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How to Write an Outline/Speech
Transcript of How to Write an Outline/Speech
The top bun and bottom bun hold the burger together the same way the intro and conclusion hold a speech together.
Additionally, the top bun and the bottom bun are made up of the same stuff (bread), but shaped differently. Thus, when you get to the conclusion of your speech, use the same "ingredients" or parts from your intro. Just put them in a different order.
The body is the "meat" of the speech.
Hook/Attention-Getting Device (AGD)
Preview Main Points
The most effective hooks (must relate to your topic) include:
- Interrogative - expect a response
- Rhetorical - don’t expect a respons
- personal stories with a point to them
stories from history or famous people
(from famous people: sometimes poetry, song lyrics, movie dialogue, or lines from literature)
Make a reference
For a speech, a basic thesis might sound something like: "Today I am going to tell you about..." As you improve as a public speaker, you will learn how to "hide the formula" with more advanced phrasing.
Known as a preview, overview, or roadmap.
I will be the first to admit I am pretty lazy. The
most exercise I get is when I pick up the remote control to switch channels,
push the buttons on the phone to order my pizza, or when I have to get up to
answer the door to get my pizza. Lately, I have been noticing that I get
winded doing those activities, I just don't seem to have any energy. This is why I am going to show you how to exercise so that you
can increase your energy level. I will show you the proper clothes to wear, some leg and stomach exercises, and finally how to cool down.
Similar to a Burger
Where you prove your point.
State your main ideas and supporting details.
Usually 3 Main Points
Try to give equal time to all.
Details: Provide information that breaks down the supporting material to pinpoint accuracy.
Ex. Men are at 40% greater risk than women
Ex. Smoking causes over 60% of all lung problems
Restate Main Points
Now you know what to wear, some different exercises, and how to relax after exercising. Exercising can make you more energetic. Now the next time you need to change the channel, you will have the energy to go to the TV and do it yourself.
1st Main Point
2nd Main Point
3rd Main Point
This is the "Basic" Speech Formula. Once you master this, add your own "flavor" (style) and spice it up just as you would a burger. Also remember that different audiences may want different add-ons, just like how people order different additions to their burgers.
Statement that connects
makes speech flow
to the topic
to the topic
Rules for Outline
Use standard symbols
Capital Roman Numerals (I, II, III)
Capital Letters (A, B, C)
Arabic Numerals (1, 2, 3)
Lowercase Letters (a, b, c)
Lowercase Roman numerals (i, ii, iii)
Each line should contain only one idea.
Supporting points should relate to the subject directly above it.
Indent from main point to supporting point.
Can either be key phrases or sentence style.
You must have at least two of the same symbol
Provides intensification and reinforcement of main headings.
Ex. Lung disease often results
Ex. Thousands die each year
for the speech
Establish the point of
Direct and specific
Ask, “What purpose am I to achieve with this speech?
The answer will be your
Lead into the
Usually one sentence that gives an
of the major
of your speech
Talk about what you have at
II., III., and IV
5% - 10%
of your speech
The end of your speech
know that you are
Typically do not add any
10% - 20%
of your overall speech
of a speech
Where you grab the
Need to start off
If possible, relate intro to
It sets the
for the rest of your speech.
Give incentive for
May want to refer back to your hook
How To Write a Speech