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Conflicting Perspectives - The Daily Show
Transcript of Conflicting Perspectives - The Daily Show
if it only lasts until someone makes fun of your hat. Let's give you the low down...
Game (Events): Bassem Youseff arrest The conflicting perspectives of The Daily Show (Bassem Youseff episode) are explored through the representation of events, personalities and/or situations.
Medium of production, textual form, perspective and choice of language all are used in this episode to influence meaning. Players (Personalities): Mohamed Morsi, Bassem Youseff and John Stewart Bonus Points (Situations): Arab Spring, Democracy, Free Speech Representation Meaning Arena (Medium Of Production)
Media Coverage (Textual Form)
Commentators (Choice Of Language)
Game (Event): Bassem Youssef's Arrest
Players (Personalities): Mohamed Morsi, Bassem Youssef and John Stewart
Bonus Points (Situation): Arab Spring, Democracy and free speech Now it's time to explain the game (event) and meet our players (personalities). Tee hee! Event: Bassem Youssef's Arrest Youssef is a bad guy
He deserved his punishment He is against Egypt Youssef has no respect for Morsi Leader of an Anarchy Youssef is opposing everything Egypt hasworked for Traitor! This perspective of Bassem Youssef and his arrest is represented by Mohamed Morsi Youssef is a good guy Being a comedian is his job Youseff is a comedian,
not a political candidate He poses no threat to Egypt or Morsi He loves Egypt He didn't do anything wrong This perspective of Bassem Youssef and his arrest is represented by John Stewart We can see that the perspectives conflict... But how are these prespectives shown to the audience throughout the episode? Erin Wylie Conflicting Perspectives Remember this?
Arena (Medium Of Production)
Media Coverage (Textual Form)
Commentators (Choice Of Language)
Well that's how the game (event) is presented! Lets get into the game play now The arena (medium of production) for the Daily Show is a TV Show! BUT It goes deeper deeper deeper deeper than that... The Daily Show is shown as if it is a news show. This is important as Stewart does talk about the news - but from his perspective. News shows cover stories but they don't provide their opinion on the events, personalities or situations they cover. News shows also don't have live audience that agree or disagree with the affairs. It's not. So why present like a news show? This can be spilt into two reasons.
1. The format of a "News Show" is familiar to the audience. When they see the similarities, they will assume that Stewart is talking about the news.
2. Stewart uses it as a satire tool - he is parodying the news. The entire show is poking fun at important world affairs This is also falls into the media coverage (textual form) of the game.
When Stewart talks about America supporting the Arab dictatorship government, he adds his own reaction, like a 'whoops, didn't mean to say that'.
His body language while reacting also shows that supporting the Arab dictatorship was a bad decision on America's behalf. These are both textual forms that allow Stewart to provide his own perspective on this event Stewart's not the only one to comment on the Arab Spring... Stewart uses other news coverage to provide another perspective on the Arabian Government and other problems that Egypt is currently facing. This also delivers a back story for Stewart to then introduce his main story - Bassem Youssef's arrest. another perspective Perspective Count:
-Morsi - Other news shows Speaking Of Audiences (Fans)... This episode of The Daily Show has quite a few fan bases, which are all addressed to at different points of the show. There is the live audience:
- Understands most references
- Provide their own perspective
- Support certain perspectives There is a boarder audience (those who watch the show from home/online):
- Largely American
- Much of the show is directed to them (Stewart constantly looks at the camera, which then becomes the boarder audience There is a Egyptian Audience:
- Is considered an audience separately to as this episode concerns/is about their country and themselves
- This audience in particular is Mohamed Morsi John Stewart steps into a administrative role when commenting "Going to put you down for work in progress" after seeing Egypt's current state. This is a choice of language that gives Stewart power and responsibility. Making himself seem like someone who is in charge of Egypt shows the audience that Stewart's perspective is that who ever is currently in charge of This all influences the audience's attitude about Morsi. perspective is that who ever is currently in charge of
Egypt isn't doing a well enough job. Egypt isn't doing a well enough job. These images of Stewart and Youssef are deliberately paralleled for a reason - Stewart is trying to get the point across that Youssef and him are the same.
They are both comedians, both have their own tv show, they both make fun of president and they both use satire to convey their opinion. This use of medium of production allows the audience to make connections between Youssef and Stewart and influences how they feel about Youssef's arrest. HALF TIME Stewart Morsi Star player John Stewart has had no competition so far this game. But what happens when underdog rookie Mohamed Morsi takes to the field? John Stewart uses visual technique to change how the audience views Mohamed Morsi. Stewart's technique of parodying a CD cover makes Morsi less threatening and degrades him of his imposing power. Before Morsi has had chance to broadcast his opinion in this episode, Stewart has already depreciated him so that he is ridiculed as seen a bad guy. The meaning of Morsi superiority has been controlled by Stewart through the use of visual technique. Stewart presumes that in Egypt you aren't allowed to preach hatred of other religions, then asks what insulting religion would sound like. "Dear brothers, we must not forget to nurse our children and grandchildren on the hatred towards those Zionists and Jews." - Mohamed Morsi When "finding out" this comment is from Morsi himself, Stewart falls into a role of a naive fool. This role is comical, uses elements of sarcasm and is a textual form which allow Stewart to express his perspective of Morsi while explaining Morsi perspective on Zionists and Jews. Morsi prespective reflects back against Stewart's, as Stewart is Jewish. Therefore, we are given conflicting prespective from our players Stewart and Morsi about each other. Stewart uses Morsi comment on "nursing" your children on hate to lampoon Morsi. He plays on the idea of breast feeding is best way to ensure your child is nursed with hatred. He then combines Elder's Of Zion theory and a baby formula brand called Gerber to further riducle Morsi's perspective. This satire is a choice of language that gives meaning to both Morsi's and Stewart's perspectives. these
warmongers the descendants
of apes and pigs Morsi Morsi Morsi When will you learn that hatred of religions is against the rules? Stewart using the reference to 'apes and pigs' but changes the context of them, making them funny instead of offending. This reinforces that Stewart is Jewish as his comments on the reference to pigs saying "If your going to insult the jews you can't go with a Kosher animal? "
This choice of language from Morsi and recontextualisation by Stewart influence meaning and display both of their perspectives. Stewart reflects his own career where he made fun of former president George Bush's less than fluent English and his hat; to that of Youssef who does the same thing to Morsi. The intention of this is to show that Stewart and Youssef are very much alike and that it is therefore ridiculous to jail Youssef over offenses that Stewart has to taken part in as well. This textual form helps support Stewart's perspective that Youssef is a good person who shouldn't go to jail for these offenses. In this scene, Stewart uses medium of production to directly indented his speech to Morsi. Stewart firstly changes the direction of which he is speaking and the camera, making it obvious that his has switched audiences. His body language changes, and he seems closer and more approachable. Stewart takes on a personal appeal role and ignores the live audience, which emphasizes that his is talking only to Morsi. The boarder audience is not mentioned to, however is directed to physically as Stewart is looking clearly at the camera.
Stewart's choice of language is important has it has many elements to it. He uses self-deprecating language to make himself and Youssef on the same level and for both of them to seem less powerful and less of a threat to Morsi.
He also uses inclusive language in his perspective to show his affection for Youssef and make his speech more personal.
His language towards the end becomes slightly more formal and presidential, which is effective as it then addresses Stewart's perspective of Youssef arrest seriously.
These mediums of production and choices of language support Stewart's perspective against Morsi's. So it's full time,
who emerges victorious in a our game? Both players expressed their perspectives, and it seems like Stewart has triumphed this game but just how many more are played? Stewart choice of language isn't demanding but pleading. The choice of Youssef arrest lies in Morsi's hand and Stewart knows that. So he asks of Morsi to think about arresting Youssef and even uses his own words against him. Stewart sums up his perspective with a serious point from a funny example - quite the opposite of how he usually communicates. This change of language is crucial as it summaries Stewart's perspective.