Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.


Groups in Society and Social Instituations

No description

Tim Justice

on 9 November 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Groups in Society and Social Instituations

Groups in Society and Social Institutions
Let's Review:
What is a group?
Society is not the only group; it is a group made up of smaller groups
Four Major Features:
Two or more people
Interaction among members
Shared expectations
Possess some sense of common identity
-People gather in the same place at the same time but lack organization or lasting patters of interaction-(People at a restaurant eating, airplane passengers)
Social Category
-Classifying people according to a shared trait or a common status-(Students, Women, Left-Handed People)
Basic Understanding
Size of Groups
Minimum size of two
When bigger than 15, tend to break into smaller groups

Types of Groups
Primary Group
-Compose of people who are emotionally close, know one another well, and seek another's company.
Intimate, personal, caring, fulfilling
Examples-Family, Close Friends, Neighbors
Small Size
Face-to-Face Contact
Continuous Contact
Proper Social Environment-Informal Setting
Types of Groups
Secondary Group
-Impersonal and goal oriented, involves only a segment of its members' lives.
Ex. Clerks and Customers, Employers and Workers, Coach and Soccer Team
Some Secondary groups can include primary relationships

Reference Groups
-Use of certain groups to evaluate ourselves and to acquire attitudes, values, beliefs, and norms.
Ex. Family, Music Groups, Professional Teams, Government leaders
Jr. High Girls Copy HS Girls
Not always positive-gangs give a blueprint of what not to do
In-Groups and Out-Groups
-Group that an individual belongs to and identifies with with demands intense loyalty
-Any group that and individual does not belong to or identify with that stands in opposition to an in-group.
Can't exist without the other

Make a list of your in-groups and out-groups and determine how these might have impacted your selection of passengers from last class. Any bias?
• An accountant
• A black medical student
• The accountant’s pregnant wife
• A famous novelist
• A liberal art coed
• A 55 year old university administrator
• A professional basketball player
• A Latino clergyman
• A female movie star
• An armed police officer
• A Civil Rights Activist
• A Native American manager

1. What is social structure?

2. Why is it important?

3. How do the three sociological perspectives view social structure?

Theoretical Perspective
Social Structure Concept
Conflict Theory
Symbolic Interactionism
Ascribed Master Status
Social Interaction
Social integration promoted by by culturally defined rights and obligations honored by group members

Ex. Parents
Ascribed master statuses such as gender and race empower some to subjugate others

Ex. Race in Jim Crow South
Roles are carried by individuals on the basis of the symbols and meanings they share
Ex. Cop Arresting Criminal
1. We will be able to understand what a group is in society.

2. We will be able to discuss the different types of groups in society and their impacts on society.

3. We will be able analyze the importance of the five main social institutions within American society.
Making Your Network
Social Network
-Web of social relationships that join a person to other people and groups
Not a group
Weak and Strong Ties
What groups are represented below?
Social Institutions
: The major spheres of social life, or societal subsystems organized to meet human needs.
What are the five major social institutions?
Organization of Groups
-Groups with structure, goals, and activities clearly define (Student Government)
Informal Group
-No official structures or established rules of conduct (Friends)
Taking A Bigger Look
Industrialization led to more
formal organizations
as people moved to cities (US 1920s)
Large, complex secondary groups that has been established to achieve specific goals.
Max Weber studied the most popular formal organization that emerged--
(governments, colleges, businesses)
Ranked authority structure that operates according to specific rules and procedures
Demonstrated Weber's view of rationality over tradition
Decisions on knowledge, reason, and results vs. Wealth and Family
Division of labor
Ranking of Authority
Employment based on formal qualifications
Rules and Regulations
Specific lines of promotion and advancement
Good at Coordinating Large-Scale Goals
Create order with defined tasks
Provide stability as individuals can come and go
Lose sight of original goals (Survival Only)
Red Tape-Rule is a Rule
Alienation of worker-workers view themselves as objects than people
Oligarchy of rule forms
Full transcript