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Japan Population Policies

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Bryan Kang

on 3 December 2012

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Transcript of Japan Population Policies

Japan's Population Policies Japan's Decline in Population Growth What is Japan's population problem? High Death Rate
23% of the population is elderly (as of 2010)-one of the highest in the world
Fertility Rate: 1.57 (2011)
Japanese have “workaholic” habits that have led to a decline in fertility rate Japan's Population Policies “Angel Plan”

“New Angel Plan”

"Plus One Policy" Angel Plan Offers counseling to couples
Encourages fathers to help in childbearing New Angel Plan Incentives for each child:
$4,600 + $460 /year until 10
Improved fertility rate from 1.26 in 2005 to 1.37 in 2008 Future Predictions •Population will fall by 20% by 2050, and by in 2060
•40% of the population in 2060 will be the seniority (dependent population)
•Average number of rooms(not bedrooms) per apartment in Tokyo is 4.3 rooms. Our Policies Economic Benefits Expand employment and economic
opportunities for the young working class and working mothers

Reduce rent or mortgage for families with at least two children

Provide support for mothers who are a part of the workforce. Discourage Contraceptives Abortion should be discouraged among the population.

Increase the taxation on medical abortions and contraceptive use.

Promote births in urban settings and cities through the use of propaganda and advertisements. Family Incentives Provide day-care centers in urban and rural areas for toddlers and babies.

Allow working couples to have more flexible schedules and promote raising their family

Mothers who have left the workforce should be given incentives and opportunities so that they may return. Mean age of first marriage for Japanese women is 28.3 yrs old (2007) from 24.2 yrs old (1970)
Immigration is not welcome in Japan: 1.5% of workers are foreign; 3% in Tokyo Ideal Population Policy Equation Economic Benefits + Well Being of People = Ideal Population Policy Concerns Population will fall by 20% in 2050

Population of taxable citizens is falling rapidly

Social security and tax system will not be able to cope with the shift in population structure

Ballooning welfare costs Haub, Carl. "Japan's Demographic Future." Population Reference Bureau. US Government, May 2010. Web. 27 Nov. 2012. <http://www.prb.org/Articles/2010/japandemography.aspx>.
Bonnett, Alastair. "The Plus One Policy." New Statesman. New Statesman, 05 Mar. 2009. Web. 29 Nov. 2012. <http://www.newstatesman.com/asia/2009/03/japan-population-growth>.
"Aging of Japan." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 23 Nov. 2012. Web. 29 Nov. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aging_of_Japan>.
"Japan Eyes Demographic Time Bomb." BBC News. BBC, 19 Nov. 2007. Web. 29 Nov. 2012. <http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/7084749.stm>.
"Reversing the Population Decline." The Japan Times Online: News on Japan, Business News, Opinion, Sports, Entertainment and More. The Japan Times, 19 June 2012. Web. 29 Nov. 2012. <http://www.japantimes.co.jp/text/ed20120619a1.html>.
"Japan Population to Shrink by One-third by 2060." Fox News. FOX News Network, 30 Jan. 2012. Web. 29 Nov. 2012. <http://www.foxnews.com/world/2012/01/30/japan-population-to-shrink-by-one-third-by-2060/>.
Lah, Kyung. "Japan's Population Faces Dramatic Decline - CNN.com." CNN. Cable News Network, 30 Jan. 2012. Web. 29 Nov. 2012. <http://edition.cnn.com/2012/01/30/world/asia/japan-population-decline/index.html>.
Cohen, Ethan, and Steven Feddick. Negative Population Growth in Japan. 14 Apr. 2006. An Economic Crisis.
"Population Growth Rate by Country." Map. Population Growth Rate by Country. Index Mundi, 1 Jan. 2012. Web. 29 Nov. 2012. <http://www.indexmundi.com/map/?v=24>.
Peng, Lam Er. Declining Fertility Rates in Japan: An Aging Criss Ahead. Publication no. No. 433. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print.
Saoshiro, Shinichi. "Japan Population Growth Rate Slows to Record Low." Reuters. Thomson Reuters, 25 Feb. 2011. Web. 29 Nov. 2012. <http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/02/25/us-japan-population-idUSTRE71O1FK20110225>.
Tidmarsh, Celia. Focus on Japan. Milwaukee, WI: World Almanac Library, 2007. Print.
Sipillius, Alex, and Julian Ryall. "World Face Aging Population Time Bomb Says UN." The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group, 01 Oct. 2012. Web. 29 Nov. 2012. <http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/japan/9579950/World-faces-ageing-population-time-bomb-says-UN.html>. Bibliography How we plan to stop Japan's demographic "time-bomb" Plus One Policy Financial incentives to couples who have more children
Aims to create parent-friendly working conditions
Construction of 50,000 new day cares By: Bryan, Matthew, Umar, Rafa
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