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Sentence Structures

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by

Jenna Mehigan

on 24 February 2016

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Transcript of Sentence Structures

Sentence Structures
Words you need to know:
SUBJECT
VERB
MAIN CLAUSE
SUBORDINATE
CLAUSE
CONJUNCTION
Sentence Structure
Has one main clause.
Sentence Structure
Has at least two main clauses joined together with co-ordinating conjunctions.
Sentence Structure
A sentence with at least one
main clause
and any number of
subordinate clauses
.
SUBJECT
The
WHO
or
WHAT
the sentence is about.
The
astronaut
floated through space.
VERB
The
ACTION
in the sentence.
The astronaut
floated
through space.
MAIN CLAUSE
A group of words with a
VERB
that
MAKES SENSE on its own.
As the sun blazed behind her
,
the astronaut floated through space.
SUBORDINATE CLAUSE
This clause
DOES NOT MAKE SENSE on its own
and
depends on the main clause
for its meaning. It is sometimes also called a dependent clause.
As the sun blazed behind her,

the astronaut floated through space.
CONJUNCTION
WORDS THAT LINK
ideas together. There are different types of conjunctions:

- Co-ordinating conjunctions (FANBOYS)
- Subordinating conjunctions
- Time conjunctions (also called temporal conjunctions)
- Causal conjunctions (to show cause and effect)
We'll learn more about these two types today.
SIMPLE SENTENCE
Space food lasts for a long time.
A simple sentence can't have a subordinate clause...
...but it can have:
Luckily

delicious
space food
and
drink lasts for a very long time
on
the International Space Station.
adverbs
adjectives
conjunction
(once they
don't join
on another
clause)
COMPOUND SENTENCE
modifiers, like
prepositions
extra information
The astronaut floated through space

as the sun blazed behind her.
The subordinate clause can
go at the beginning or at
the end of the sentence.
Spot the difference!
What changes about the
punctuation when you move
the subordinate clause? Why?
It can even have:
More than one subject:
More than one verb:
The
UFO
and the
rocket
raced
through space.
The UFO and the rocket
raced
and
shot
through space.
Still a simple
sentence!
Still a simple
sentence!
Fancy
word
alert!
In plain English please
Sentence Structure
At least two sentences that:
make sense on their own
are joined together with a FANBOYS conjunction
COMPOUND SENTENCE
FANBOYS

Co-ordinating conjunctions
F
or
A
nd
N
or
B
ut
O
r
Y
et
S
o
Task 1:
Write a compound sentence using each of the FANBOYS
conjunctions
.
Even better if:
you can make your 7 sentences space-themed.
you can show off some good topic knowledge.
Remember, a
compound sentence
is
2 sentences
that
make sense on their own
, joined together with
one of these
Example:
Humans will never visit the
Sun
for
it is far too hot.

Example:
Humans will never visit the
Sun
for
it is far too hot.

COMPLEX SENTENCE
Main clause:
This is the main
part of the sentence
and makes sense on
its own.
Subordinate clause:
This gives us extra
information and does
not make sense on its
own.
Even though they had trained for this for years,

the astronauts were nervous as they counted down to lift-off.
Subordinating Conjunctions
We've already learned about FANBOYS conjunctions for compound sentences; we use subordinating conjunctions for complex sentences.
Some examples are:
because
although
if
even though
owing to the fact that
How many others
can you think of?
Making a complex sentence: step
Think of your
main clause.

What do you
really
want to say?
Saturn is one of the most recognisable
planets in our solar system.
Making a complex sentence: step
Think of your
subordinate clause.
What
extra information
do you want to give?
rings made of ice and rock
Making a complex sentence: step
Choose a good
subordinating conjunction
to join your extra information to the main
clause.

due to
its rings made of ice and rock
Join your
subordinate clause
to your
main clause
.
Decide whether it will go at the
beginning or at the end.
Making a complex sentence: step
Due to
its rings of ice and rock
,
Saturn is one of
the most recognisable planets in our solar system.
Saturn is one of the most recognisable planets in our solar system

due to
its rings of ice and rock.
If you're in a rush to get all that
extra information out at the
beginning of your sentence,
you need a
comma (just like a
pause
)
after your subordinate
clause
.
If your subordinate clause
is at the end of your sentence,
the conjunction works like a
comma and you don't need to
put in any extra punctuation.
Your turn!
Write
3
complex sentences with the
subordinate clause
at the
beginning
and
3
complex sentences with the
subordinate clause
at the
end
.
Don't forget
the comma!
Even better if:
you use high-level conjunctions
you show off your space knowledge
you spell-check topic words and
high-frequency words
Even though the moon appears to glow in
the night sky
,
only stars can give off light.
The Americans won the space race

owing to
the fact that they set foot on the moon first.
Star extension challenge:
Can you write a complex-compound sentence?
For example:
Because space travel is expensive
,
the International
Space Station is manned by astronauts from all over the world

and

countries work together to fund missions.
The mission went to Mars
for
over 5 years.

Is this a compound sentence?
L.O.: I know the features of and can use different sentence structures.
Let's share-write some examples.
What if you put the subordinate clause in the middle?
Use
commas, brackets or dashes
to put your extra information in the middle of your sentence; this is a special type of subordinate clause called an

embedded clause.
extra
information
Albert II
,
who was an American monkey
,
was the first animal in space.
Albert II
(
who was an American monkey
)
was the first animal in space.
Albert II
-
who was an American monkey
-
was the first animal in space.
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