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The Evolution of Programming Languages

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Tolulope Ogunremi

on 11 February 2015

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Transcript of The Evolution of Programming Languages

The Evolution of Programming Languages
By: Tolulope Ogunremi

Previously FORTRAN (derived from Formula Translating System
Devised in the early 1970s
A general-purpose programming language. It has imperative, object-oriented and generic programming features, while also providing the facilities for low-level memory manipulation.
Although 'evolution' has occurred, most languages are still used today.
Assembler/Assembly Language
A program that takes basic computer instructions and converts them into a pattern of bits that the computer's processor can use to perform its basic operations
Created in 1991
Created in 1993
In 1978, Brian Kernighan and Dennis Ritchie published the first edition of
'The C Programming Language
K&R introduced several language features:
• standard I/O library
• long int data type
• unsigned int data type
It is a general-purpose, imperative programming language that is especially suited to numeric computation and scientific computing.
Originally developed by IBM in the 1950s for scientific and engineering applications.
Used in numerical weather prediction, finite element analysis, computational fluid dynamics, computational physics and computational chemistry
Bjarne Stroustrup
Created by Bjarne Stroustrup
Initially Standardised in 1998
During C++'s development period, the language had been referred to as "new C", then "C with Classes", before acquiring its final name
James Gosling and his team first developed it at Sun Microsystems
The aim was to program home appliances which were controlled by a wide range of computer processors.
In 1994 he (James Gosling) realised that it would be ideal for use with web browsers
The language was originally called Oak, but that name was taken.
Yukihiro Matsumoto (“Matz”) wanted a language that suited his needs.
• Syntactically Simple
• Truly Object-Oriented
• Having Iterators and Closures
• Exception Handling
• Garbage Collection
• Portable

First public version was released in December 1995
There is no 'super language' each language was made for.is used for a particular purpose
Who knows what the future will hold? (Swift)
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