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The History of English

a ppt for special lecture of 영재교육원
by

Yi Jen Chen

on 1 August 2016

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Transcript of The History of English

The History of English
The history of English is strongly related to history; it develops as the history moves forward.
2002 March
(cc) image by jantik on Flickr
AD450-
Old English
C1828-Present
Late Modern English
C1476-
Early Modern English
2002 March
(cc) image by jantik on Flickr
C1150-
Middle English
William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy, invades and conquers England.
English replaces Latin as the language of instruction in most schools.
English replaces French as the language of law.
English is used in Parliament for the first time.
Shakespeare is born.
Table Alphabeticall, the first English dictionary, is published.
Samuel Johnson publishes his English dictionary.
Britain abandons its colonies in what is later to become the USA.
Webster publishes his American English dictionary.
The British Broadcasting Corporation is founded.
The Oxford English Dictionary is published.
Old English(450-1100 AD)
The invading Germanic tribes spoke similar languages, which in Britain developed into what we now call Old English.
About half of the most commonly used words in Modern English have Old English roots. The words
be, strong and water
, for example, derive from Old English. Old English was spoken until around 1100.
Middle English (1100-1500)
William the Conqueror invaded in 1066.
French was brought by the Normans (the new conquerors)
The language was used by Royal court and became the one spoken by ruling and business class.
Linguistic Class Division: English vs. French
English with many French words added became dominant in the 14th century and is called Middle English.
Modern English (1500 - Present)
The Great Vowel Shift
Early Modern English(1500-1800)
More frequent contact with people around the world
The Renaissance of Classical learning
The invention of printing standardized the use of English
1604, first English dictionary was published
Late Modern English (1800-present)
A Table Alphabeticall
400 years old!!
He wrote 37 plays and 154
sonnets during his life. Even
though he died in the 17th
Century, his plays were not
recognised until the 19th
century when the Victorians
picked up on his works.
Icon of the era - William Shakespeare (1564-1616)
Main difference between the early Modern English and the late Modern English is
vocabulary.
Industrial Revolution and technology
British Empire
Webster's American English Dictionary (1828)
Oxford English Dictionary (1928)
differentiating American English & British English
Varieties of English
American English
the most influential due to the USA's dominance of cinema, television, popular music, trade and technology (including the Internet).
5+7=
(cc) image by anemoneprojectors on Flickr
English in different countries sound different, and the words used are different as well.
Carribbean English
American English vs. British English
An Indian Canadian talks about Indian accent
(cc) image by anemoneprojectors on Flickr
(cc) image by anemoneprojectors on Flickr
Important Figures in the History of English
Queen Elizabeth I
(1533 – 1603)
Queen Elizabeth II
(1926 -)
Queen Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria)
(1819 – 1901)
King Henry the VIII (1491-1547)
The Gettysburg Speech by
Abraham Lincoln
Differences can be found in
pronunciation (accent)
,
spelling
, and
different vocabularies for the same meaning
.

rubbish vs. trash / center vs. centre / programme vs. programe / organize vs. organise / advert
i
sement / p
a
triot / M
a
fia /
a
men /
UK vs. GB
Before we start...
What's 'Union Jack'?
what's the difference?
Old English
German
Modern English
mann
person
person
hús
haus
house
etan
essen
eat
slæpan
schlaf
sleep
Examples of old English words
Full transcript