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Disability Online Poster Presentation
Transcript of Disability Online Poster Presentation
(Young, 2000) Legislation The largest minority population in America is people with disabilities. They are also the poorest and least educated.
(U.S. House of Representatives, 1990) The World's Largest Minority Group Physical Cognitive Psychiatric Marginalization:
People with disabilities are often excluded from common privileges in society, such as access to transportation and housing. Cultural Imperialism:
People living with disabilities have relatively little influence in the dominant culture. Resources for disabled people are not readily available as their needs are different from the dominant culture. Powerlessness:
People with disabilities are often impoverished and don't have power to affect change within their communities. Violence:
Disabled people, particularly women, often live in fear that they will be hurt or attacked due to their identity within a group that is often perceived as weak and powerless. Direct Discrimination
Discrimination that occurs when an individual or group treats a person living with a disability less favorably than a person living without a disability. Areas that this may occur in are employment, education, and access to services or goods (Disabled World News, 2009). Indirect Discrimination
Discrimination that occurs when there is not a direct intention to exclude people living with disabilities, however, their needs or accommodations are not met due to a lack of knowledge. A common example is when a building or business does not have a ramp or access into their building by wheelchair. DISCRIMINATION against the disabled, or ableism, is discriminatory action against people based on the physical ability of their body, especially against people with disabilities in favor of people who are not disabled (Disabled World News, 2009). I can easily arrange to be in the company of people of my physical ability.
If I need to move, I can easily be assured of purchasing housing I can get access to easily - accessibility is one thing I do not need to make a special point of looking for.
I can be assured that my entire neighborhood will be accessible to me.
I can assume that I can go shopping alone, and they will always have appropriate accommodations to make this experience hassle-free.
I can turn on the television or open a newspaper and see people of my physical ability represented.
When I learned about history, people of my physical ability were well represented.
I was given curricular material which showed people like me as a role model. I can be assured that assumptions about my mental capabilities will not be made based on my physical status.
I can swear, dress sloppily, or even be in a bad mood without people attributing it to my physical disability.
I can do well in challenging situations very often without being told what an inspiration I must be to other able-bodied people.
I have been asked to speak for all physically challenged people.
Almost always, when asking to speak to the person in charge, will find someone of the same physical status.
(May-Machunda, 2005) Developmental Oppression & Marginalization 43 million Americans with disabilities are disadvantaged and discrimination against in all areas of life. (U.S. Senate, 1989) 28% of disabled adults are living below the poverty line (Bowe, 1990).
46% of disabled individuals between the ages of 16 and 64 are unable to find job, even though they would like to work (U. S. Census Bureau, 2010).
Approximately 10% of the world's total population, or 650 million people, live with a disability (www.disabled-world.com). Statistics Mental Retardation and Mental Health Construction Act (1963)
Rehabilitation Act (1973)
Education for All Handicapped Children Act (1975)
Amendments to the Rehabilitation Act (1978)
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (1997)
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 People with disabilities have been persecuted for centuries. They have been discarded, institutionalized, incarcerated, and forcibly sterilized (Beaulaurier & Taylor, 2008). History of Oppression The Special Olympics strives to create a positive portrayal of people with disabilities in the media. Exploitation:
People living with disabilities are often marginalized. If they can find employment, they are usually ask to perform menial labor. In a study done in 2007, it was found that 87% of children with disabilities identified as being victims of bullying (Reiter, 2007).
This video shows direct discrimination. In 2010, a new section was added to the Americans with Disability Act. All public pools are to add a lift making pools accessible. The application of this law has continuously been pushed out further, making the final date January 31st, 2013 for public pools to comply. (Gorman, 2012) References Beaulaurier, R. L. & Taylor, S. H. (2001). Social Work Practice with People with Disabilities in the Era of Disability Rights, Social Work in Health Care, 32:4, 67-91
Bowe, F. (1990). Employment and people with disabilities. OSERS News in Print, 3(3), 2-6
Disabled World News - Information and legal articles regarding Disability Discrimination in society including the workplace: http://www.disabled-world.com/disability/discrimination/#ixzz28dv9V965
Disabled World News - World health and disability statistics and facts including country and state population with disabilities: http://www.disabled-world.com/disability/statistics/#ixzz29I0ypuhQ
Education of All Handicapped Children Act, Public Law 94-142 (1975). URL: http://www.venturacountyselpa.com/Portals/45/Users/Public%20Law%2094.pdf, Retrieved March 4, 2012.
May- Machunda, P. M. (2005). Exploring the Invisible Knapsack of Able- Bodied Privelage. Retrieved from http://www.library.wisc.edu/edvrc/docs/public/pdfs/LIReadings/ExploringInvisibleKnapsack.pdf
Ore, T. E. (2009). The social construction of difference & equality. New York: McGraw-Hill.
U.S. Bureau of the Census (1989). Labor force status and other characteristics of persons with work disabilities: 1981-1988, pp. 4-5.
U. S. Congress. (1973). Rehabilitation Act of 1973, PL 93-112.Washington DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
U. S. Congress. (1978). Rehabilitation, Comprehensive Services and Developmental Disabilities Amendments of 1978, PL 95-602. Washington DC: Government Printing Office.
U. S. Congress. (1990). Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, PL 101-336. Washington DC: Government Publishing Office.
Weinberg, N. (1983). Social equity and the physically disabled. Social Work, 28(5), 365-369.
Young, I. M. (2000). Five Faces of Oppression. In M. Adams (Ed). Readings for diversity and social justice (pp. 35 - 49.) NY: Routledge.
U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Education and Labor. (1990). House report no. 101-485(11), to accompany H.R. 2273 (101st Congress, 2nd session). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
U.S. Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources. (1989). Senate report no. 101-116, to accompany S. 933 (101st Congress, 1st session). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. Able-bodied Checklist A set of (not necessarily) earned rights or assets belonging to a certain status (Ore, 2011). Privilege: How is life easier for me as a non-disabled person? Be Inspired! Lessons Learned After researching, reading, and observing multiple videos, the most significant fact we discovered was that people living with disabilities are the largest minority group. We don't realize how much we take take for granted as able people. After working on this project, we see how Young's five faces of oppression are applied to people with disabilities.