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American Revolutionary War Timeline
Transcript of American Revolutionary War Timeline
Almost all French land in Canada was given to the British along with all of France's holdings east of the Mississippi except New Orleans, in the south.
Also received was the territory of Florida from Spain
France kept two islands south of Newfoundland -- St.-Pierre and Miquelon -- and the Caribbean islands of Martinique and Guadeloupe
Treaty of Paris (French and Indian War): 1763
Because of the fighting between the colonists and Native Americans and Pontiac's Rebellion, the colonists were not aloud to move west past the Appalachian Mountains.
The Proclamation Line of 1763
Taxed imported sugar and molasses in the British Islands in the Caribbean
Provided for the enforcement of smuggling laws in British courts
They were intended to raise money
Assured that shipments of lumber, iron and skins have to land in Britain first before shipped to German and Dutch ports.
Sugar Act: 1764
Ordered colonial legislatures to purchase specific goods for soldiers who lived in their borders
These items included: candles, windowpanes, mattress straw and small liquor ration.
Quartering Act: 1765
Newspapers, documents, playing cards and other items were taxed.
The colonists were angered by this because it applied to all colonists not just a few.
This resulted in the Stamp Act Congress which was the first attempt to unite against the Crown by the colonists.
Stamp Act: 1765
Only passed due to the repeal of the Stamp Act
Let Parliament rule over all colonies in all cases
The British intended for the Americans to not get exemption from any parliamentary statue, including a tax law but they didn't take it too seriously.
Declaratory Act: 1766
This Act taxed all imports on glass, paint, led, paper and tea.
It is an external tax to help England regulate it's overseas trade.
They were also created to raise money to pay colonial governors and free them from colonial assembly control.
Colonists disagreed with this Act and responded with letters of protest.
The most successful protest performed by the colonists was boycotting british goods which resulted in higher self sufficiency.
Townshend Act: 1767
Boston Massacre: March 5, 1770
Committees of Correspondence: 1772
Tea Act: 1773
Boston Tea Party: December 16, 1773
Coercive Acts/ Intolerable Acts: 1774
1st Continental Continental Congress: September 5, 1774
There were four Acts: Boston Port Bill, Massachusetts Government Act, Administration of Justice Act (Murder Act), and New Quartering Act.
Shut down all commercial shipping in the Boston Harbor in Massachusetts and payed all the taxes owed on the dumped tea.
Battle of Lexington and Concord- "shot heard 'round the world": April 19, 1775
Was called in response to the passage of the Coercive Acts
Stated that the colonists didn't have to obey any of the Coercive Acts
Congress voted to boycott all goods and stop exporting almost all of their goods to Britain.
2nd Continental Congress: May 10, 1775
Sent the Olive Branch Petition, a "loyal message" to King George
Made George Washington Commander of the Continental Army
Managed the colonial war effect and moved toward independence
Gathered together less than a month after the British troops and colonial militia had clashed at Lexington and Concord
Battle of Bunker Hill
Were the first military engagement of the American Revolutionary War.
The battles marked the outbreak of open armed conflict between Britain and North America.
Britain had 273 casualties and the colonists had 92.
Battle of Saratoga
Thomas Pain's Common Sense: January 10, 1776
Declaration of Independence: July 4, 1776
Battle of Yorktown: September 28- October 19, 1781
Treaty of Paris (American Revolution): 1783
Back to the Past
Parliament sent officials to maintain the riots against customs in Boston.
Five colonists were killed accidentally by British soldiers.
Created by the East India Company
Got rid of every import duty on tea that entered England
Allowed countries to trade without having having a advocate, or a middle man
All colonies protested but fifty men dressed up as Indians threw forty-five tons of tea overboard from the British ships.
They were dressed this way so Parliament thought the Native Americans performed the act instead of protestors.
Organized by Patriot leaders, these committees where shadow governments of the thirteen colonies.
By 1773, they came forward as shadow governments and overcame the colonial legislature and royal officials
First real battle of the American Revolution
Considered target practice for the Americans
The British won the Battle of Bunker Hill
1,200 of 2,400 British soldiers there had been killed or wounded.
Burgoyne surrendered his army.
This battle was considered the biggest American victory
Marked the turning point of the war when the French joined
Encouraged others to enlist
First appeared in Philadelphia.
Paine was an artisan with little education.
The pamphlet changed the minds of those who had favored a peaceful settlement of differences with the British government
.Most of the pamphlet was about the King of Great Britain and spoke of arguments for the colonies to find independence from Great Britain.
Increased the amount of support for the Revolution
Thomas Jefferson was influenced by the Enlightenment.
He divided the Declaration of Independence into four parts: preamble, declaration of rights, complaints against the king, and a resolution.
Written based on the ideas of Locke and Paine
Cornwallis retreated to Charleston to get supplies and then planned to march north to meet up with the British Navy in Yorktown
The French and Americans trapped him and his army in Yorktown.
Cornwallis now faced an army twice the size of his since the French had joined in on the American side.
The French fleet prevented him from being reinforced by sea.
Cornwallis surrendered to Washington.
Britain agreed to remove all of its troops from the new nation.
Under the terms of the treaty, Britain recognized the independent nation of the United States of America
The treaty also set new borders for the United States.
Officially ended the Revolutionary War