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The Battle of Jutland

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Elysia Ouyang

on 19 February 2013

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Transcript of The Battle of Jutland

Germany GERMAN -Franz von Hipper Admirals Conflict British Empire Tactics Will Faure
Katie Fukuda
Matthew Lo
Elysia Ouyang
Lucas Wang What led to the battle? pre-1916 Scheer attacked coastal towns
Lowestoft
Yarmouth 1916 May
1916 Admiral Jellicoe ordered the Grand Fleet to intercept the Germans from Scapa Flow moving to Skagerrak
Off of Jutland Peninsula May 30,
1916 Battle begins at 4:48 PM May 31, 1916 April 24-25, 1916 British blockade of German coast
German admiral von Poul replaced by Reinhardt von Scheer
More aggressive, wanted to remove blockade
Lure out British ships with a combination of submarines and surface boats HMS Dreadnought, 1906 Admiral Scheer ordered Admiral von Hipper to move along Danish coast
British intelligence unit, Room 40, cracked German codes
Warned British Admiral John Rushworth Jellicoe of German movement Germany wished to challenge the British naval fleet
"Naval Race"
Dreadnought
Both countries avoided major confrontations Admirals -Reinhard Scheer BRITISH -John Jellicoe -David Beatty Casualties Impact Outcome Both sides claimed victory
Germany:
More British casualties than German
British:
Maintained naval superiority
von Scheer fled first Weapons and Ships Weapons and Ships Smaller versions of destroyers
Faster than larger ships
8 12in (30 cm) guns German Battle Cruiser Heaviest and largest battleship
17,900 tons
Ten 12inch (30cm) guns British Dreadnaught -The British had a loss of 14 ships and 6,274 men
-The Germans had a loss of 11 ships and 1,545 men British German Ships 14 ships total
3 battleships:
Queen Mary, Indefatigable, Invincible
3 armored cruisers:
Defence, Warrior, Black Prince
8 destroyers:
Tipperary, Nestor, Nomad, Turbulent, Ardent, Fortune, Shark, Sparrowhawk Ships 11 ships total
1 battleship:
Lützow 1 Pre-dreadnought Battleship:
Pommern Light Cruisers:
Wiesbaden, Elbing, Rostock, Frauenlob Destroyers:
V48, S35, V27, V4 Personnel: 3,058 total:
2,551 killed
507 wounded Personnel 6784 total:
6097 killed
510 wounded
177 prisoners of war The aftermath of a Zeppelin bombing run of 10 bombs across Great Yarmouth The old Admiralty building in Whitehall used by Room 40 Left: Scapa Flow
Top right: Skagerrak
Bottom right: Jutland Peninsula German BattlecruiserSMS Seydlitz Scheer commanded Admiral Von Hipper to set out with five battle cruisers and another thirty-five smaller ships. This would lure the British Navy into Battle. Scheer would follow behind and engage the British with sixty Battleships, Battle cruisers, and destroyers. The two German fleets would be 80km(50 mi) apart. This would create the element of surprise.
However, von Hipper was unaware of the entire Grand Fleet coming towards him as a result of poor visibility from Zepplins. Von Hipper’s fleet was caught in heavy bombardments from the Grand Fleet.
Scheer realized he was by far outnumbered so he sent his ships north.
Admiral Jellicoe of the Grand Fleet, inferred that the German navy was trying to draw them into an trap; possibly mines, or a fleet of U-Boats. He decided to turn North where he possibly would be able to reengage Scheer.
Jellicoe reengages Scheer, while Scheer was trying to place his fleet at an advantage (crossing the “T”). Scheer's fleet disastrously positioned itself at an angle. The British Grand fleet also had the late afternoon sun to their backs so they could not be seen from the glare.
Scheer realized his fleet was faltering, and that is when he made the decision to send Admiral Von Hipper and his squadron to sail through the British fleet. This was known as the death ride.
The British Grand Fleet destroyed a large portion of von Hipper’s squadron.
Scheer was able to retreat back to port. Though no decisive victor, still had impact on war
May be considered German defeat
British fleet maintained naval control
German fleet to never take control of seas
Maintained blockade
Contributed to Germany's collapse
Brought Germany to armistice Ship Count: British Grand Fleet consisted of:
28 battleships,
9 battle cruisers
34 light cruisers
80 destroyers Ship Count: German High Seas Fleet consisted of:
25 battleships
5 battle cruisers
11 light cruisers
63 destroyers a total of 100,000 men and 250 ships
72 hours long, to end on June 1, 1916 Also called the
Battle of Skagerrak
by the Germans Jutland Peninsula Scapa Flow Skagerrak "Topping the T" formation
Full transcript