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Beginnings of Civilization

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by

Tim Endicott

on 9 September 2016

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Transcript of Beginnings of Civilization

Beginnings of Civilization
Unit 1: Foundations of Civilization
THE RISE OF CITIES
8 FEATURES OF CIVILIZATION
SPREAD OF CIVILIZATION
CIVILIZATION & CHANGE
a main feature of civilization
farmers created surplus - increases population
villages became cities
first cities develop around rivers & river valleys
ruled/controlled cities
created laws, taxes, etc
polytheistic
temples/rituals created
bricklayers, soldiers, artisans, merchants, etc

hierarchy based on job
(priests > nobles > artisans > slaves)
expressed beliefs/values
temples = strength/power
rulers ordered building projects
(irrigation, roads, walls, bridges)
scribes used for record keeping
used pictographs at first

however, nomads still existed
everyone did not become "civilized"
environmental changes
interactions among people
natural disaster
over-farming
famine/scarcity
etc.
environmental changes force interactions
migration
warfare
trade
following permanent villages, the next major advancement:
civilizations
complex, highly organized social order
Cities
Organized Government
Complex Religion
Job Specialization
Social Classes
Arts & Architecture
Public Works
Writing
leads to
cultural diffusion
_____________
permanent villages
cities
city-states
empires
spread of ideas, tech, customs, etc.
Full transcript