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Brave New World
Transcript of Brave New World
Brave new world is a novel set in the future. It shows a government that has tried to make an entirely happy society. To create this happiness they mass produce people using science and condition them to only want what will benefit them in whatever work they are going to be sent to do. People are conditioned this way so they are unable to think as individuals. The main characters in the novel are able think for themselves and as a result are unhappy in this society.
What is Freedom?
Literary Devices of "Brave New World"
Not such a "Brave" world after all
Despite the fact that the "Brave New World" is stable, citizens of the new world state unwittingly live overpowered by science and technology.
-> Plot line and chapter summaries
-> Artwork and it's connection to the novel
-> Main characters of the novel
-> Literary terms and how they were used in the novel
-> A modern day Connection
-> Multiple themes
Everything has a price
No Need for Excess Work
As a result of their upbringing, the characters in
Brave New World
will only strive for the bare minimum and do not know how to deal with unpleasant things in the world that surrounds them.
-> Main male character
-> Finds the savage while on a date with Lenina
-> Said to have alcohol put into his test tube before birth
-> Slightly odd
-> Alpha Plus
-> Main Protagonist
-> Main girl character in the novel
-> Believes in everything the Brave New World stands for
-> Has a crush on the Savage
John and Linda
-> Son of Linda
-> Large role in
-> Against The
Brave New World
-> Wants to marry
-> Friend of
-> Mother of John
-> Was once a Beta Plus
-> Was impregnated by the Director of Hatcheries and Conditioning
-> Sent to live on the reserve
-> Opposite of the ideal human being
->Friend of Bernard
-> More intellectual
-> More courageous
-> Becomes a friend of the Savage
-> Bernard's foil
-> One of the 10 World directors
-> Director of England
-> Used to be too open minded
-> Believes in the Brave New World
-> Antagonist of the novel
-> Controls how people are made
-> Controls the jobs people do
-> Controls their attributes
-> "The lower caste, said Mr Foster, 'The shorter the oxygen.' The first organ affected was the brain. After that the skeleton. At seventy percent of normal oxygen you got dwarfs. (Huxley, 14)"
They also determine the length of a person's lifespan..
"...'Soma may make you lose a few years in time.' the doctor went on. 'But think of the enormous, immeasurable durations it can give you out of time. Every soma-holiday is a bit of what our ancestors used to call eternity." (Huxley, 154)
"The giving of hints and clues of what is going to happen in the rest of a story, or in the future."
-> Story form the D.H.C about his girlfriend and his visit to the reservation.
-> Later on we find out this "girlfriend" was Linda
-> Foreshadows the information that will be used against the D.H.C
Tone and Mood
Tone: The specific words that the author chooses to evoke a reaction from the reader.
-> End of the novel when John hands himself
-> This tone is known as despondency
-> Leaves the reader feeling unsatisfied and can also be seen as clinical.
Mood: The reaction from the tone, but can also be created from the setting as well.
-> Page 258, The savage is visited by a group of people from civilized London
-> Leaves reader with an unsettling feeling
Irony: The use of words to suggest a ameanign that is opposite to it's literal meaning.
-> "Park Lane Hospital for the Dying" (Huxley, 208)
-> Ironic since we consider hospitals a place to get better
Imagery: The use of words to create a mental picture
-> Grey and depressing throughout the novel
-> " Slowly, very slowly, like two unhurried compass needles, the feet turned towards the right"
Alliteration: The deliberate repetition of consonant sounds.
-> Ch 1, P 6&7
-> "Chilled, chilled and checked"
-> "...consequently burgeoned again and having budded-bud out of bud out of bud..."
Onomatopoeia can also be found...
-> "... Whizz and then, click" (Huxley, 9)
Metaphor: A direct comparison, not using like or as, when one this is said to be another.
-> "...'this hive of industry.' as the director was fond of calling it, was in full buzz of work." (Huxley, 146)
-> Director referring to the building as a colony of bees.
Simile: A comparison using like or as.
-> "... like swines about trough."
-> Compares the people to pigs
"Getting rid of everything unpleasant instead of learning to put up with it" (Huxley, 191)
"... there aren't any flies or mosquitoes to sting you. We got rid of them all centuries ago." (Huxley,191)
" 'I would sweep the floors if you wanted.' 'But we've got vacuum cleaners here' " (Huxley,154)
-> Begins with Director of Hatcheries and Conditioning
-> Explains the processes used to create people
-> Demonstrate how they condition Delta Babies
-> View children taking part in erotic play
-> Meet Mustapha Mond
-> Speaks of the past to the young students
-> Introduced to Lenina and Bernard
-> Discuss their upcoming trip to visit the savage reservation
-> A feeling of both being outsiders is
depicted strongly between Helmhotz
-> Bernard attends Solidarity service (resembles church)
-> Praise Henry Ford
-> This escalates to dancing, singing and eventually an orgy.
->Plot jumps to Lenina remembering her first date with Bernard
-> Jumps back to Bernard who is asking permission to go to the Savage reserve
-> Director tells hims a story of when he was last there
-> Threatens to relocate Bernard to Iceland
-> Lenina and Bernard visit the savages
-> Meet John and Linda
-> Invites John and Linda to come live in the civilized world with them
-> Find out John in secretly in
love with Lenina
-> Bernard is called upon by the Director
-> Director announces Bernard is being relocated to Iceland
-> Linda and John enter
-Make a large scene
-> Plots moves ahead to Bernard teaching John how to live in a civilized state
-> John and Bernard become famous
-> Linda lays in bed all day eating Soma
-> Lenina takes John to the Feelies
-> Large party which John refuses to
-> Helmholtz and John become good friends
-> Lenina attempts to seduce John, however
is confuse when he speaks of
-> Linda is in the hospital dieing
-> John goes to visit her
-> Group of Bokanovsky twins enter while death conditioning
-> Causes situation to escalate
-> Linda dies
-> John leaves when the nurse yells at him
-> John rebels while some lower caste workers are receiving their soma rations
-> Get arrested and sent to Mustapha Mond
-> Mond explains why old things are prohibited
-> Speaks of his past
-> Explains that Helmholtz and Bernard are being sent away because they do not belong
-> Helmholtz and Bernard leave for the island
-> John moves to and abandoned light house
-> Lifestyle is for self punishment
-> Whips himself
-> Becomes a large attraction
-> John hangs himself after having whipped Lenina
Freedom is not truly free, it costs you your ignorance, your happiness or your life.
“’…what would it be like if I could, if I were free – not enslaved by my conditioning.’ ‘But, Bernard, you’re saying the most awful things.’ ‘Don’t you wish you were free, Lenina?’ “I don’t know what you mean I am free. Free to have the most wonderful time. Everybody’s happy nowadays.’ He laughed ‘yes, everybody’s happy nowadays. We begin giving the children that at five. But wouldn’t you like to be happy in some other way, Lenina? In your own way, for example; not in everybody else’s way.’ ‘I do not know what you mean,’ she repeated.” (Huxley, 91)
"Linda had been a slave, Linda had died; others should live in freedom, and the world be made beautiful, a reparation, a duty. And suddenly it was luminously clear to the savage what he must do; it was as though a shudder had been opened and a curtain drawn back.” (Huxley, 210)
“’Don’t you want to be free men? Don’t you even understand what manhood and freedom are?’ Rage was making him fluent; the words came easily, in a rush. ‘Don’t you?’ he repeated, but got no answer to his question. ‘Very well then,’ he went on grimly. ‘I’ll teach you; I’ll make you be free whether you want to or not.’ And pushing open a window that looked on to the inner court of the Hospital, he began to throw the little pill-boxes of soma tablets in handfuls out into the area. (Huxley, 213)
•World state vs. Savage Reservations
•Savage reservations are originally from the civilized world
•World state is a controlled and sterile society
•Bernard and Lenina travel to Reservation and were shocked from what they witnessed, which is also the same reaction John had when he travelled to the world state
•As homeland security controls what comes into the country, just as the world state does with the outside world
The cheapness of sexual pleasure and human impulse is a primary source of happiness.
Well, if that’s the case,” said Fanny, with decision, “why don’t you just go and take him. Whether he wants it or not.” (p.28)
“Half an hour later, three Delta-Minus land workers from one of the Puttenham Bokanovsky Groups happened to be driving Elstead and, at the top of the hill, were astonished to see a young man standing outside the abandoned light house stripped to the waste and hitting himself with a whip of knotted cords.” (248)
“‘Once,’ he went on, ‘I did something that none of the others did: I stood against a rock in the middle of the day, in summer, with my arms out, like Jesus on the cross.’" (137)