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Metacognition

Metacognitive Pedagogical Models
by

maryann diedwardo

on 15 December 2014

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Transcript of Metacognition

Pedagogical Models Based on Metacognition for Writers and Writing Instructors
by Maryann DiEdwardo Ed.D.



Metacognition is thinking about thinking.
Plan.
Train. Prepare students to write by training their abilities to reflect.
Student-directed pedagogy enhances student metacognitive processes:

Writing Process Theory

Music

Journaling

Reader Response Theory
Initiate activities to help students achieve.
http://maryannpasdadiedwardo.wikispaces.com


Travel Journal
Sample Assignment: Create a travel journal based on a personal experience and study of course content this semester.
Place Memory
Reflection on process and designing your own life history project about a living or deceased person’s home or vacation spot. Interview friends or family members.
Creative Non-Fiction Story
Find a way to engage in storytelling, framing life histories, or remembrances about your own hometown in a travel journal. Engage in remembering place.
Film Analysis
Write a short summary of your favorite character’s language patterns.

DiEdwardo Framework

                                             

1. Identity Training within Metacognitive Features
2. Embed, Inform, Train
3. Plan, Evaluate, Monitor
4. Organize Topic into Narrative Structure
5. Informal Discussions (journaling Style)
6. Writing Process
7. Presentations


 



DiEdwardo Framework

STUDENT-DIRECTED LEARNING
MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCE THEORY
NARRATIVE STRUCTURES
LEARNING STYLES
JOURNALING
DISCUSSIONS
RESEARCH STRATEGIES
UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES
OPEN ACCESS RESOURCES

PARADIGMS


Metacognitive Meditation in Learning with Computer-Based Simulations. Computers in Human Behavior. 10 (1). 93-106.
EMBEDDING
INFORMING
TRAINING

VEERMAN, ELSHOUT, BUSATO, 1994

STERNBERG, 1984, 1986
METACOGNITION IS THE ABILITY TO CONTROL ONE’S COGNITIVE PROCESSES.
PLANNING
EVALUATING
MONITORING


Flavell, 1979, 1987
Flavell, J. H. (1979) Metacognition and cognitive monitoring: A new area of cognitive-developmental inquiry. American Psychologist, 34(10), 906 – 911.
Flavell, J.H. (1987). Speculation about the nature and development of metacognition. Chapter in F.E. Weinert and R.H. Kluwe (Eds.) Metacognition, Motivation, and Understanding (pp. 21-29). Hillside, N.J. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Models

Metacognition

Models, Paradigms, and Frameworks

PowerPoint
Pick one of the following:
Select a writing project from above and place the project into a PowerPoint.
Demonstrate selections of websites and sound bites through video stream or online media like news transcript about how places help or hinder people. Relate the project to our stud this semester.
Video or Audio
Make a youtube audio project. Authors can use ANY WRITTEN WORD if the author is dead for 75 years. You can read your own  audio tape of  a work of Shakespeare.
Facebook Page
Facebook Page on an author whom we studied this semester.


DiEdwardo Framework

ACCORDING TO STERNBERG in Interamerican Journal of Psychology. 2005. Vol. 39. Num. 2. pp. 189-202.
The Theory of Successful Intelligence.
http://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ773903

METACOGNITIVE PROCESSES AID
FIGURING OUT HOW TO DO A PARTICULAR SET OF TASKS
AND ENSURING THAT THE PROCESSES ARE PERFORMED CORRECTLY

METACOGNITIVE PROCESSES

http://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ773903


Dr. Maryann P. DiEdwardo

http://maryannpasdadiedwardo.wikispaces.com


STERNBERG, 1984, 1986
METACOGNITION IS THE ABILITY TO CONTROL ONE’S COGNITIVE PROCESSES.
PLANNING
EVALUATING
MONITORING


PowerPoint
Pick one of the following:
Select a writing project from above and place the project into a PowerPoint.
Demonstrate selections of websites and sound bites through video stream or online media like news transcript about how places help or hinder people. Relate the project to our stud this semester.
Video or Audio
Make a youtube audio project. Authors can use ANY WRITTEN WORD if the author is dead for 75 years. You can read your own  audio tape of  a work of Shakespeare.
Facebook Page
Facebook Page on an author whom we studied this semester.


DiEdwardo Framework

Travel Journal
Sample Assignment: Create a travel journal based on a personal experience and study of course content this semester.
Place Memory
Reflection on process and designing your own life history project about a living or deceased person’s home or vacation spot. Interview friends or family members.
Creative Non-Fiction Story
Find a way to engage in storytelling, framing life histories, or remembrances about your own hometown in a travel journal. Engage in remembering place.
Film Analysis
Write a short summary of your favorite character’s language patterns.

DiEdwardo Framework

                                             

1. Identity Training within Metacognitive Features
2. Embed, Inform, Train
3. Plan, Evaluate, Monitor
4. Organize Topic into Narrative Structure
5. Informal Discussions (journaling Style)
6. Writing Process
7. Presentations


 



DiEdwardo Framework

STUDENT-DIRECTED LEARNING
MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCE THEORY
NARRATIVE STRUCTURES
LEARNING STYLES
JOURNALING
DISCUSSIONS
RESEARCH STRATEGIES
UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES
OPEN ACCESS RESOURCES

PARADIGMS

ACCORDING TO STERNBERG in Interamerican Journal of Psychology. 2005. Vol. 39. Num. 2. pp. 189-202.
The Theory of Successful Intelligence.
http://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ773903

METACOGNITIVE PROCESSES AID
FIGURING OUT HOW TO DO A PARTICULAR SET OF TASKS
AND ENSURING THAT THE PROCESSES ARE PERFORMED CORRECTLY

METACOGNITIVE PROCESSES


Metacognitive Meditation in Learning with Computer-Based Simulations. Computers in Human Behavior. 10 (1). 93-106.
EMBEDDING
INFORMING
TRAINING

VEERMAN, ELSHOUT, BUSATO, 1994

Flavell, 1979, 1987
Flavell, J. H. (1979) Metacognition and cognitive monitoring: A new area of cognitive-developmental inquiry. American Psychologist, 34(10), 906 – 911.
Flavell, J.H. (1987). Speculation about the nature and development of metacognition. Chapter in F.E. Weinert and R.H. Kluwe (Eds.) Metacognition, Motivation, and Understanding (pp. 21-29). Hillside, N.J. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Models

Metacognition

Models, Paradigms, and Frameworks

http://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ773903


Dr. Maryann P. DiEdwardo

PowerPoint
Pick one of the following:
Select a writing project from above and place the project into a PowerPoint.
Demonstrate selections of websites and sound bites through video stream or online media like news transcript about how places help or hinder people.


Relate the project to our stud this semester.
Video or Audio
Make a youtube audio project. Authors can use ANY WRITTEN WORD if the author is dead for 75 years. You can read your own  audio tape of  a work of Shakespeare.
Facebook Page
Facebook Page on an author whom we studied this semester.


DiEdwardo Framework

                                             

1. Identity Training within Metacognitive Features
2. Embed, Inform, Train
3. Plan, Evaluate, Monitor
4. Organize Topic into Narrative Structure
5. Informal Discussions (journaling Style)
6. Writing Process
7. Presentations


 



DiEdwardo Framework

STUDENT-DIRECTED LEARNING
MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCE THEORY
NARRATIVE STRUCTURES
LEARNING STYLES
JOURNALING
DISCUSSIONS
RESEARCH STRATEGIES
UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES
OPEN ACCESS RESOURCES

PARADIGMS


Metacognitive Meditation in Learning with Computer-Based Simulations. Computers in Human Behavior. 10 (1). 93-106.
EMBEDDING
INFORMING
TRAINING

VEERMAN, ELSHOUT, BUSATO, 1994

STERNBERG, 1984, 1986
METACOGNITION IS THE ABILITY TO CONTROL ONE’S COGNITIVE PROCESSES.
PLANNING
EVALUATING
MONITORING


Travel Journal
Sample Assignment: Create a travel journal based on a personal experience and study of course content this semester.

Place Memory
Reflection on process and designing your own life history project about a living or deceased person’s home or vacation spot. Interview friends or family members.
Creative Non-Fiction Story
Find a way to engage in storytelling, framing life histories, or remembrances about your own hometown in a travel journal. Engage in remembering place.
Film Analysis
Write a short summary of your favorite character’s language patterns.

DiEdwardo Framework

ACCORDING TO STERNBERG in Interamerican Journal of Psychology. 2005. Vol. 39. Num. 2. pp. 189-202.
The Theory of Successful Intelligence.

DiEdwardo, Maryann. Pairing Music and Linguistic Inteligences
http://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ773903


METACOGNITIVE PROCESSES AID
FIGURING OUT HOW TO DO A PARTICULAR SET OF TASKS
AND ENSURING THAT THE PROCESSES ARE PERFORMED CORRECTLY

METACOGNITIVE PROCESSES

Flavell, 1979, 1987

Flavell, J. H. (1979) Metacognition and cognitive monitoring: A new area of cognitive-developmental inquiry. American Psychologist, 34(10), 906 – 911.

Flavell, J.H. (1987). Speculation about the nature and development of metacognition. Chapter in F.E. Weinert and R.H. Kluwe (Eds.) Metacognition, Motivation, and Understanding (pp. 21-29). Hillside, N.J. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

http://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ773903


Dr. Maryann P. DiEdwardo is the author of the article
Pairing Music and Linguistic Intelligences

and the book as well.











STERNBERG, 1984, 1986
METACOGNITION IS THE ABILITY TO CONTROL ONE’S COGNITIVE PROCESSES.
PLANNING
EVALUATING
MONITORING


http://maryannpasdadiedwardo.wikispaces.com


PowerPoint
Pick one of the following:
Select a writing project from above and place the project into a PowerPoint.
Demonstrate selections of websites and sound bites through video stream or online media like news transcript about how places help or hinder people. Relate the project to our stud this semester.
Video or Audio
Make a youtube audio project. Authors can use ANY WRITTEN WORD if the author is dead for 75 years. You can read your own  audio tape of  a work of Shakespeare.
Facebook Page
Facebook Page on an author whom we studied this semester.


DiEdwardo Framework

STUDENT-DIRECTED LEARNING
MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCE THEORY
NARRATIVE STRUCTURES
LEARNING STYLES
JOURNALING
DISCUSSIONS
RESEARCH STRATEGIES
UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES
OPEN ACCESS RESOURCES

PARADIGMS

Metacognition

Models, Paradigms, and Frameworks

Travel Journal
Sample Assignment: Create a travel journal based on a personal experience and study of course content this semester.
Place Memory
Reflection on process and designing your own life history project about a living or deceased person’s home or vacation spot. Interview friends or family members.
Creative Non-Fiction Story
Find a way to engage in storytelling, framing life histories, or remembrances about your own hometown in a travel journal. Engage in remembering place.
Film Analysis
Write a short summary of your favorite character’s language patterns.

DiEdwardo Framework

                                             

1. Identity Training within Metacognitive Features
2. Embed, Inform, Train
3. Plan, Evaluate, Monitor
4. Organize Topic into Narrative Structure
5. Informal Discussions (journaling Style)
6. Writing Process
7. Presentations


 



DiEdwardo Framework

ACCORDING TO STERNBERG in Interamerican Journal of Psychology. 2005. Vol. 39. Num. 2. pp. 189-202.
The Theory of Successful Intelligence.
http://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ773903

METACOGNITIVE PROCESSES AID
FIGURING OUT HOW TO DO A PARTICULAR SET OF TASKS
AND ENSURING THAT THE PROCESSES ARE PERFORMED CORRECTLY

METACOGNITIVE PROCESSES


Metacognitive Meditation in Learning with Computer-Based Simulations. Computers in Human Behavior. 10 (1). 93-106.
EMBEDDING
INFORMING
TRAINING

VEERMAN, ELSHOUT, BUSATO, 1994

Flavell, 1979, 1987
Flavell, J. H. (1979) Metacognition and cognitive monitoring: A new area of cognitive-developmental inquiry. American Psychologist, 34(10), 906 – 911.
Flavell, J.H. (1987). Speculation about the nature and development of metacognition. Chapter in F.E. Weinert and R.H. Kluwe (Eds.) Metacognition, Motivation, and Understanding (pp. 21-29). Hillside, N.J. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Models

http://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ773903


Dr. Maryann P. DiEdwardo

MODEL
“…Music made it easier to connect with the literature. I came to class excited and ready to do assignments and projects. It is easy to connect modern music we know to literature that we aren’t too aware of. It was really easy to do papers and I enjoyed that…. Reading poetry, fiction, and drama improved because I understand better through music.”

“Music helped me develop a mental process for expression. Music improved my ability to put ideas down and made me use more dynamic sentence structure development. It made it easier to write a thesis. I was better able to develop strong independent paragraphs. I think I am better able to comprehend what I read. My research paper writing skills have improved.”

Student Comment – English I

“Relating music to different subjects kept my interest and let me be free. I do more research now because relating music to other subjects compels me to do research. …. I think that music in the college classroom is a great idea. It’s fun to work with.”

Student Comment – English I

The song “If You’re Gone” by Rob Thomas from the album Mad Season relates thematically to William Shakespeare’s Sonnet 18:

“Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?

Thou art more lovely and more temperate...

So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,

So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.”

Example 1: Sonnets

Strategy #1 - Use same songs, same language, same strategies.

Strategy #2 - Pre-writing - literacy narrative, free-writing about music, who am I in my music.

Strategy #3 – Music lyrics in journal helped students learn research process.

Strategy #4 - Music in writing process.

Strategy #5 - Personal transformation is central to thesis design.

Cognitive Thinking and Literature/Music Connection

Learning Paradigm

Socratic Method

Aristotle “Art is Imitation”

Platonic Methodology

Web Based Portfolio

Models and Frameworks

Music brings positive effect to the classroom
Sensory integration for long term memory
Releases stress and instills excitement
Music instruction aids overall academic achievement
Enhances creativity
Improves self-esteem and develops social skills
Increases perceptual motor skill development and psychomotor development

Mozart Effect

Don Campbell: music’s effect on brain waves

Din phenomenon

Johns Hopkins Professor of Psychiatry Dr. Kay Redfield Jamison, in Exuberance,
The Passion for Life: “Music … transforms” (New York: Random House, 2004, pages 156-158.)

Why Use Music?

Students’ grades?
Attendance?
Writing process?
Reading comprehension?
Word processing?
Research paper writing?

Can playing music in the classroom improve …

Student Comment - English II

Identify transformational educational goals.
Determine transformation in students.
Organize into musical contextual framework.
Music and context of literature relate through the writing process with necessary number of curriculum activities including journaling, groups, technology and processfolio.

Musicality Contextual Framework Design Sequence

In English I: Use of modern music stimulated students to think beyond just the textbook.
In English II: Importance of transformation went beyond the basic skills of critical reading and writing. Transformation was vital in the development of the student as thinker and doer.

The Results

“Where is the Love” by the Black-Eyed Peas prepares students to write about poet Langston Hughes.


Example 3: Harlem Renaissance

Listen to music in the classroom.

Use music to prepare students to write.

Use single line excerpts in essays.

Reach students through lyrics.

Help students feel connections to the classroom.

Using Music in the Classroom

Synthesis

Self-efficacy

“Music transforms, synthesizes two intelligences and offers a breakthrough in reaching multicultural communities” Montgomery Community College Technology Fair, DiEdwardo, 2004.

Capstone


Participation precedes knowledge
Multiple Intelligence Theory

Pythagoras: Music of the Spheres
Writing Process Theory

Why Use Music?

Problem focused on lack of motivation of students.

Causes of lack of motivation.

Using popular culture to stimulate students to learn.

Statement of Problem

Cognitive study
Concepts design heuristics
Juxtaposition of music and literature create synthesis
Transformation – definition
Bilateral asymmetry of brain hemispheres
Influence of musical intelligence

Introduction


diedwardo7@gmail.com



Questions and Answers

Howard Gardner
Hobbs Professor of Education and Cognition
Harvard Graduate School of Education

“Hi and thanks for sending me your study. Very worthwhile. The next step is to figure out why you got the effects that you did. Is music motivational? …. Lots to think about.”


Comment from a Colleague

A positive response to the pairing of music and linguistic intelligences:
student writes about Tolkien and Led Zeppelin.


Example 2: Literary Concept

Maryann P. DiEdwardo, Ed.D.

Pairing Music and Linguistic Intelligences in
Traditional, Enhanced and Virtual College English Classrooms
Full transcript