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India

Chapters 3,4, and 7
by

Mr. Shank

on 24 September 2018

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Transcript of India

Ancient India
Indo-Aryans 2000-1000 B.C.E
Migration patterns
Aryans
Castes or class system
Caucasus
Vedas is the Aryan's religious text, which
would later become Hinduism.
Dharma- determined by birth and caste.
(Duty)
Caste System
Hinduism
Reincarnation
Karma
What's happening in this picture?
Buddhism
Who is the founder of Buddhism?
Born 563 B.C.E
Was under house arrest but snuck out when he was 29.
Old Man
Sick Man
Dead Man
Siddhartha Gautama
Set out to find the meaning of life.

He fasted and meditated for 44 days until he found the answer. What does fasted and meditated mean?
1st Noble Truth
All life is suffering
2nd Noble Truth
The source of suffering is desire
3rd Noble Truth
To stop suffering, you must eliminate all desire.
4th Noble Truth
Follow 8 Fold Path to stop desire
Four Noble Truths
He reached Nirvana!!!
India was unified
(brought together)
twice

Mauryan Dynasty 321-185 BCE
Gupta Dynasty 320-550 CE
Ashoka
304-270 BC
Spread Buddhism
Buddhism- gods can take many forms.
Buddhism branches out of Hinduism
Buddha became an incarnation of one of the Hindu gods.
Moksha-perfect understanding of all things. (Brahman)
The Aryans were significant in Indian history because they brought with them ideas of:
Religion
Social Structure
Written Language
The Aryans also developed the language called Sanskrit
which was like the Phoenician writing, which had an alphabet.

Rebirth
Hinduism
The ultimate goal of a Hindu is to reach Moksha (perfect understanding) and a release from the cycle of reincarnation.
Reaching Moksha comes when one understands the relationship between
Atman (individual soul) and Brahman (world soul).

Henotheism
-worship of a single god while not denying the existence or possible existence of other deities
(gods)
.
Christians:
2,100,000,000 adherents - tending to decline in terms of global percentage

Muslims:
1,500,000,000 persons - tending to increase in terms of global percentage

Of no religion:
1,100,000,000 Human Beings - tending to decline in terms of global percentage

Hindus:
900,000,000 adherents - stable in terms of global percentage

Chinese folk religionists:
400,000,000 persons

Primal religionists:
400,000,000 Human Beings

Buddhists:
375,000,000 adherents - stable in terms of global percentage

Sikhs:
24,000,000 persons

Jews:
14,500,000 Human Beings

Baha'is:
7,400,000 adherents

Jains:
4,300,000 persons

Shintoists:
4,000,000Human Beings

Taoism:
2,700,000 adherents
2500 - 1800 BC
Himalayas
Hindu Kush
Bay of Bengal
Indian Ocean
Arabian Sea
Ganges River
Indus River
Khyber Pass
Mt. Everest

Hindu Kush
Himalayas
29,029 ft
Harappa
Mohenjo-Daro
2500 BC
2500 BC
Seals or stamps
What do you think they venerated?
Harapans and Mohenjo-Darons Vanished
Earthquakes
Flooding
Lack of rain

2000-1000 BC
Vedic Period 1500 - 500 BC
Hymns, chants, ritual instructions, and other religious teachings.
The Vedas
Religious text
Indra
God of War
Varuna
God of order and creation
Arni
God of Fire
Messages
Brahman
A single spiritual power that existed beyond the many gods (polytheism)
Mystics
Seeking direct communication with the divine.
Divine
500 BC
500 BC
India's greatest epics
warfare and religion
Teaches values
Rama
Monkey General
Centralized Gov't
Grid streets
Plumbing
Commentary on the Vedas
Let's talk about the Vedas.
commentary on the Vedas
but would later become sacred writing.

What is the soul?
Ultimate goal
Ahimsa
Jainism
Extreme non-violence
2nd Edition
Good or bad deeds
2 Sects
321-297 BC (Reign)
Grandson of Chandragupta Maurya
Golden Age
Concept of zero
Decimal system
Numbers
0
Full transcript