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The Most Influencial Geographer: Nicholas Spykman
Transcript of The Most Influencial Geographer: Nicholas Spykman
Life and Geographical Influence "Geography is the most fundamental factor in foreign policy because it is the most permanent." Lifespan: 1893 - 1943
Education: University of California, earned Ph.D in 1923
Worked as Sterling a professor of International Relations at Yale University "Nations which renounce the power
struggle and deliberately choose
impotence will cease to influence international
relations either for evil or good." Spykman became known as the "Godfather of Containment" for his application of geographical concepts to the anti-Communism effort that characterized the United States during the Cold War era.
His contributions are largely comprised of theories and models that assisted in war efforts. The Rimland Theory
The idea that world domination would result from the seizing of coastal fringes of the "Eurasian" region (the "rimland")
Disagreed with Mackinder, who postulated that the "heartland", or the mainland, would supply the most power
Spykman's championed theory became the base of containment politics
Spykman's Rimland Theory Geopolitics Illustrated: For more information, refer to
Chapter 8 of the APHG textbook: Political Geography
"Nicholas Spykman." Yatedo. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://www.yatedo.com/>.
"The Cold War: The Geography of Containment." The Cold War: The Geography of Containment. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Sept. 2012. <http://www.oldenburger.us/gary/docs/TheColdWar.htm>.
"AP Exam Definitions." AP Exam Definitions. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Sept. 2012. <http://teacherweb.ftl.pinecrest.edu/snyderd/MWH/AP/definitions/APdefinitions4.htm>.