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Hero's Journey- Epic of Gilgamesh
Transcript of Hero's Journey- Epic of Gilgamesh
The Epic of Gilgamesh
Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone By Tori Kager 1.) The hero is introduced in his/her ORDINARY WORLD. Harry Potter:
His aunt and uncle take him to an isolated lighthouse. We are introduced to his horrible home life of being ignored and mistreated and living under the stairs. Gilgamesh:
He is introduced as a tyrannical king of Uruk. He is adventurous, ambitious, and all-powerful. He sacrifices warriors, rapes women, and gets what he wants- no matter what. Both are set in their lifestyles and have no idea that their lives are going to change drastically. "He walks around in the enclosure of Uruk,/Like a wild bull he makes himself mighty, head raised over others" 2.) The CALL TO ADVENTURE. Harry:
On his 11th birthday, Harry receives relentless letters from Hogwarts asking him to leave his muggle world behind and enter the magical world. Gilgamesh:
Gilgamesh tells the people of Uruk that he is planning to invade Humbaba's forest and kill the trees he protects.
"I must now travel a long way to where Humbaba is,
I must face fighting such as I have not known,
and I must travel on a road that I do not know!" Both Harry's and Gilgamesh's calls to adventure are life-changing and ask for new skill, boldness, and strength. 3.) The hero is reluctant at first. Gilgamesh:
Gilgamesh's courage falters along the journey to Humbaba's forest. He requires Enkidu's encouragement in order to proceed.
When Gilgamesh has a dream that frightens him, "Enkidu, interpreted the dream for his friend:
"My friend, your dream is favorable.
The dream is extremely important.
My friend, the mountain which you saw in the dream is
It means we will capture Humbaba, and kill him
and throw his corpse into the wasteland."" Harry:
Initially, Harry will not acknowledge his connection to the magical world. When the glass case in front of a boa constrictor vanishes, Harry does not think he has anything to do with it. Both Harry and Gilgamesh are presented with a new, fantastical world and both have hesitations at first. 4.) Meeting with the mentor Harry:
Harry meets Dumbledore, the wise old wizard who will serve as his magical guide. Gilgamesh:
Gilgamesh looks to Shamash as his guide and hopes to be given favorable words. All that he does he does with Shamash in mind.
"After they had killed the Bull of Heaven,
they ripped out its heart and presented it to Shamash.
They withdrew bowing down humbly to Shamash." Both Dumbledore and Shamash can provide guidance and hope to their pupils but cannot actually ensure their success in the quests. 5.) The hero passes the first threshold. Harry:
Harry's passage into the magical world is clearly displayed by his crossing through the train station wall to get to platform 9 3/4. Harry and Gilgamesh both show a "leap" from one world into another. Both commit to their journeys and accept them as necessary parts of their lives. 6.) The hero encounters tests and helpers. Harry:
Harry receives help from Hermione, Ron, and Hagrid. With their assistance and with his own bravery, Harry passes early tests like the Sorting and learning magic. Gilgamesh:
Enkidu and Gilgamesh fight the bull sent down by Ishtar to take revenge upon Gilgamesh for his refusal to marry Ishtar. Because of this, Enkidu is cursed to die and Gilgamesh loses his brother and gains a terrible fear of mortality.
"Enkidu stalked and hunted down the Bull of Heaven.
He grasped it by the thick of its tail
and held onto it with both his hands (?),
while Gilgamesh, like an expert butcher,
boldly and surely approached the Bull of Heaven.
Between the nape, the horns, and... he thrust his sword." Both Harry and Gilgamesh find help along the way. Both experience failures and struggles in the presented tasks. 7.) The hero reaches the innermost cave. Harry:
On the search to find the sorcerer's stone, Harry and his friends pass a number of obstacles- Fluffy, human chess, and others- to get deep into the school. Finally, Harry enters the room of mirrors in which the sorcerer's stone is hidden. Gilgamesh:
As Gilgamesh walks through the mountain, he is in a dark tunnel with no light and little breathable air.
As he travels, "dense was the darkness, light there was none.
Neither what lies ahead nor behind does it allow him to see." Harry and Gilgamesh both go through a long, dark trail to reach their endpoint. They face danger but show bravery. 8.) The hero endures the supreme ORDEAL. Harry:
Harry is brought face-to-face with Voldemort, the very being who tried to kill him as a baby. Quirrell is ordered to kill Harry and Harry's scar burns but the battle does not result in Harry's death. Gilgamesh:
Gilgamesh grieves the death of Enkidu, brought about by a curse. He fears that he faces the same fate and is desperate to avoid death.
"I began to fear death, and so roam the wilderness.
The issue of my friend oppresses me,
so I have been roaming long trails through the wilderness." Gilgamesh:
Gilgamesh and Enkidu enter Humbaba's forest and battle Humbaba, the guardian. With Shamash's help, Gilgamesh is able to overcome Humbaba and slay him. They steal the cedars.
"thirteen winds rose up against him and covered Humbaba's face.
He could nor butt through the front, and could not scramble out
so that Gilgamesh'a weapons were in reach of Humbaba." Gilgamesh and Harry have no choice. They are for sure "enduring" these problems because fate has brought them into the face of these struggles and now they must fight to make it through them. 9.) The hero seizes the sword. Harry:
Harry grasps the Sorcerer's Stone because he wants to have it to have the stone, not for the powers it can grant him. Gilgamesh:
Gilgamesh dives under the waves and obtains the plant that restores youth.
"If your hands reach that plant you will become a young man again."
Hearing this, Gilgamesh opened a conduit(!) (to the Apsu)
and attached heavy stones to his feet.
They dragged him down, to the Apsu they pulled him.
He took the plant, though it pricked his hand" Both Harry and Gilgamesh are successful and, for a few glorious moments, their goals are fulfilled. 10.) THE ROAD BACK. Harry:
Harry falls in the battle and loses consciousness. When he awakens, he is in a hospital bed and Dumbledore tells him that he saved Harry from Quirrell but Harry got the stone. Gilgamesh:
En route to Uruk, Gilgamesh goes swimming and a snake takes the plant from him. Gilgamesh has lost his ticket to fame and eternal youth.
"Seeing a spring and how cool its waters were,
Gilgamesh went down and was bathing in the water.
A snake smelled the fragrance of the plant,
silently came up and carried off the plant." Harry and Gilgamesh were both successful in obtaining their "treasures." Neither makes the return to his ordinary world in the expected fashion. 11.) RESURRECTION. Harry:
Harry wakes up in a hospital bed and is well in time to join his peers at the end-of-year feast. Gilgamesh:
Gilgamesh and the boatman Urshanabi reach Uruk.
"At twenty leagues they broke for some food,
at thirty leagues they stopped for the night.
They arrived in Uruk-Haven." Both return to their normal worlds. Harry, however, returns a victor and Gilgamesh returns empty-handed but changed. 12.) RETURN WITH THE ELIXIR Harry:
Harry brought back the Sorcerer's Stone and it was destroyed to keep it out of the wrong hands. He also returns with new knowledge of his parents' past and his personal strength. Gilgamesh:
Gilgamesh returns without an immortality elixir. He shows Urshanabi the mighty city of Uruk that he built up to such magnificence before his quest. He takes great pride in his city nonetheless.
"did not the Seven Sages themselves lay out its plan!
One league city, one league palm gardens, one league lowlands, the open area(?) of the Ishtar Temple,
three leagues and the open area(?) of Uruk it encloses." While perhaps not starkly different physically, both are changed from the standpoint of perspective and maturity. After overcoming such tribulations, the real world seems like a welcome breeze. Both are ready to proceed with life but with new perspective and pride. http://blogs.westword.com/showandtell/harry%20potter%20with%20wand.jpg http://www.livius.org/a/1/mesopotamia/gilgamesh_louvre.JPG