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Transcript of Diabetes
A disease that occurs when the body is not able to use and produce sugar, as it is supposed to.
We need sugar in our bodies for energy. The sugar that supplies the energy is called glucose. Without glucose, the body wouldn't stay functioning for long, and the cells in our body would die out.
Insulin is a hormone in our bodies that is a key element for getting the glucose into our cells, so the cells can receive energy.
People with diabetes either can't create insulin, the insulin they produce isn't enough, or the insulin isn't being used properly by the cells.
Causes of diabetes
Type 1 : by genetics, and certain factors that trigger the disease
Type 2 : genetics, lifestyle factors, being over weight increases your chance of developing it, and having too many sugary foods and drinks.
The Endocrine System
islet cells and stem cells are involved in diabetes
Signs and symtoms
Tiredness and lethargy
Treatments and cures
Diabetes is currently incurable.
Type 1 diabetics must take insulin several times a day, and test their blood sugar 3 to 4 times a day for the rest of their lives.
Type 2 diabetics can control their blood sugar through a combination of diet, exercise, and oral medications. They can get to a point where they may only have to use the insulin intake medication.
90% to 95% of cases reported are type 2 diabetes
Type 1's occurrence in people under the age of 20 has risen by 23%
Drinking a can of non-diet soda a day raises your risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 22%
There are over 200,000 deaths reported each year from diabetes
As we grow older, our risks of obtaining diabetes increases
in the future
Later on, in the future, there will be new products to help test the blood concentration and their insulin intake. The products will be more accurate and easier to use. They may not even require any needles. Another thing that has been created is a pancreas transplant, or an artificial pancreas transplant.
about 1300 people with type 1 diabetes receive transplants, and after a year, 83% have no signs of diabetes, and can stop taking insulin.
Type 1 diabetes:
is also called insulin dependent diabetes, juvenile diabetes, or early onset diabetes.
Type 1 can be easily developed in a persons 40s and in the teenage years.
They must take insulin for the rest of their life through injections with a needle, and they must continue for the rest of their lives.
They must have annual blood tests.
Type 2 Diabetes
When the body doesn't produce enough insulin for the correct functioning of the body, or the cells may not react to the insulin the right way.
90% of all cases have this type of diabetes
You have a higher risk of developing the disease if you are 20 pounds of more overweight from the average weight.
Insulin is usually taken in the pill form orally.
Type 2 can get worse
Diabetes is a metabolism disorder
It is the 7th leading cause of death in the U.S.