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Art Principles

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edna guerrero

on 1 November 2013

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Transcript of Art Principles

Art Principles
The rules, tools and/or
guidelines that artists use to
organize the elements of art
in an artwork
1.) Balance
2.) Proportion
*It is also called
the principle that deals
with the visual weight
of an artwork
- Types Of Balance -
Both sides of an artwork is the same; also called

symmetrical balance
Formal Balance
takes the vertical line in the middle
of the artwork as its central axis
A. Vertical Symmetry
Two halves are not exactly the same; there are slight variations but this does not
affect the balance of the work
B. Near Symmetry
makes use of the middle horizontal line
as its central axis
C. Horizontal Symmetry

(inverted symmetry)
makes use of both vertical and
horizontal symmetry
D. Biaxial Symmetry
The parts are unequal in size,shape, number, etc. but still produce a balanced effect; also called
asymmetrical balance
Informal Balance
randomly distributes the different elements over the entire work; cannot be neatly divided into two parts
A. All-over Balance
Most of the elements or components are placed on one side of the artwork
B. Asymmetrical Tension
Elements are arranged around an axis or a central point
Radial Balance
The way the different parts of an
artwork interact with each other and
how they relate to the whole
When the artist deliberately changes the
size of the objects in the artwork to
indicate its importance
- Hierarchical Proportion -
3) Variety
principles that deals with the
different combinations of the art
elements in artwork to make it
visually appealing and interesting
5) Emphasis
Where the organization of the
various elements of the visual
arts is governed
4) Harmony
*work without harmony is confusing and chaotic
It is achieved by establishing a
pleasing relationship between
the various elements
helps create a sense of unity
produced by the design /form that catches our attention while the rest are subordinated
deals with making an element
standout in a work of art
6) Movement
the path that the viewer's eyes follow while viewing the work, guiding the viewer to look from one part of the picture to the next
creates the illusion of action or
a change in position in an artwork
7) Unity
arrangement of the different
elements and the combination of
the different principles to create a sense
of completeness in an artwork
8) Rhythm
repetition of the elements to create the illusion of movement
-Classifications of Rhythm-
Formal Balance
(Uniform Rhythm)
even and regular repetition of the elements or a motif
*Motif - a single/repeated
design in the artwork
Informal Rhythm
(Free Rhythm)
makes use of elements/designs
that vary in form, size and
- Types of Rhythm -
Continuous repetition of a unit at
regular intervals
A. Regular Repetition
repetition of large and small motifs
at regular intervals
B. Alternation or Contrast
Repetition of similar shapes with gradual increase/decrease in size, color
and other elements
C. Progression or Sequence
Depicted in a continuous line without
any break
D. Line Motion
When the motifs or elements are
repeated around a pivot or axis
E. Radiation
Deals with the repetition of the elements or motifs in
opposite directions; may intersect each other
F. Opposition
Parallel lines are lines that would never meet
no matter how far they extend; Parallelism
is the repetition of these lines
G. Parallelism
Repetition of several motifs in complicated arrangements;
also employs two or more types of rhythm
H. Complication
Shine With MAPE 6

Introduction to the Humanities
(Revised Edition)

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