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Attack-Siegfried Sassoon

World War 1 poem
by

Kieron Lenton

on 4 September 2013

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Transcript of Attack-Siegfried Sassoon

Attack
Siegfried Sassoon
Subject 3
Subject 1
Subject 2
Class Poem Project
Conclusion
About the Author
About the Poem
World War I
History behind the poem
Detailed analysis of the poem
Message of the poem and how it affected the war
Attack
Line 1
Line 2
Line 3
Line 10
Line 11
Line 12
Line 4
Line 5
Line 6
Line 7
Line 8
Line 9
Siegfried Sassoon
1886
1967
1914
At dawn the ridge emerges massed and dun
In the wild purple of the glow'ring sun,
Smouldering through spouts of drifting smoke that shroud
The menacing scarred slope; and, one by one,
Tanks creep and topple forward to the wire.
The barrage roars and lifts. Then, clumsily bowed
With bombs and guns and shovels and battle-gear,
Men jostle and climb to meet the bristling fire.
Lines of grey, muttering faces, masked with fear,
They leave their trenches, going over the top,
While time ticks blank and busy on their wrists,
Flounders in mud. O Jesus, make it stop!
World War 1
(The Basics)

History of the poem
The poem was written in 1918 during the war and it is still a used and recognised poem today has influenced the way people view the war and trench warfare.The poem is often confused for the poem Counter-Attack, anotherpoem he wrote. The poem is used today to teach history and literature.
Who
When
(cc) image by anemoneprojectors on Flickr
Ideas
Message
Presented by:

Kieron Lenton

Taffy Muvundura
Sean Botha
Andrew Olivier
Questionnaire
AT dawn the ridge emerges massed and dun
In the wild purple of the glow'ring sun

The start of the poem it is very natural and seems very calm and also tells us the time of the day.
Smouldering through spouts of drifting smoke that shroud
The menacing scarred slope

The poem then goes to show us the more menacing side of trench warfare and the damage it does the land and the world around us.
and, one by one,
Tanks creep and topple forward to the wire

He shows us that the fight is slowly beginning.
The barrage roars and lifts. Then, clumsily bowed
With bombs and guns and shovels and battle-gear

He shows us how unorganised and frantic trench warfare is. He has a increase in the pace in the poem.
Men jostle and climb to meet the bristling fire

He continues to show us how the men had to clumsily climb up the sides of the trenches to return the gun fire.
Lines of grey, muttering faces, masked with fear

He also shows us the fear and anxiety that was put on the soldiers during WW1. When he says lines of gray, muttering faces he is referring to the men’s pale face as all the blood has been drawn from them.
Lines of grey, muttering faces, masked with fear

He also shows us the fear and anxiety that was put on the soldiers during WW1. When he says lines of gray, muttering faces he is referring to the men’s pale face as all the blood has been drawn from them.
While time ticks blank and busy on their wrists

He has used a very good pun her in my eyes as he says time continues to pass on their clocks but does not bring the end of the fighting or the war any nearer.
And hope, with furtive eyes and grappling fists,
Flounders in mud. O Jesus, make it stop!

This last line shows the desperation that the men felt and how the only thing that they had left was hope. The last plea for the end could of been made by the soldiers fighting the war feeling its full force or even the civilian saying he disagrees with the death and destruction that the war has brought.
Detailed Analysis
The poem is about is trench warfare and the horrors of it. Trench warfare was a horrible thing it was cramped, dirty, smelly and very wet. This meant that disease and death spread through it like a wildfire. In Sassoon poem he paints us a very detailed picture of the trenches. Some the words he used can be seen in this picture below.


















And there are many other words that he used that aren’t expressed in this photo but still keep the topic brutal and harsh as he bring in the fear of a shootout. The poem has very good imagery, which I have said already but let us go through each line and analyse what he is trying to get across to us.
The menacing scarred slope.
Men jostle and climb.
Drifting Smoke.
Siegfried Sassoon was born and grew up in the neo-gothic mansion "Weirleigh". He had a Jewish father and an Anglo-Catholic mother. For marrying outside the faith he was disinherited. His middle name was Loraine. Sassoon was the second of three sons, the others being Michael and Hamo. Sassoon was educated at The New Beacon Preparatory School, Seven Oaks, Kent, Marlborough College, , Wiltshire (where he was a member of Cotton House), and at Clare College, Cambridge, where from 1905 to 1907 he read history.He was homosexual He has written many poems about war. He died at the age of 80 on, 1 September 1967. He had a son George Sassoon who died from cancer in 2006. Siegfried close friend and “war buddy” was the famous war poet Wilfred Owen.He wrote 146 poems
What
WesternBloc vs. Eastern Bloc
1 September 1939 – 2 September 1945
A global conflict
The major participants placed their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities at the service of the war effort, erasing the distinction between civilian and military resources.
Born 8 September
Died 1 September
Went to War
1905-1907
Collage
1918
Attack was written
He writes about how and what it is like to be in trench warfare and the devastations of war. He also tells us of how pointless trench warfare is as they move themselves from the safety of the trench into the direct line of fire. I think he is trying to say that even the toughest soldier was scared in the trenches and they all wanted the fighting to stop, but it just seems to continue. He wanted people to know that he feels that the war was pointless fighting. He describes the scenery and paints a nice setting in the 1st 2 lines and then he tells us about the devastation. I think he has done this to show people how man can destroy something so beautiful and hide it in smoke and shrapnel. He shows us that the men only armed with a few bombs, a guns and a shovel, to dig out the mud and make the trench secure, were up against the fierce tanks that crept to the wire on the tops of the trenches. This shows that they were out armed or very unlucky to be in the trench with few arms that could take on the tanks. He wants people to understand the true glory of being a soldier and the real feeling you get from fighting for your country.
In conclusion we think that the poem is very creative and powerful. It is cleverly set out and had many meanings to it and only a few have been pointed out. It makes you use your imagination and strengthens your view on WW1, trench warfare and literature.
VS.
Line 1

He uses a figure of speech which is personification

- In terms of the personification used the author gives the ‘ridge emerging’ human qualities by stating that it emerges massed and dun.
Line 2

He uses personification in this line

- He describes the sun as glowering which means to scowl. He basically is saying that the ridge is emerging in the purple coloured reflection of the sun.
Line 3

He uses 2 sound devices which are alliteration and assonance.

- In terms of the alliteration the letter ‘s’ is repeated several times at the beginning of every second word to give the sentence a special sound effect.
- In terms of the assonance the vowel ‘o’ is repeated to achieve a certain repeating of sound in the line.
Line 4

He uses personification and a metaphor in this line.

- In terms of the personification he describes the slope as menacing.
- For the metaphor he compares the slope to being ‘scarred’.
Line 5

He has used a hyperbole.

- He states that the tanks ‘creep and topple’ even though they do but the fact is that he has exaggerated this fact to make the reader think that they are ‘falling’ or ‘toppling’ over.
Line 6

He uses personification in this line

- He describes the barrage (which is heavy artillery fire) as roaring and lifting which shows that the artillery fire came from different directions.
Line 7

Personification is used in this line.

- He compares how they were attack (line 7) to being clumsy (line 6).
Line 8

He uses a hyperbole.

- He exaggerates how the men react to the fire as he makes the reader feel as if the men were eager or excited to do battle.
Line 9 and 10

These two lines although separate represent the same thing as they both describe how the soldiers react after warfare.

- He uses a metaphor in these lines
- He compares their physical appearance to the way they actually feel.
Line 11

He uses alliteration and a metaphor.

- In terms of the metaphor, he compares the fear of an unexpected attack to the ticking of time showing that these soldiers are very fearful.
- For the alliteration he repeats the letter ‘f’ and ‘s’ in different parts of the sentence to achieve a sound effect.
Line 12 and 13

These two lines also represent the same thing.

- He uses a metaphor in these lines.
- He compares hope to the fear and struggling that they have to endure. This is evident as in the last line he writes “O Jesus, make it stop”. This shows that even though they know that there is hope, they still worry about the present time or the fact that they face daily struggles.
The Class Questionnaire will be handed out now Good luck :)
The answers will be said orally.
Full transcript