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Argumentative Essay

Community Outreach Project for Dr. Jackson at the University of Central Arkansas in the MAT program by Gina Andrews. Presentation is for middle to secondary students on how to write an argumentative essay.
by

Gina Andrews

on 25 October 2015

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Transcript of Argumentative Essay

Extra Resources
Writing an Argumentative Essay
for high school students
Steps to writing an Argumentative Essay
Identify the argument and choose a position.
Conduct necessary research.
Brainstorm ideas in response to your position.
Develop the thesis for your argument that summarizes your position.
Write an outline for your essay.
Write the introduction.
Write the main body of your essay.
Write the essay conclusion.
Edit your draft.
Conclude your bibliography.
Proofread the essay and correct errors for your final draft.


Claim
Argumentative Essay
ELEMENTS
Gina Andrews
Secondary English
University of Central Arkansas
MAT Program

Evidence
Rebuttal
Conclusion
What is an argumentative essay?
An argumentative essay is a type of writing that requires investigation of a selected topic. This genre of writing will help you learn how to collect, produce, and evaluate evidence while forming a position on a topic in a concise manner.
Why is it important?
Learning how to write an argumentative essay will help you develop critical thinking and research skills along with developing how to rationally defend a position. These skills will help you progress academically and occupationally.
Components of an Argumentative Essay
Checklist for Writing an Argumentative Essay
Writing an Argumentative Essay: Tips
Argumentative Essay Outline
Counterclaim
Statement the writer
is trying to prove
to be true. This portion is included in the introduction of the essay, usually in the thesis statement.
The
argument
is the
statement supporting
the writer’s claim.
Evidence is the writer’s proof that the argument is valid by using creditable and factual information.
The writer will
explain
what the evidence is proving.
This is located in the body of the essay,
which usually covers about 3 or more paragraphs,
depending on the topic and level of the essay.
Argumentative Essay
Writing Prompts
Try me!
Convince your reader which sport should be banned from your school, with good reasoning.
Sports
Convince your reader why college should be free for everyone or why everyone should pay for college.
Education
Science
Social
Entertainment
The essay's counterclaim will be the opposite of the claim, disagreeing with the claim/thesis.
A
counterclaim
is a statement opposing the claim, the other side of the argument. A writer should be fairly straightforward when presenting a counterclaim in their essay. The writer will start a new paragraph after discussing the issue with evidence.
Introduction
background of the subject-thesis
Body
present your position with supported evidence
Refutation
counterclaim and rebuttal
Conclusion
summarize key points

Does the essay include a clear thesis?
Does the writer consider opinions/attitudes/values of intended audience?
Does the writer recognize and refute the opposing arguments?
Does the writer support statements with clear evidence?
Does the writer provide enough background information?
Is the writer fair?
Is the essay clear and organized?
Is the introduction interesting?
Is the conclusion strong and summarizing?
Is the writer respectful?

Read directions carefully.
Make sure you understand the writing prompt.
Follow directions and prompt precisely.
Create and plan an essay outline.
Budget your time sensibly.
Focus on one idea per paragraph.
Keep up with evidence source information.
Proofread, proofread, proofread.

Convince your reader why animals should or should not be used for research purposes.
Convince your reader why basic health care should or should not be provided to all citizens.
Convince your reader why graffiti should or should not be considered art.
The essay's rebuttal will be the reason why the counterclaim is not as strong as the original claim.
The essay’s conclusion will restate the claim summarizing arguments, the counterclaim, the rebuttal, and make any recommendations.
The writer will close the essay with the
conclusion
by summarizing main points.
The
rebuttal
paragraphs are usually located after the body paragraphs and before the conclusion. The writer should include a short introduction to the opposing argument (1-3 sentences), acknowledgment that the opposing argument is valid, counterclaim, and introduced the conclusion of the essay.
Title Page
Introduction
Hook, include background information on the topic
Thesis, include claim
Body Paragraphs
First supporting point
Evidence
i.
ii.
iii.
Second supporting point
Evidence
i.
ii.
iii.
(include as many supporting points as needed)
Refutation
Counterclaim
Rebuttal
Conclusion
Summarize thesis
Comment on significance of topic
Bibliography

Include all references


Advice:
http://www.wikihow.com/Write-an-Argumentative-Essay
Description:
http://web.calstatela.edu/faculty/cendy/writing_tips.pdf
Format:
https://owl.english.purdue.edu/

Be prepared to share your ideas in class for the upcoming rough draft:
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Pick one of the following for your upcoming assignment.
Full transcript