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"Sinners in the Hands of An Angry God"

study guide

on 13 September 2016

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Transcript of "Sinners in the Hands of An Angry God"

"Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God"
Puritan preacher, philosopher, and theologian
Entered Yale at 13
Became known for his extreme religious views
Known for his famous sermon - "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God"
Jonathan Edwards, 1703-1758
A speech given in a house of worship, usually as part of a religious service
Can be instructional or inspiring
Expresses a central message or POV
An image that appeals to the five senses (taste, touch, sight, smell, sound), as well as a metaphor, simile, & personification
Imagery used to create the emotion of fear:
the angry God is more fearsome
gives audience mental image
makes sermon more persuasive
Figures of Speech:
- a comparison between two unlike objects using the words like, as, or resembles
- a comparison between two unlike objects without using the words like, as, or resembles
- give human characteristics to non-human objects
Reading Check:
Find the direct statement in which Edwards sets forth the purpose of his sermon
According to the sermon, what keeps sinners out of Hell?
Find three (3) examples of Edward's use of figurative language
What is the main idea of this sermon?
Name two creatures to which Edwards compares sinners
Would sermons of this nature be very popular today?
: unimaginable, beyond understanding
: to persuade, force, cause
: angered, enraged
: physical condition
: powerful
examples: figures of speech
"your wickedness makes you as it were heavy as lead"
"The wrath of God is like great waters that are dammed for the present..."

"...and all your righteousness, would have no more influence to uphold you and keep you out of hell, than a spider's web would have to stop a fallen rock"
"The bow of God's wrath is bent, and the arrow made ready on the string"

"...and justice bends the arrow at your heart"
Author's Tone & Purpose:
He is angry/enraged. Edwards is trying to scare the townspeople into converting because they are "sinners."
To persuade the audience to commit themselves fully to Puritan beliefs - to threaten sinners to be a good Christian or else God would be furious at them.
3rd paragraph - "The use of this awful subject may be for awakening unconverted persons in this congregation
Only God's authority/grace keeps sinners out of Hell
answers may vary
Sinners must repent and except Jesus Christ as their savior in order to avoid Hell
spider, poisonous snake
answers may vary
By: Jonathan Edwards
Background Information
Welcome Work (9/13):
Please complete the worksheet that I handed you on the way into class today.
Today's Agenda:
Vocab 2a Video
Finish Background Notes
Read/Annotate "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God"
Work on Discussion Questions
Style of text:
Dramatic, opinionated
Edwards wanted to instill fear into people to behave well all of the time - or else God would be angry with you.
The Great Awakening:
Edwards used this approach in his sermon - The Great Awakening is a religious revival where Christians began to approach prayer with passion and emotion. This led to more conversions.
Imagine the fear you would experience if this were you in these stunts...
Now, imagine the fear these "sinners" have when we read/annotate "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God"
Full transcript