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The Civil War Period
Transcript of The Civil War Period
The Compromise of 1850
California asked to join the Union as a free state, but this would have upset the balance between free and slave states. So congress came up with a plan that allowed California to be a free state, however, other lands gained from Mexico would be divided into 2 territories called New Mexico and Utah. The people there would decide for themselves whether to allow slavery or not.
The Underground Railroad
The Missouri Compromise
In 1819 Missouri wanted to join the Union as a slave state, but that would have upset the balance between free states and slave states. Congress discussed the issue for many months. Finally they decided that Missouri would be admitted to the Union as a slave state and Maine would be admitted as a free state.
they also decided to draw a line on a map of all of the Louisiana Purchase lands and slavery would be allowed in places south of the line. This plan became known as the Missouri Compromise.
The North & The South
Very few plantations
Mostly small farms
Had already abolished slavery
Economy was based on many industries, not just a few.
Enslaved Africans worked on the plantations
Plantations mostly grew cotton and tobacco
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