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Transcript of India
Indo-Aryans 2000-1000 B.C.E
Castes or class system
Vedas is the Aryan's religious text, which
would later become Hinduism.
Dharma- determined by birth and caste.
What's happening in this picture?
Who is the founder of Buddhism?
Born 563 B.C.E
Was under house arrest but snuck out when he was 29.
Set out to find the meaning of life.
He fasted and meditated for 44 days until he found the answer. What does fasted and meditated mean?
1st Noble Truth
All life is suffering
2nd Noble Truth
The source of suffering is desire
3rd Noble Truth
To stop suffering, you must eliminate all desire.
4th Noble Truth
Follow 8 Fold Path to stop desire
Four Noble Truths
He reached Nirvana!!!
India was unified
Mauryan Dynasty 321-185 BCE
Gupta Dynasty 320-550 CE
Buddhism- gods can take many forms.
Buddhism branches out of Hinduism
Buddha became an incarnation of one of the Hindu gods.
Moksha-perfect understanding of all things. (Brahman)
The Aryans were significant in Indian history because they brought with them ideas of:
The Aryans also developed the language called Sanskrit
which was like the Phoenician writing, which had an alphabet.
The ultimate goal of a Hindu is to reach Moksha (perfect understanding) and a release from the cycle of reincarnation.
Reaching Moksha comes when one understands the relationship between
Atman (individual soul) and Brahman (world soul).
-worship of a single god while not denying the existence or possible existence of other deities
2,100,000,000 adherents - tending to decline in terms of global percentage
1,500,000,000 persons - tending to increase in terms of global percentage
Of no religion:
1,100,000,000 Human Beings - tending to decline in terms of global percentage
900,000,000 adherents - stable in terms of global percentage
Chinese folk religionists:
400,000,000 Human Beings
375,000,000 adherents - stable in terms of global percentage
14,500,000 Human Beings
2500 - 1800 BC
Bay of Bengal
Seals or stamps
What do you think they venerated?
Harapans and Mohenjo-Darons Vanished
Lack of rain
Vedic Period 1500 - 500 BC
Hymns, chants, ritual instructions, and other religious teachings.
God of War
God of order and creation
God of Fire
A single spiritual power that existed beyond the many gods (polytheism)
Seeking direct communication with the divine.
India's greatest epics
warfare and religion
Commentary on the Vedas
Let's talk about the Vedas.
commentary on the Vedas
but would later become sacred writing.
What is the soul?
Good or bad deeds
321-297 BC (Reign)
Grandson of Chandragupta Maurya
Concept of zero