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13 - Taking Notes

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Michael Shampine (Personal)

on 27 October 2016

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Transcript of 13 - Taking Notes

Taking Notes from Lectures and Texts
Objectives:
1. How being active during study helps recall
2. When and how to mark a textbook
4. The "Cornell Method" of note taking
3. When and how to summarize
5. When and how to take notes in outline format
6. When and how to take notes in map format
Photo Courtesy of Cornell University
Objective #1 - Being active enhances study
These note-taking activities can help recall:
Marking text
Making study cards
Annotating
Summarizing
Outlining
Mapping
The more you do, the more you'll learn
Good note taking is critical to college success
Objective #2 -
When and how to mark textbooks
Use it when reading text
Annotating = "marking system" for selecting ideas
When to annotate:
When reading AFTER a complete thought
Don't mark too much!
How to annotate:
Use your
own words
and
symbols
Objective #4 -
Use the "Cornell Method"
Take lecture notes ...
when speaker makes key points
Take textbook notes ...
when reading and annotating after reading
The Cornell Method ...
Possible symbols you can use:
Main idea
Minor supporting details
Possible test question
Important
Don't understand!
Major supporting details
Write questions in margin
Write notes in margin
1. Draw vertical line down paper
3. Later, add text pages, drawings, & questions (
left
)
2. Write lecture notes in large section (
right
)
Self-quiz by going back-and-forth between the 3 sections
Objective #3 -
When and how to summarize
Objective #5 -
Outline your notes
Objective #6 -
Map your notes
After lecture write here:
Page #s from text
Questions you have
Diagrams
Please take out a clean piece of loose leaf paper and follow the directions that follow.
1. Draw a line here.


Cornell Method of note taking
5. Write summary (
bottom
) -
4. Draw horizontal line across paper to make inverted "T"
2. Draw another line here.
Summary =
When to summarize:
1. When you have a reading assignment
2. When asked to submit a summary of a reading assignment
How to summarize:
1. Use
YOUR OWN
words
2. Use
QUOTES
(" ") and cite author to avoid plagiarizing
3.
PURPOSE
of the summary determines how you summarize
4. Be
BRIEF
& shorter the the selection
short way to state
main idea
& supporting
details
Outlining =
Note taking using numbers, letters,
indents
, words, and phrases to capture key issues of a selection
When to outline:
1. When reading textbook chapter material
2. When listening to a speaker
How to outline:
1. Adopt the standard form for outlining
2. Important items are closest to
LEFT
3. Less significant items are farthest to
RIGHT
Standard Outline Format
Mapping =
using a graphic or visual display of what was read or heard
When to map
1. When reading
2. When listening
How to map - use a mix of any desired shapes
1. Draw square/circle in center
2. Write topic inside square/circle
3. Write main ideas supporting the topic on lines radiating from square/circle
4. Write major & minor details on lines attached to each main idea line
After lecture, write a summary of notes on page here
Your Brain is a Code-cracking Machine!
For emaxlpe, it deson’t mttaer in waht oredr the ltteers in a wrod aepapr, the olny iprmoatnt tihng is taht the frist and lsat ltteer are in the rghit pcale. The rset can be a toatl mses and you can sitll raed it wouthit pobelrm.
S1M1L4RLY, EEVN WEHN UNISG UEPPR CSAE LTTREES AOD SOM3 NREBMUS F2R LR3TT3S, Y0UR M1ND 15 R34D1NG 7H15 4U70M471C4LLY W17H0U7 3V3N 7H1NK1NG 4B0U7 17!
if yuo cna raed tihs, yuo hvae a sgtrane mnid! Can you raed tihs? Olny 55 plepoe oyt of 100 cvn.
The point of this exercise:
spelling doesn't matter
when you're taking notes...
use your own form of shorthand
and abbreviations!
i cdnuolt blveiee taht i cluod aulaclty uesdnatnrd waht i was rdanieg! Rscheearch at Cmabrigde Uinervtisy pniots ort tke phaonmneal pweor of tke hmuan mnid asd taht it dseno’t mtaetr in waht oerdr the ltteres in a wrod are. The olny iproamtnt tihng is taht the frsit and lsat ltters be in the rghit pclae. The rset can be a taotl mses and you can sitll raed it whotuit a pboerlm. Tihs is bcuseae the huamn mnid deos not raed ervey lteter by istlef, but the wrod as a wlohe. Azanmig huh? Yaeh and I awlyas tghuhot slpeling was ipmorantt!
Key term or definition
Use a highlighter, but go
easy
!
Topic
I. Major Detail #1
A. Minor Supporting Detail #1-1
B. Minor Supporting Detail #1-2
C. Minor Supporting Detail #1-3
II. Major Detail #2
A. Minor Supporting Detail #2-1
B. Minor Supporting Detail #2-2
C. Minor Supporting Detail #2-3
III. Major Detail #3
A. Minor Supporting Detail #3-1
B. Minor Supporting Detail #3-2
C. Minor Supporting Detail #3-3
1. Minor Supporting Detail #3-3-1
2. Minor Supporting Detail #3-3-2
a. Minor Supporting Detail #3-3-2-1
b. Minor Supporting Detail #3-3-2-2
Next Class ... Test
It is the
first
& most basic step in study reading
Select important ideas as you read
focuses on
main ideas
and supporting
details
5. Usually a
SINGLE
paragraph in length.
Advantage:
provides concise notes for later study
Advantage:
organizes concepts and thoughts for essays
4. Leave out insignificant details or "fillers"
Reducing Stress
Assess your stressors
Change your responses
Learn to cope
"Downshift"
recognize what stresses you
evaluate how it effects you
change the circumstances
requires practice & emotional control
what's gained from my response?
we cope differently
use "stress inoculation"
lower standards
introspect
goals?
plans? (short-long)
finances?
Advantages:
1. Quick reference for over viewing
2. Stimulates behavior from prior knowledge
3. Helps emphasize relationships between ideas
4. Helps recall
Before the test, practice note-taking ...
We've studied these methods of taking notes:
Cornell
Outlining
Mapping
Select your preferred method from above for this practice and upcoming test.
1. Read the following article and practice taking notes on it.
It includes a theory portion and a
note taking exercise on an article.
List supporting details
Good reference notes for future
Always use
your own
words
Organizes thoughts for essay writing
(Write in words, phrases;
NO SENTENCES!
)
How to map an article
Developed in 1950's ...
uses 3 sections: cue, notetaking, & summary
Cue
Notes
Summary
Write notes here
in outline or map format.
2. Then, check your answers on one of the next slides to see how you did. We'll do a
similar thing
on the test!
( T )
Listen to the article being read as we map it
(schema)
prepare ahead
Full transcript