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Transcript of Genocide
Who has ever heard of this term?
What does it mean?
The origins of genocide:
The term "genocide" did not exist before 1944. It is a very specific term, referring to violent crimes committed against groups with the intent to destroy the existence of the group. Human rights, as laid out in the US Bill of Rights or the 1948 United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights, concern the rights of individuals.
In 1944, a Polish-Jewish lawyer named Raphael Lemkin (1900-1959) sought to describe Nazi policies of systematic murder, including the destruction of the European Jews. He formed the word "genocide" by combining geno-, from the Greek word for race or tribe, with -cide, from the Latin word for killing. In proposing this new term, Lemkin had in mind "a coordinated plan of different actions aiming at the destruction of essential foundations of the life of national groups, with the aim of annihilating the groups themselves." The next year, the International Military Tribunal held at Nuremberg, Germany, charged top Nazis with "crimes against humanity." The word “genocide” was included in the indictment, but as a descriptive, not legal, term.
How genocide became a crime
In 1948 the United Nations established
genocide as an international crime. Meaning that
this could be prosecuted by law.
They defined genocide as:
[G]enocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:
(a) Killing members of the group;
(b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
(c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;
(d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
(e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.
Genocides have taken place in:
You are to get into your research groups. One person from each group will come choose a genocide to research.
Once the incident is chosen, your group will do research on the topic. They should answer the questions below fully. The questions are:
* The country of the genocide
* The circumstances behind the genocide: how did it start? What people were being persecuted? Was it a religious cleansing? Ethnic?
* What was the number of the dead?
* Did they separate groups of people like they did in the Holocaust?
*Make one inference about your genocide based on the research you have done. Include it in your presentation.
Once you have answered these questions though research, you are to create a short presentation that displays all of this information to be presented to the group. The presentation should last between one and three minutes. Upload your assignment to Google Classroom once you are finished.