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India

Chapters 3,4, and 7
by

Mr. Shank

on 27 September 2017

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Transcript of India

Ancient India
Egypt
Mesopotamia
Asia Minor
Red Sea
India
Mediterranean Sea
Indian Ocean
Bay of the Bengal
Arabian Sea
Persian Gulf
Tigris River
Euphrates River
Nile River
Persian Empire

Himalayas
Indus River
Ganges River
Yeti
Mt. Everest (29,029 ft)
Indo-Aryans 2000-1000 B.C.E
Migration patterns
Aryans
Castes or class system
Hindu Kush
Caucasus
Vedas
Vedas is the Aryan's religious text, which
would later become Hinduism.
Dharma- determined by birth and caste.
Caste System
Hinduism
Reincarnation
What's the law that holds dharma and reincarnation?
Karma
Upanishads- commentary on the Vedas
but would later become sacred writing.
What's happening in this picture?
Buddhism
Who is the founder of Buddhism?
600 B.C.E
Was under house arrest but snuck out when he was 29.
Old Man
Sick Man
Dead Man
Siddhartha Gautama
Set out to find the meaning of life.

He fasted and meditated for 44 days until he found the answer. What does fasted and meditated mean?
1st Noble Truth
All life is suffering
2nd Noble Truth
The source of suffering is desire
3rd Noble Truth
To stop suffering, you must eliminate all desire.
4th Noble Truth
Follow 8 Fold Path to stop desire
Four Noble Truths
He reached Nirvana!!!
India was unified twice
Mauryan Dynasty 321-185 BCE
Gupta Dynasty 320-550 CE
Ashoka
304-270 BC
Spread Buddhism
Buddhism- gods can take many forms.
Buddhism = Hinduism
Buddha became an incarnation of one of the Hindu gods.
Moksha-perfect understanding of all things.
Khyber Pass
The Aryans were significant in Indian history because they brought with them ideas of:
Religion
Social Structure

The Aryans also developed the language called Sanskrit
which was like the Phoenician writing, which had an alphabet.

Rebirth
Hinduism
The ultimate goal of a Hindu is to reach Moksha (perfect understanding) and a release from the cycle of reincarnation.
Reaching Moksha comes when one understands the relationship between Atman (individual soul) and Brahman (world soul).

Henotheism
-worship of a single god while not denying the existence or possible existence of other deities.
Religious text
Christians:
2,100,000,000 adherents - tending to decline in terms of global percentage

Muslims:
1,500,000,000 persons - tending to increase in terms of global percentage

Of no religion:
1,100,000,000 Human Beings - tending to decline in terms of global percentage

Hindus:
900,000,000 adherents - stable in terms of global percentage

Chinese folk religionists:
400,000,000 persons

Primal religionists:
400,000,000 Human Beings

Buddhists:
375,000,000 adherents - stable in terms of global percentage

Sikhs:
24,000,000 persons

Jews:
14,500,000 Human Beings

Baha'is:
7,400,000 adherents

Jains:
4,300,000 persons

Shintoists:
4,000,000Human Beings

Taoism:
2,700,000 adherents
Full transcript