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The Psychoanalytic Approach
Transcript of The Psychoanalytic Approach
A significant step in the development of Freud's Theory.
The Psychoanalytic Approach
Contains the thoughts you are currently aware of.
FREUD DISCOVERS THE UNCONSCIOUS
He discovered that even without hypnosis, under the right circumstances patients would describe previously hidden material that is related to the cause and cure of hysterical symptoms.
Patient's memories usually concerned traumatic sexual experiences.
Usually occurred in early childhood.
Selfish part of you
concerned only with satisfying your personal desires
Satisfies ID impulses
Represents society's and in particular, the parent's values and standards.
Restrictions to what we can and we cannot do.
Vast majority of thoughts and the
most important from a psychoanalytic
The life or sexual instinct
Death or aggressive instinct
Deals with unwanted
thoughts and desires
"The cornerstone on which the whole structure of psychoanalysis rests"
An active effort of ego to push threatening material our of consciousness or to keep such material from ever reaching consciousness.
Ego channels threatening unconscious impulses into socially acceptable actions.
Drains the ability to function: the more we use sublimation, the more productive we become.
The only successful defense mechanism
Involves channeling our impulses to nonthreatening objects.
Many of our apparently irrational fears, or phobias, are merely
Refuse to accept that certain facts exists.
Insisting something is not true despite all evidences.
Hiding from a threatening unconscious idea or urge by acting in a manner opposite to our unconscious desires.
Considering something in a strictly intellectual, unemotional manner, we can bring previously difficult thoughts into consciousness without anxiety.
Freeing ourselves from the perception that we are the one who actually holds this thought.
Chief characteristic of each stage is the primary erogenous zone, and because each stage has a specific influence on a personality.
The tying up of psychic
First stage, which spans approximately the first 18 months of life, the moth, lips and tongue are the primary erogenous zones: source of pleasure
When children reaches the age of about 18 months.
Most important erogenous zone during this period.
Time when most of the children are toilet trained.
Approximately ages 3-6
Penis and Clitoris becomes the most important erogenous zone.
Key development to phallic stage comes toward the end of the period when the child experiences
Children this age develop a sexual attraction to opposite-sex parent.
Large body of retrievable information.