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Eira Marquez

on 13 September 2012

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Transcript of THE IMPACT OF AMERICAN RULE(1898-1935)

What were the effects of American colonial rule in the Philippines? Were they beneficial to the Filipinos, to the Americans or to both? Let's find out! THE IMPACT OF AMERICAN RULE They have treated pupils kindly and gave the pupils free books, pencils and writing paper. Due to abnormal conditions of fighting, these efforts didn't immediately succeed. After the Philippine-American War, the American teachers called Thomasites were more successful in the campaign to educate the Filipinos. Boys and girls of school age, and even adults who wanted to learn English, enrolled in the day and night classes. The result was that within a few years, many Filipinos learned the English language and were qualified to take the civil service examinations. By 1904, the American colonial government in the Philippines was able to send the first group of Filipino scholars to the United States. The first American teachers were American soldiers. The oldest university founded under the Americans was Silliman University in Dumaguete Ciy, followed by Central Philippine University Manila. Education under the Americans advanced rapidly and was not equaled by any other colonizing power. Next to education as America's greatest achievement in the Philippines was the improvement of public health and welfare. Before 1900, the Filipinos suffered from ravages of smallpox, dysentery, tuberculosis, cholera, malaria and other deadly diseases which killed thousands of people every year. Public Health and sanitation were very poor during the Spanish regime. They became worse during the revolution and the Philippine-American war. PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE At the same time that the Americans, with the help of Filipino physicians, were fighting the ravages of diseases, they also improved the Filipino diet. The free trade relations between the Philippines and United States led to artificial prosperity. Free trade relations meant that Filipino products entering the United States were not taxed, and the American products entering the Philippines were likewise, free of Duty. IMPROVEMENT IN
TRADE AND INDUSTRY In 1898, when Spain was ousted from the Philippines by the Filipinos, the Philippines had less than 2000 kilometers of road, The length was increased to more than 20000 kilometers when the Commonwealrth was inaugurated. During the Spanish period, birdges and culverts numbered less than 2000. In 1935, this number rose to more than 8000. The railway line was likewise extended. TRANSPORTATION AND
COMMUNICATION in 1903, there were less than 200 kilometers of railway. in 1935, it rose tom more than 1000 kilometers. the Manila-Dagupan railway, founded during the Spanish period, was acquired by the government and became the Manila Railroad Company. 1903 President McKinley's principles of American policy toward the Philippines were rooted in the recognition of human rights as the foundation of an democratic system. DEMOCRACY AND
CIVIL LIBERTIES When the Americans colonized the Philippines, they introduced many American institutions. One of these was the system of political parties and elections. The municipal election, the provincial election and finally the national elections, first held in the year 1907 to elect the delegates to the Philippine Assembly. POLITICAL PARTIES With the teaching of the English language to the Filipinos, American culture became popular in the Philippines. LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE One of the most lasting influences of the Americans in the Philippines was the teaching of the English language and literature to the Filipinos. McKinley ordered that the English language be made as the medium of instruction in all public schools. Within ten years og the American occupation, some Filipinos began to write in English. Some of the Filipinos who srote in English during the first ten years of American rule were Juan F. Salazar, Maximo M. Kalaw, Francisco M. Africa, Justo Juliano and Bernardo P. Garcia. They have wrote poems, essays and stories. Did you know that America's greatest achievement in the Philippines was the introduction of the public school system? In contrast with the Spanish system of education, this system was open to all. The American occupation of the Philippines was far from heavenly, though. There were negative outcomes of the colonization which are still seen today. The Philippines became dependent on the United States to continue to prosper economically.

Some of the Filipinos acquired colonial mentality and absorbed a materialistic view of life. NEGATIVE RESULTS OF
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