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Transcript of Tolerance
1994 Rwanda, Africa Cambodian Genocide 1975-1979 With macabre bureaucratic precision the Kmer Rouge photographed their victims before torturing and killing them. This picture is all that remains of a mother and child murdered in Tuol Sleng Prison sometime between 1975 and 1979. Genocide in Bosnia 1992-1995 The Holocaust 1933-1945 Genocide of Darfur 2004-2013 Mexico's Drug War Baja California, Guerrero, Chihuahua, Michoacan, Tamaulipas, Nuevo Leon, Sinaloa, Jalisco Hit men from Mexico's drug gangs are breaking traditional codes of honor by killing children in a chilling new chapter of a narcotics war that President Felipe Calderon is struggling to control. Child Soldiers Uganda, Africa Blood Diamonds Sierra Leon, Liberia, Cote d'Ivoire They say "Diamonds are forever," but Hands for Africa says human lives and human limbs aren't. Consider Maria, an 8-month-old baby girl in Sierra Leone. In an act of unfathomable cruelty, her arm was hacked off by the "rebel" terrorists of the Revolutionary United Front (RUF). The RUF mob sought to impose its will on Sierra Leone by chopping off thousands of civilian hands, feet and ears. Thousands more people have simply been slaughtered and left to rot in village streets. Men, women, children, civilian, soldier; it makes no difference to the rebels that were supported by these conflict diamonds purchased by the united states and the rest of the western world. Taliban Oppression Pakistan & Afghanistan While in power in Afghanistan, the Taliban has become notorious internationally for their oppressive treatment of women:
-Afghan women are forced to wear the burqa (full body covering) at all times in public, because, according to one Taliban spokesman, "the face of a woman is a source of corruption" for men not related to them.
-Women are not allowed to work.
-Women are not allowed to be educated after the age of eight. Women seeking an education are forced to attend underground schools, where they and their teachers risk execution if caught.
-Women are not allowed to be treated by male doctors, unless accompanied by a male chaperone, which has led to illnesses remaining untreated.
-Women face public flogging (beating/whipping) and execution for violations of the Taliban's laws.
-The Taliban allows and in some cases encourages marriage for girls under the age of 16. Amnesty International reported that 80 percent of Afghan marriages were considered to be arranged by force.
The Taliban's War Against Women
Report on the Taliban's War Against Women
BUREAU OF DEMOCRACY, HUMAN RIGHTS AND LABOR
November 17, 2001
The day was much like any other. For the young Afghan mother, the only difference was that her child was feverish and had been for some time and needed to see a doctor. But simple tasks in Taliban-controlled Afghanistan today are not that easy.
The mother was alone and the doctor was across town. She had no male relative to escort her. To ask another man to do so would be to risk severe punishment. To go on her own meant that she would risk flogging.
Because she loved her child, she had no choice. Donning the tent-like burqa as Taliban law required, she set out, cradling her child in her arms. She shouldn't have.
As they approached the market, she was spotted by a teenage Taliban guard who tried to stop her. Intent on saving her child, the mother ignored him, hoping that he would ignore her. He didn't. Instead he raised his weapon and shot her repeatedly. Both mother and child fell to the ground. They survived because bystanders in the market intervened to save them. The young Taliban guard was unrepentent -- fully supported by the regime. The woman should not have been out alone.
This mother was just another casualty in the Taliban war on Afghanistan's women, a war that began 5 years ago when the Taliban seized control of Kabul. Darfur is a region in Sudan, Africa, that had a population of approximately 6 million people prior to 2003. Due to neglect by the government, Darfur has been the target of genocide (deliberate killing of a large group of people) by the Khartoum government.
On September 9th 2004, United States Secretary of State Colin Powell said the Darfur conflict was genocide, and called it the worst humanitarian crisis of the 21st century. This is the first time the US has ever declared genocide while the genocide was still happening. The genocide is racial-based, because the Muslim Arab Sudanese are killing the Muslim Black Sudanese, by way of the Arab militia (known as the Janjaweed) and the Sudanese Army.
Since the genocide began in 2003, an estimated 400,000 people have died directly or indirectly from the attacks. The violence is conducted so that when the Janjaweed enter the village on camelback or horseback, they cause as much terror as possible: gang raping women and children, destroying homes and buildings, and shooting men and anyone who tries to escape. Approximately 3 million people have survived the attacks, but are displaced (forced out) to Internally Displaced Persons camps. Essential Questions:
What is our responsibility to others suffering from injustice?
How might one honor that responsibility? In April 1992, the government of the Yugoslav republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina declared its independence from Yugoslavia. Over the next several years, Bosnian Serb forces, with the backing of the Serb-dominated Yugoslav army, targeted both Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) and Croatian civilians for atrocious crimes resulting in the deaths of some 100,000 people (80 percent Bosniak) by 1995. It was the worst act of genocide since the Nazi regime's destruction of some 6 million European Jews during World War II. Pol Pot seized control of Cambodia beginning in the capital city of Phnom Penh. His ideas were that Western culture, religion, foreign influences should be extinguished to form an extreme peasant communism. Foreigners would be expelled, embassies closed, foreign economic or medical assistance was refused, use of foreign languages banned, TV and newspapers were shut down, even money was forbidden, education halted, and thus Cambodia was sealed off from the rest of the world.
Pol pot eliminated the old society which included the educated, the wealthy, Buddhist monks, police, doctors, lawyers, teacher, and former government officials. Cambodians who were accustomed to city life were forced to work in the fields while many died of working long hours, malnutrition and disease. Anyone who was suspected to be disloyal to Pol Pot was killed.
Cambodian Genocide Rwanda’s population of more than 7 million people is divided into three ethnic groups: the Hutu (who made up roughly 85% of the population), the Tutsi (14%) and the Twa (1%).
On April 6, 1994, the deaths of the Presidents of Burundi and Rwanda in a plane crash caused by a rocket attack, ignited several weeks of intense and systematic massacres. The killings - as many as 1 million people are estimated to have perished - shocked the international community and were clearly acts of genocide. An estimated 150,000 to 250,000 women were also raped. These acts of genocide were committed by Hutu extremist, who held resentment towards the Tutsis for past conflicts. Museum of Tolerance Los Angeles, California *Nevada has the lowest high school graduation rate of any state in the nation, according to data released by the U.S. Education Department.
*Nevada’s teens experience the highest teen pregnancy rate in the country as well as high AIDS and STI rates, and forty-three percent of Nevada’s high school students report already having had sex (advocatesforyouth.org).
*Gang violence and activity is on the rise in Nevada.
*At 9.7%, Nevada has the highest unemployment rate in the country (http://www.bls.gov).
*Nearly 16 million children in the United States – 22% of all children – live in families with incomes below the federal poverty level (http://www.nccp.org). Nevada is among the top states with the highest number of people living in poverty. On this virtual field trip you traveled around the world. On your journey you visited many different countries that have experienced or are experiencing grave injustices. In the face of adversity and hardship it is easy to become overwhelmed; many people become paralyzed by grief and terror. However, on this trip you met people who decided to take a stand against the inflicted suffering of others and are promoting peace and tolerance. These people did not have magical powers or super-human strength; they are just ordinary people who chose not to be a bystander. Areas of Concern for Nevada What will you choose? In the words of Elie Wiesel (a Holocaust survivor), "Human suffering anywhere concerns men and women everywhere... Our lives no longer belong to us alone; they belong to all those who need us desperately." What can you do to help those
who need you desperately? Reflect and Apply! Museum of Tolerance Jerusalem Israel Tolerance: a fair, objective, and permissive attitude toward opinions, race, religion, sexuality, nationality, practices,etc., that are different from one's own. The Holocaust was the systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of approximately six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators. "Holocaust" is a word of Greek origin meaning "sacrifice by fire." The Nazis, who came to power in Germany in January 1933, believed that Germans were "racially superior" and that the Jews, deemed "inferior," were an alien threat to the so-called German racial community.
During the era of the Holocaust, German authorities also targeted other groups because of their perceived "racial inferiority": Roma (Gypsies), the disabled, and some of the Slavic peoples (Poles, Russians, and others). Other groups were persecuted on political, ideological, and behavioral grounds, among them Communists, Socialists, Jehovah's Witnesses, and homosexuals. In total it is believed that between 11-12 million people were murdered during the Holocaust.