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Mongol Influence in Russia
Transcript of Mongol Influence in Russia
Influence in Religion
Thesis and MOD
The Russians lived under Mongol rule for almost two centuries (Hopkik 13). During that time, the Mongol system was to place Vassal princes who were expected to pay tribute to the Mongols for the privilege of holding their own kingdom (Roy 8). The result was harsh rule that turned most Russians into serfs and destroyed the Russian economy, most importantly in regard to trade (Hopkik 12). Effects include halting Russia's technical development and relationships with other nations (Hopkik 12).
The Mongol Empire conquered much of Russia between 1219 and 1240 (Wren 37). At the time, Russia was made up many kingdoms (Hopkik 12). Constant territory disputes left the region ill defended against invading forces (Hopkik 12). Genghis Khan oversaw the conquering of most of Asia, land spanning from the pacific coast to the Polish border (Hopkik 12).
One affect of Mongol occupation was the spread of the Golden Horde (Hopkik 3). The Golden Horde, a mixture of Muslim and Pagan religions, was first made up of Mongols in the Central Asian region (Roy 28). However, its practitioners spread to include 9 out of 10 Russian principalities by 1480 (Roy 28). Today, Islam is still widely practiced throughout the Central Asian region.
Under the rule of vassal princes, the Russians were cut off from Europe and turned more toward the east in culture (Hopkik 3). The Russian language picked up words such as амбар, barn, and базар, bazaar from the Turkic languages (Housenni). The architecture of St. Basil's Cathedral on Red Square has distinct Mongol and Eastern Styles. The dome shapes and use of tile may have been inspired by Kazan and the East (Hilton).
Two hundred years of Mongol occupation in Russia influenced the development of Russian culture and economics.
Dobbs, Michael. Down with Big Brother. New York: Knopf, 1996. Print.
Genghis Khan. N.d. Photograph. The Field Museum, Chicago. The Field Museum. The Field Museum, 24 Feb. 2012. Web. 2 Jan. 2014.
Hilton, Allison. "Russian Art and Architecture." Scholastic Publishes Literacy Resources. Scholastic Inc., n.d. Web. 02 Jan. 2014.
Hopkik, Peter. The Great Game. New York: Kodansha, 1994. Print.
Iconográfico, Archivo. Red Square. N.d. Photograph. Encyclopedia Britannica.Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica. Web. 2 Jan. 2014.
Remnick, David. Lenin’s Tomb. New York: Random, 1994. Print.
Roy, Oliver. The New Central Asia. New York: New York University, 2000. Print.
South Federal District Mosque. N.d. Photograph. Welcome to Russia. Russia Trek. Web. 2 Jan. 2014.
The Mongol Empire. N.d. Photograph. PhotoPress. Map Collection. PhotoPress, 27 June 2012. Web. 2 Jan. 2014.
Mongol rule made up a very large part of Russian history. In economics, the Mongols shaped a farming economy and prevented trade. In culture, after the Mongol rule Russian culture turned toward the east, in language, art, and religion, when before it may have been leaning west.