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The Holy Grail

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Tara Karchgani

on 15 September 2014

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Transcript of The Holy Grail

The Holy Grail
a dish, plate, stone, or cup that is part of an important theme of Arthurian literature.

First appearance
Perceval, le Conte du Graal (The Story of the Grail) by Chrétien de Troyes

Earliest and most influential of all Grail texts
Work of Robert de Boron that the Grail truly became the "Holy Grail" and familiar to most readers
Appears in the Mabinogion tale of Culhwch and Olwen

Particularly well-known is the story of the Preiddeu Annwfn or "Spoils of the Otherworld" as recounted by Taliesin
Major Events
At the Court of King Arthur, it was prophesied that the Grail would one day be rediscovered by a descendant of St. Joseph: the best knight in the land
Galahad, son of Lancelot
The Knights of the Round Table crossed Britain from one end to another in their search
Perceval discovered the castle in a land that was sickly like its spear-wounded King, "Fisher" or "Grail King"

Lancelot next reached Corbenic; prevented from entering because of he was an adulterer

Galahad arrived. He was permitted to enter the Grail Chapel and allowed to see the great cup. His life became complete; grail and man were lifted up to heaven.
Entertained by King, forgot to ask of the grail and left empty-hand.
Status Today
How/When Built
From Christ to disciples to drink from at the Last Supper

Later given to his grand-uncle, St. Joseph of Arimathea - collected Christ's blood and sweat while he hung upon the Cross

Said to be the cup of the Last Supper and at the Crucifixion to have received blood flowing from Christ's side.

Brought to Britain by Joseph of Arimathea - lay hidden for centuries
No specific builder named

12th and early 13th century Wolfram von Eschenbach

makes the grail a great precious stone that fell from the sky
AD 30-36

First mentioned from 1135 and 1190 in Perceval, the story of the Grail romance of Chrétien de Troyes.
The Spaniards — Margarita Torres and José Ortega del Río — believe the 2,000-year-old vessel is in a church in León in northern Spain
Focus on its symbolism - the cup is a symbol of Jesus’ body or essence

The wine - blood of Christ; poured out at his death as the ultimate sacrifice for humanity

Holy Grail presented as a gateway to immortality; means of securing eternal life for those who “drink” it
Cups claimed to be Grail in several churches
Saint Mary of Valencia Cathedral - contains an artifact

Valencia Chalice - taken by Saiint Peter to Rome in the 1st century

Huesca in Spain - Saint Lawrence in the 3rd century
In Wolfram von Eschenbach's telling, the Grail was kept safe at the castle of Munsalvaesche (mons salvationis), entrusted to Titurel, the first Grail King.
According to legend
The monastery of San Juan de la Peña, in the province of Huesca, Spain, protected the chalice of the Last Supper from the Islamic invaders of the Iberian Peninsula

Antonio Beltrán says the artifact is a 1st-century Middle Eastern stone vessel

Official papal chalice for many popes - used by many others, most recently by Pope Benedict XVI
Jesus Christ

Joseph of Arimathea

Tara Karchgani
Ms. Churchill
Period 5, English 2 Honors
14 September 2014
Full transcript