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Unit 8 Assignment 2 (P2 M2) - Know the rules and regulations of selected team sports DJL

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DARREN LOCKE

on 9 February 2015

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Transcript of Unit 8 Assignment 2 (P2 M2) - Know the rules and regulations of selected team sports DJL

TASK
Know the rules, laws and regulations of a selected sport.
Do we use the same rules now as we did when the game was first played?

Assignment 2

Know the rules and regulations of selected team sports

To achieve the criteria the evidence must show that the student is able to:

P2 describe the rules and regulations of two different team sports, and apply them to three different situations for each sport

M2 explain the application of the rules and regulations, of two different team sports, in three different situations for each sport


Scenario
The Sport Road Show is going well and the SSP have asked if you will extend it to more schools in the area.

The club is happy with this as they have already recruited over 10 new members.

The format is working well although you decide to improve it even more by doing a quick section on the rules and regulations as well.

The SSP think this is a great idea and ask if you could produce something for them on the rules & regulations that they could issues to all their schools. This will help them when they introduce the sport to the children for the first time.


Officials are essential to the success of sports at all levels, from the international stage to local Sunday league game.

For sport to develop, people must be encouraged to referee or umpire competitive matches.
Officials apply rules of the game and maintain health and safety.
Sport is constantly evolving; rules and law changes are common, this is to improve the safety of sport and the experience for participants, spectators and officials.
Greater enjoyment and excitement levels increase a sport’s popularity and provide the media with better drama.
Governing bodies realise that the more exciting their sport is, the more marketable it is and more likely to gain greater media coverage.
Sport is a physical activity that is governed by rules and customs and may involve competition with other performers or teams.

Because of its competitive nature, officials are essential in ensuring that the published rules, as set out by the governing bodies, are implemented fairly and objectively.
Definition
So why do we need rules, regulations and officials in sport?
Cover matters ranging from the affiliation of clubs with a league.
Dealing with misconduct of players/coaches/management on and off the field.
Defining 'match' rules and defining specific competition regulations.
Examples?
If so why?
If so, does it make the sport better as a result?

Understanding the role of officials helps us to appreciate their importance for sport.
In groups, discuss the main roles of officials. Consider which skills make them successful and how you can develop them yourself.
Rules and regulations in Football
As published by governing body...

The rules and regulations of any sport are usually written, enforced and amended by its national governing body (NGB). Rules and regulations can also be set by an international sports federation (ISF).

Rules are there to ensure that participants are safe and that the sport is played fairly. They define how a team or player can win.
It is common for national governing bodies or international sports federations to amend or change rules as they aim to improve their sports.
Football is played by two teams of 11 players and lasts 90 minutes with a break after 15 minutes. The purpose of the game is to kick or head the ball into the opposition’s goal (only the goalkeeper may use his hands and only in the permitted area) and the team with the highest number of goals is declared the winner. If the scores are level or no goals are scored the match is considered a draw. Some competitions will use extra time or penalty kicks to decide a winner if the scores are level after 90
Basic rules and laws of the game
Court/pitch layout
Different sports can be played on a number of different surfaces which can effect performance and tactics.

Officials must ensure that the surface is suitable for sport and the correct dimensions.
The dimensions of the playing surface are clearly stated by the governing body and a breach of these can invalidate the competition. For example, an Olympic size pool is defined as 50 metres in length and all international competitions will use this as a standard.
Fouls and sanctions
It is the responsibility of officials to ensure that the rules or laws of the sport are correctly applied. If the rules are broken then it is normal for the official to recognise foul play and punish the offending team or player. This punishment may include:

Awarding points to the opposition

Awarding possession to the opposition

Cautioning a player or team

Awarding a free kick or free throw

Removing a player from the field of play

Suspending a player from future matches

Fining a player or team
Justify why?
Justify why?
Time
Most team sports have time constraints for example football is split over two 45 minute halves and basketball can have 'timeouts'.
Number of players
Is it an individual sport such as golf?

Is it a team sport such as cricket or football?

Or can it be played by both such as badminton/golf?
Substitutions
The officials must always check that each team has the correct number of players before competition starts. Most sports now allow for substitutions during a match for tactical reasons or to replace an injured player and officials must always know when a player leaves or enters the field of play to ensure that the correct number are always participating.
Facilities and Equipment
It is the responsibility of the officials to ensure that the facilities and equipment are suitable for competition prior to the sport starting. For example:
Appropriate footwear (studs/spikes)

Protective equipment (cricket pads/helmets)

Goalposts
Justify why?
Scoring
Every sport has a different scoring system designed to identify the winning team or player.

How do you score:

Put the ball in the back of the net?

Shoot through the hoop?

Put the ball in the hole?
Some sports will give different amounts of points dependent on where the ball goes or where the player took the shot from. For example, in cricket it is possible for a player to score between one and six runs per ball.
Safety
It is the responsibility of the officials to ensure that all participants are safe at all times before, during and after a game. Before a match officials should check that players have removed all jewellery and that long hair is tied back. Players who are wearing any form of jewellery or lack the necessary protective equipment should not be allowed to enter the field of play under any circumstances.
Many rules are designed to protect players from injury and if foul play is witnessed this should be dealt with according to the laws of the game.
Justify why?
Method of Victory
Victory in sport is normally awarded to the team or player with the highest score at the end of the match and can be measured in points or goals. However, extra time may be used if the scores are identical at the end of normal time or a penalty shoot out may be used to find a clear winner. Some sports such as marathon running will use time to decide a winner;
Sports rules and regulations

Rules and/or regulations that are publicly agreed upon sets of principles, policies, criteria, descriptions and/or conducts governing a sport or physical activity for reasons of safety, sportsmanship, equipment or facility design, and competitiveness.
2
Task 1

The first bit is easy……as you can apply the rules and regulations during the game bit at the end of each session. To make sure you do this well it is important you apply the rules & regulations in at least 3 different situations (P2)

The second bit is a bit trickier…..but you have been given flexibility as to how you approach this – as long as you describe the rules and regulations you applied (P2)

Your first session (using the new format) goes well. At the end, when you are having a quick evaluation with the children, one of them tells you that he/she didn’t understand some of the rules & regulations you applied during the game.

Task 2

You decide the best thing to do is explain why you applied the rules & regulations the way you did in at least 3 of the situations (M2)

You’re well pleased now that you have been working on a series of activities on your BTEC Sport course that will help you here. You are also considering taking up a bit of refereeing/umpiring as well……it looks like you are a natural!

NB – the learners need to achieve the above criteria in two different team sports – although they should be allowed flexibility as to which two team sports they chose.
Learning Outcomes
Learning Outcomes
What must you include in your assignment?
Decide how you are going to present your work:
Read the Scenario:

The SSP think this is a great idea and ask if you could produce something for them on the rules & regulations that they could issues to all their schools. This will help them when they introduce the sport to the children for the first time.


For example if your sport is Basketball:
What is the aim/object of the game?
How do you score?
Are there different points for scoring?
What are the court dimension, include a diagram labeled
How do you start a game?
What happens after you score?
How many players are there?
What positions are there?
What is a free throw and when are they used in game?
What are the court dimensions (Three point line, Foul line, Hoop & backboard.
Describe the basic fouls (double dribble, traveling, contact)
How many fouls can you make, before you leave the game?
Assignment 2 Part 2

Today's Objective:

Students will learn how the rules and regulations of their sports are applied to the different situations that might occur during a game
Prior to starting today's lesson, lets reminder ourselves where we are up to in relation to the BIGGER PICTURE?
U8 Practical Team Sports Bigger Picture
Assignment 1 (P1/P3/M1)
Describe the Key Skills, Techniques and Tactics of 2 team Sports

SUBMITTED
Assignment 2 (P2/M2)
Part 1 - Describe the key rules and regulations for 2 team sports, by providing 2 leaflets for the junior players
DUE FOR SUBMISSION TODAY!
Assignment 3 (P4/M3/D1)
Be able to assess own performance in selected team sports
Assignment 4 (P5/M4/D2)
Be able to assess the performance of teams in selected team sports
Part 2 -
Describe the rules and regulations of two different team sports, and apply them to three different situations for each sport
STARTING TODAY!
Now we are up to date lets get back to today's lesson!
So lets remind ourselves of some of the key's words you must understand to be successful in this task?

I would like you in your own words to define the following:

Situation:
Rule/Regulations:
Laws:

You have 5 minutes!
Situation:
The combination of circumstances at a given moment;

Rule:

Rules and/or regulations that are publicly agreed upon sets of principles, policies, criteria, descriptions and/or conducts governing a sport or physical activity for reasons of safety, sportsmanship, equipment or facility design, and competitiveness.

Laws:

Law is a system of rules that are enforced by a governing body to govern behavior of the activities participants.

Whilst most of us know the rules and regulations of our favourite sports, many participants from amateur to professional levels fail to apply the rules of that sport correctly depending upon the situation, sometimes occasionally, sometimes often!

Even those whose job it is to apply the rules (Officials) get it wrong!

In front of you, you have an envelope containing cards which detail
a Sport, a Situation, a Rule Broken and a Penalty Applied
, i would like you to sort them and attempt to link them together!

You have 8 to complete in total! 5 mins - GO!
Easy, lets see how you got on?
Now I'm going to up the challenge, you are going to watch three clips from three different sports, based upon the situation in each i would like you to tell me what the rules state should happen and how the outcome can change depending upon how the situation develops.

If you don't know you will have to research the rules of that sport using the internet.
We will do the first together!

The score of the player throwing the darts shall only be counted once all three darts have been thrown and landed on the board, should any of the darts fall from the board when a dart is thrown then that score will not be counted.
Your on your own this time!
A player is in an offside position if, when the ball is played by a team-mate, they are nearer to the opposition's goal line than both the ball and the second last opponent.

You can't be offside if:
• You receive the ball directly from a goal kick, a throw-in or a corner
• You are in your own half of the pitch
• You are level with the second last or last two opponents
• You are level with or behind the ball
• You are not actively involved in play, as explained above

For any offside offence, the referee awards an indirect free-kick to the opposing team, to be taken from the place where the infringement occurred.


The last one is a tough one as there are many connotations as to what could happen?

Watch the video carefully as you will be given a full five minutes to answer this one!
KICK-OFF

Before the start of the match, the referee tosses a coin to decide which team will kick off the match.

The captain of the team that wins the toss gets to decide which end he wants to attack first, or whether his side or the opposition will kick off.

The game is started by a place kick or a drop kick from the middle of the halfway line.

The ball must travel forwards at least 10 metres from the kick-off. If it does not, the opposition get the choice of a scrum or line-out on the halfway line, with the advantage of the feed or throw.

If a penalty or drop goal is scored during the game, play is restarted with a drop kick from the halfway line. The team that has conceded the points takes the kick.

Question, if one of the opposition was to have caught that ball and gone on to score a try, what would have happened then?
So, now that we understand how situations during a game can change the decisions that are made by official's according to the rules, i would now like you to start the second part of assignment 2!

L.O. Know the rules and regulations of selected team sports

To achieve the criteria the evidence must show that the student is able to:

P2 describe the rules and regulations of two different team sports, and apply them to three different situations for each sport (ALL)

M2 explain the application of the rules and regulations, of two different team sports, in three different situations for each sport (MOST)


What will be the format for your evidence?

I would like this work to be added to the leaflets that you have already started for assignment 2 part 1, you will probably need to add an additional sheet for each situation. Remember that it is for teenagers and must be presented in an interesting format, but must include all of the necessary information for them to be fully informed and to understand the decisions made by the officials as they play!
Finally remember the difference between the 2 key words in the assessment task:

Describe (PASS)
"Talk about the basic details given. In English if it says 'describe' use quotes when talking about the subject given. Say what the thing is like."
&
Explain (MERIT)
"Backing up what you say with evidence and going into a lot of detail why you are saying this.
In English if the question says 'explain' don't say something unless you can back it up with substantial detail."

GOOD LUCK!
Reminder's
I am concerned that some of you may have chosen to review situations that may appear easy, however the key is to ensure that you review the situation from all sides, both attacking and defending, also how does a change in circumstance or perceived outcome affect the rules that are applied.

Take handball in football, you would need to consider the following:
Deliberate / Accidental
Stop play / Play on
First offense
Yellow card / Red Card
Free Kick / Penalty

Some what appears a simple rule to explain has many differing outcomes! Depending upon the circumstances within a situation!
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