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World Map of Disease

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by

Rosie Griffiths

on 2 December 2013

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Transcript of World Map of Disease

In 2010 cholera outbreak kills more than 1,500 people.
Bacterial infection causes diarrhea
Can kill within hours
Peak period of infection is in June with 7,500 cases of Dengue fever being reported each week
Thailand is consider by the World Health Organization being at high risk of tuberculosis infection.
Schitosomiasis is present in most of the country
63% of the population at risk of intestinal worms
19 million people infected with Schitosomiasis
Also known as bilharzia or snail fever
Caused by a parasitic worm that lives in freshwater
1 in 20 people are infected with HIV
26 million people infected with ascariasis
Parasitic roundworms
Get infected by eating food contaminated with worm eggs
Causes malnutrion
Has the highest rate of Trachoma with 1.2 million people infected. It is the leading cause of infectious and preventable blindness worldwide. Caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis, which spreads by contact with an infected person’s hands or clothing.
3% of the population are infected with HIV
Measles is the third most common cause death of children under 5
There are 100 million cases of malaria
97% of the population are at risk of malaria
Over 400 children die every day from malaria
92% of the population at risk of intestinal worms
70% of the population are infected with at least 1 neglected tropical disease. That's 13 million people.
SARS highly infectious and life-threatening form of pneumonia.
From south China in 2002
Virus like the common cold
8,000 people got infected
Caused 774 deaths

5.7 million people are living with HIV. That's 1 in 10 people have the infection.
22 million people are infected with whipworm
Can cause bloody diarrhea and anemia
Dengue Fever outbreak has killed 109 people in the first 9 months of 2013
India is the country with the highest amount of Tuberculosis (TB). Around 2.8 million people are infected with it.
It typically attacks the lungs
It spreads through the air
Some types of TB are resistant to drugs (multidrug resistant TB) and so are very difficult to treat
1 in 100 people get Typhoid fever each year.
You get it by eating contaminated food
Symptoms are fever, headache, stomach pain and muscle aches
237 cases of Dengue fever so far in 2013
Transmitted by mosquitos
Most infected people have no symptoms or just a mild fever
But in a few cases it is life-threatening
Infectious disease is not the main cause of death thanks to the health policy. However, hepatitis and Crimean–Congo haemorrhagic fever are still quite common.
19.3% of the population suffer of Intestinal parasitic infections.
West Nile virus outbreak in 2010 in 57 people
Transmitted by mosquitos
Most cases are not serious but the few that are can be fatal
About 600 people die from influenza (flu) each year.
Occurs most often in winter
Symptoms are fever, headache, general aches and pains and sore throat.

Threadworms are common in young children.
They give you a itchy bum.
You get infected by eating worm eggs.
In 2013, 1,645 people got infected with dengue fever
In October 2013, 171 people had cholera
10% of the population have a tapeworm brain infection
Get it from eating undercooked pork
Most people never get symptoms
In 2013, 16,557 got infected with dengue fever and caused 10 deaths from the disease
In 2004, 495 people got infected with Brazilian hemorrhagic fever. It is a extremely severe disease leading quickly to death.
In 2008, 45,381 people were infected with Shistomasiasis (also known as snail fever)
In northern Italy there are few cases of whipworm infection
In 2012, 500 people got infected with salmonella.
In 2006, 187 people got infected with measles.
This can easily be prevented by a vaccine.
39 million people are infected with hookworm
130 million people have hepatitis B
Malaria is the most common cause of illness and death. 3.5 million people are infected.
Population
Lymphatic filariasis is one of the most common diseases, every year 17 million people require preventive chemotherapy (PC). It is caused by a parasitic worm transmitted by a mosquito. The worms can block the flow of fluid throughout your body leading to swelling of limbs (mainly legs) this is called elephantiasis.
Schistosomiasis is one of the most common worm infection, every year 19 million people require preventive chemotherapy
In 2007, 687 cases of Rift Valley Fever were reported and 115 people died from it
Typhoid fever causes 23,700 deaths a year
TB is a major threat in Bhutan but the country has a good health network proving 90% of the population with free healthcare
BHUTAN
A National School-based De-worming Programme has reduced the population infected with worms from 33% to only 9% between 2012-2013
NEPAL
50% of children are infected with intestinal worms
64% of the population is at risk of worm infection
In 2004 only 5,378 cases of TB were reported
Visceral leishmaniasis, also known as 'kala-azar', is fatal if not treated. The disease is the second-largest parasitic killer in the world, after malaria. The only drug available to treat the disease is failing in Nepal; only 3 out of 4 patients are being cured.
In the 1950s schitosomiasis was the largest health problem in Egypt. After a change in the health policy to tackle schitosomiasis the prevalence dropped from 30% in 1977 to just 2.7% in 1992.
Lithuania is one of the countries with the highest burden of multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) worldwide. The average survival rate of patients with MDR-TB is only 4 years.
Nigeria is one of only three countries left endemic for polio (the other two are Afghanistan and Pakistan). It is caused by a virus and can lead to paralysis. There is no cure for polio it can only be prevented by a vaccine. By vaccinating every child transmission of the virus can be stopped making the world-polio free.
One of the few countries endemic of guinea worm disease. Only 4 cases were reported in 2012. 96% of cases worldwide are in South Sudan.
ALBANIA
Food safety is a problem in Albania. There have been increased cases of brucellosis because of illegal sale of food on the streets. It is bacterial infection that is transmitted to humans by animals by eating animal products such as raw milk and fresh cheese. It can cause long lasting flu-like symptoms.
1 in 10,000 inhabitants of Poland are infected with Lyme disease each year. It is caused by a bacteria that is transmitted to humans by a bite from an infected tick.
Symptoms include headache, fever, fatigue and a rash.
Malaria is the leading cause of death, with almost 4000 confirmed cases in July and August 2013.
Currently there is a polio outbreak in Somalia with 169 cases so far reported since May. 4 million people are being vaccinated countrywide.
In 2000, 200,000 insecticidal treated bed nets (ITNs) were distributed, in the same year malaria morbidity was around 100,000. In 2007, more than 1.2 million ITNs were distributed reducing malaria morbidity rate to below 10,000. Eritrea is one of the leading countries in the African Region that demonstrated that malaria can be controlled with a limited resource environment.
Afghanistan is one of only three countries left that are endemic for polio (the other two are Nigeria and Pakistan).

Polio is caused by a virus and can lead to paralysis. There is no cure for polio it can only be prevented by a vaccine. By vaccinating every child transmission of the virus can be stopped making the world-polio free.
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