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Anthro: Antisocial Personality Disorder

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by

Courtney Brown

on 8 April 2013

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Transcript of Anthro: Antisocial Personality Disorder

ANTISOCIAL PERSONALITY DISORDER APD A personality disorder characterized by a troubled way of thinking and behaving due to an inability to feel emotions like the general population. Also known as psychopathy, sociopathy or dis-social personality Same category as borderline, histrionic and narcissistic personality disorder There are seven main characteristics used
in the diagnosis of Antisocial Personality Disorder APD Also known as psychopathy, sociopathy or dis-social personality Refuses to abide
by social norms or
by legal constraints.
Frequent involvement
in criminal activities such
as theft, fraud and drugs, &
occasionally even murder
others for their own benefit, often in
order to obtain money, sex, drugs or power Very effective con artists & can fool victims easily They display I M P U L S I V E B E H A V I O U R frequently. They have difficulty in maintaining long-term jobs, keeping relationships and tend to change addresses a lot. AGGRESSION Usually have
a history of and are involved in frequent fights AND THEY EXHIBIT RECKLESS DISREGARD for themselves and those around them This is due to their inability to feel or understand emotions IRRESPONSIBLE
BEHAVIOUR Have difficulty in holding a steady job
Fail to pay rent or debts
Refusal to honor promises
Criminal activities
Impulsive spending
Therefore frequently have financial troubles
LACK OF EMOTION No evidence of sadness, regret or remorse for actions that hurt others
Few true emotions beyond contempt
No empathy
Mimic the feelings of those around them
Motivated only
by money,
power or sex
Several other traits are common to those with APD D E C E I V E & M A N I P U L A T E Inflated sense of self-worth
Increased risk of somatization disorders
Minor physical traits like low-seated ears
and adherent earlobes
Associated with a low socioeconomic status
- they may be homeless, poor or substance
abusers and may have a criminal record APD VS. PSYCHOPATHY Some legal experts think that APD should not be classified as a mental illness They feel that this classification gives an excuse to criminal psychopaths
Those in the prison system can claim mental illness to receive a lighter sentence
Calling APD a mental illness may create an excuse for unethical, immoral or illegal behaviour Some experts say that psychopathy is not, in fact, interchangeable with APD All psychopaths have APD
25% of individuals with APD are psychopaths 1% of women have APD 3% of men have APD 3-30% in a clinical setting 75% in prison BOTH GENETIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS
ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR APD 44% - 72% heritable
Higher risk if parents or guardians have APD
Sexual, physical or mental abuse
Neglect
Erratic parenting and inconsistent discipline
Low IQ
Neurological disorders
Dysfunction at structures at the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain Attempted treatments have been largely unsuccessful APD - specific medications do not exist, but antidepressants, anti-anxiety medications, mood-stabilizers and antipsychotics help with the symptoms
Medications are usually refused or abused
Long-term residential situations have been most successful
Psychotherapy:
Cognitive behavioural therapy
Psychodynamic psychotherapy
Psychoeducation ORGANIZATIONS DEDICATED TO HELPING THOSE WITH APD AND OTHER MENTAL ILLNESSES The Genetic and Rare Disease Information Centre (GARD)
Mental Health America (MHA)
The National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI)
The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Full transcript