and roads.
The Nigerians had the opportunity to learn a new language.
The markets the British open up allowed there to be more jobs for the Nigerians.
The British took all of profit of the selling of Nigeria's resources.
Nigerians had to pay high taxes and they were unable to vote.
The villagers were not allowed to go up or down an economic class. They had to stay at the same class.
Tribe members were afraid of the elites and feared severe punishments.
By: Kayla Truong and Daniel Rodriguez