Send the link below via email or IMCopy
Present to your audienceStart remote presentation
- Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
- People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
- This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
- A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
- Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article
Rebuttals and POI
Transcript of Rebuttals and POI
"Putting more action and dynamism in the debate".
by ms. maria angela herrera Why do we need to rebut? 1. To respond and engage: You analyze and digest what the other team said. You found a logical error/leap. You saw a false matter. You just think it is ridiculous 2. To be defensive: You want to persuade them back to your side. There might be truth to what they are saying but yours is better 3 DEADLY SINS •Always be on the lookout for the following most common speaker mistakes: 1. Assertion – statement made without appropriate evidence 2. Assertion – statement made without appropriate evidence 3. Insufficiency – missing links, tiebacks, and examples that give less weight to the potency of an argument REBUTTALS Steps for Rebutting 1. Identify the argument you wish to debunk 2. Briefly explain the gist of the argument 3. Explain why argument is wrong 4. Explain how the wrongness of the argument means they do not achieve the goal of the debate Note: A wrong argument isn’t necessarily false. An argument can be true, but at the same time wrong in terms of resolving the issue of the debate. Techniques for Rebuttals •Irrelevant •Illogical - conclusion doesn’t follow premise •Unreasonable - argument not enough reason (too petty, too small, too minor an issue) to support a stance •False - argument is dead wrong, e.g. premise is dead wrong or characterization is inaccurate •Inconsistent - argument contradicts other arguments of the same side, or non-even-if rebuttals •Out of context – argument may be true but not in the debate’s case or there’s a higher value to it COUNTER-ARGUMENTS Structure for Counter-Arguments 1. Restatement of banner or target argument/issue 2. Brief explanation of target argument/issue’s logic
3. Negation of Target Argument
–Provide the lethal blow.
4. Conclusion 4.1 Pull the arguments to your side. (TWIST) 4.2 Provide further analysis/interpretation of facts with
respect to the argument you just killed. REBUTTAL SPEECHES I. Whip Speakers a. Rebuttal, summation speakers b. GW has the advantage over OW regarding the introduction of new matter. However, this advantage must be used sparingly. c. Introduction of new matter gives adjudicators the impression that MG was insufficient in providing constructive material. BE VERY CAREFUL. d. May be justified if MO introduced a completely new issue that was unaddressed in the debate. II. Organizing the Whip Speech a. Point by Point Method b. Issue by Issue Method c. By Team Method POINTS OF INFORMATION In all of the above methods, whip must first identify the issues he/she wishes to discuss in his/her speech, numbered in particular order of discussion Issue method requires the justification: Why did you pick these issues? How were they relevant to the debate? POI’s are 15-second interjections, acceptable only after the first minute and before the last minute of a speech A powerful POI can undermine and even destroy an opponent’s argument. POI’s must be made as strategically as possible to put the speaker on the defensive and make him justify his stance. Delivering Points of Information Keep it short and to the point. Make a sharp question that demands an answer. Clarify anything vague about the setup/clash and arguments of the opposing team. Variations of POIs Give a point of clarification •Give a counter-example. •Raise a what-if question. •Show an error of logic. •Show lack of relevance. •Cross-examine evidence. What to remember Handling a POI requires calculation How many to accept? Whom to accept? When to accept? Take POIs only after you are done with your argument or setup. :) Always remember: Answering a POI takes your time Always deal with the offered point Never easily dismiss points