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Transcript of India
Bay of the Bengal
Mt. Everest (29,029 ft)
Indo-Aryans 2000-1000 B.C.E
Castes or class system
Vedas is the Aryan's religious text, which
would later become Hinduism.
Dharma- determined by birth and caste.
What's the law that holds dharma and reincarnation?
Unpanishad- commentary on the Vedas
but would later become sacred writing.
What's happening in this picture?
Who is the founder of Buddhism?
Was under house arrest but snuck out when he was 29.
Set out to find the meaning of life.
He fasted and meditated for 44 days until he found the answer. What does fasted and meditated mean?
1st Noble Truth
All life is suffering
2nd Noble Truth
The source of suffering is desire
3rd Noble Truth
To stop suffering, you must eliminate all desire.
4th Noble Truth
Follow 8 Fold Path to stop desire
Four Noble Truths
He reached Nirvana!!!
India was unified twice
Mauryan Dynasty 321-185 BCE
Gupta Dynasty 320-550 CE
Buddhism- gods can take many forms.
Buddhism = Hinduism
Buddha became an incarnation of one of the Hindu gods.
Moksha-perfect understanding of all things.
The Aryans were significant in Indian history because they brought with them ideas of:
The Aryans also developed the language called Sanskrit
which was like the Phoenician writing, which had an alphabet.
The ultimate goal of a Hindu is to reach Moksha (perfect understanding) and a release from the cycle of reincarnation.
Reaching Moksha comes when one understands the relationship between Atman (individual soul) and Brahman (world soul).