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Copy of Arkansas History Chapter 1

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Kimberly Foerster

on 14 January 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Arkansas History Chapter 1

Geographical Regions in Arkansas
Arkansas is given a particular nickname because of its beauty.

What is that nickname?
Why is it called "Arkansas"?
A Geologist studied the formation of Arkansas and this study of how we formed is "geology".

All of the continents used to be connected. What was this called??
A large layer of rock or a plate called plate tectonics is what eventually caused the Ozark and Ouachita Mountains to form in Arkansas.

Look at page 5 in your textbook. With you table, answer the following:

What is plate tectonics?
How did Arkansas's Mountains form?
Plate Teconics is a theory that maintains that under the Earth's crust there
are giant slabs or rock called plates. Some are very large, others are small.

In the area between the plate, movement is ongoing. The severity of these movements can change the surface of the Earth.
Did You Know??
Look at this cool video!
You Tell Me!
How do Volcanoes form??
Do you think there are fossils in Arkansas?
What are Fossils?
Read Page 8 in the text.

What's the Difference? Read page 8 in the text. Which type is found more abundantly in Arkansas?
What are the Three Types of Rocks?!
South Central United States

Arkansas is part of the region called the southern Mississippi River Valley
Why are we called this?

We are a middle sized state. 29th biggest out of 50 states.
Arkansas covers 53,182 square miles.

Think fast! What six states surround Arkansas???
Where is Arkansas??
Two types of rivers in Arkansas:

Fast moving which slowly erodes soil and rocks from higher elevations.

Meandering rivers wind back and forth across the state.

Transportation, tourism, drinking water, water for crops....

Water is Vital to Arkansas and is considered to be one of the most important natural resources we have!
Water, Water, Water!
Mississippi River
Runs 1500 miles from the Rocky Mountains to the
Mississippi River on the eastern border of Arkansas.

It served as a main source of travel for Native Americans and explorers.

Fort Smith, Little Rock, North Little Rock, and Pine Bluff were founded on the Arkansas River!
Arkansas River
The Buffalo
St. Francis
These smaller rivers will dump into larger bodies of water located in Arkansas.

Have you seen or been to any of these rivers??
Water that is located underground is an aquifer.

We measure the aquifer using a water table.
Underground water??
There are six different areas of Arkansas

1. Mississippi Alluvial Plain (Delta)
2. The West Gulf Coastal Plain
3. The Ouachita Mountains
4. The Arkansas River Valley
5. The Ozark Mountains
6. Crowley's Ridge
Regions of Arkansas
Arkansas Map Activity

In your AR Unit 1 packet, locate the page with the attributes necessary to label on your map.

Open your email and find my most recent message. There is a link that will take you to a site with a variety of reference maps.

The last page of the Unit 1 packet is an AR map. You will use this map to complete the activity.

You MAY work with peers on this activity.
The land regions of Arkansas each have their own unique physical and cultural features.

Forests, lakes, plateaus, prairies, mountains, and wetlands are some of the physical features of Arkansas
Arkansas Regions
Runs along the eastern border of Arkansas
It is also known as the delta
When the Mississippi River flooded, this area was formed
The flooding caused this area to be a major agricultural area

What is agriculture??
The Mississippi Alluvial Plain
For many years cotton was one of the major crops coming from the Arkansas Delta.
Flooding began to be controlled through the building of levees and farming improved
Today the Arkansas Delta provides the largest amount of rice production in the United States
It is also the best place to duck hunt!

Corn, wheat, hay, sorghum and soybeans are the main crops
Cattle, hogs, and poultry are also raised.

Major towns in the Arkansas Delta: Stuttgart, Blythevillle, Lonoke, Dumas, Marianna, Augusta, Osceola, and England
The Arkansas Delta!
Stretches across the southern part of Arkansas

Has beautiful rolling hills and rivers such as the Red, Ouachita, and Saline
Was home to pine, beech, and oak trees but were cut and hauled away
Today it is a large pine tree area and is the state's center for the lumber industry
Cities in this area include: Texarkana, Monticello, Hope, Washington, Camden, and Arkadelphia
The West Gulf Coastal Plain
Southwest part of the state
Filled with wide open valleys where there are cotton and corn farms
There are many forests in this area and it is a large area for timber which is important to the economy
Most famous city of the Ouachita Mountain region is Hot Springs

Lake DeGray, Lake Hamilton, Lake Catherine, Lake Greeson, Lake Ouachita, Hot Springs
The Ouachita Mountains
etween the Ouachita Mountains and Ozark Mountains
Formed from the Arkansas River
It runs from the Oklahoma border to the portion of the state
Fort Smith was built along the edge of the western frontier
Petit Jean Mountain one feature in the Arkansas River Valley
Mount Magazine is also located in the Arkansas River Valley

Van Buren, Russellville, Little Rock, North Little Rock, Conway are some of the most noticeable cities in the Arkansas River Valley
Arkansas River Valley
Largest portion of the state
Northwest corner of Arkansas
Made mostly of mountains and plateaus
Forests of hickory and oak trees and lots of rivers and lakes
Timber and mining were important industries until the mines and forests were depleted.

Home to businesses like Wal-Mart, Tyson, and J.B. Hunt
Fayetteville, Springdale, Rogers, and Bentonville are most noteable
Ozark Mountains
Smallest and most unique region
Located near the eastern border
Runs through the middle of the Arkansas Delta
Begins in Missouri and travels through helena
Rises 100 ft above the flat Delta floor
This area was made from loess (sandy soil) from the Mississippi River
Largest city is Jonesboro

Other noteable cities are Helena, Forrest City, Wynne, and Piggot

Piggot was once home to the famous writer Ernest Hemmingway

Home to hickory and oak forests
Crowley's Ridge
Has an abundance of natural resources

Oil and gas
Water for agriculture and transportation
Arkansas Resources
OIl- In the 1800s oil deposits were discovered
in southern Arkansas. Oil and natural gas deposits
were eventually discovered

Coal- Found mainly in the Arkansas River Valley
Reached peak production in the 1900s

Bauxite- Has become an important mining resource
The Buffalo River is the FIRST National River in the U.S.
The Mississippi is the largest river in the United States and the 4th largest in the world.

It is considered the "lifeblood" of the Arkansas Delta.
Read page 15 to learn more about Arkansas lakes!!!

Lake Chicot
Mississippi River
4th largest river in the world!
Largest in the United States
"Lifeblood" for Arkansas and early settlers
Full transcript