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Japan Population Policies
Transcript of Japan Population Policies
23% of the population is elderly (as of 2010)-one of the highest in the world
Fertility Rate: 1.57 (2011)
Japanese have “workaholic” habits that have led to a decline in fertility rate Japan's Population Policies “Angel Plan”
“New Angel Plan”
"Plus One Policy" Angel Plan Offers counseling to couples
Encourages fathers to help in childbearing New Angel Plan Incentives for each child:
$4,600 + $460 /year until 10
Improved fertility rate from 1.26 in 2005 to 1.37 in 2008 Future Predictions •Population will fall by 20% by 2050, and by in 2060
•40% of the population in 2060 will be the seniority (dependent population)
•Average number of rooms(not bedrooms) per apartment in Tokyo is 4.3 rooms. Our Policies Economic Benefits Expand employment and economic
opportunities for the young working class and working mothers
Reduce rent or mortgage for families with at least two children
Provide support for mothers who are a part of the workforce. Discourage Contraceptives Abortion should be discouraged among the population.
Increase the taxation on medical abortions and contraceptive use.
Promote births in urban settings and cities through the use of propaganda and advertisements. Family Incentives Provide day-care centers in urban and rural areas for toddlers and babies.
Allow working couples to have more flexible schedules and promote raising their family
Mothers who have left the workforce should be given incentives and opportunities so that they may return. Mean age of first marriage for Japanese women is 28.3 yrs old (2007) from 24.2 yrs old (1970)
Immigration is not welcome in Japan: 1.5% of workers are foreign; 3% in Tokyo Ideal Population Policy Equation Economic Benefits + Well Being of People = Ideal Population Policy Concerns Population will fall by 20% in 2050
Population of taxable citizens is falling rapidly
Social security and tax system will not be able to cope with the shift in population structure
Ballooning welfare costs Haub, Carl. "Japan's Demographic Future." Population Reference Bureau. US Government, May 2010. Web. 27 Nov. 2012. <http://www.prb.org/Articles/2010/japandemography.aspx>.
Bonnett, Alastair. "The Plus One Policy." New Statesman. New Statesman, 05 Mar. 2009. Web. 29 Nov. 2012. <http://www.newstatesman.com/asia/2009/03/japan-population-growth>.
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Lah, Kyung. "Japan's Population Faces Dramatic Decline - CNN.com." CNN. Cable News Network, 30 Jan. 2012. Web. 29 Nov. 2012. <http://edition.cnn.com/2012/01/30/world/asia/japan-population-decline/index.html>.
Cohen, Ethan, and Steven Feddick. Negative Population Growth in Japan. 14 Apr. 2006. An Economic Crisis.
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Peng, Lam Er. Declining Fertility Rates in Japan: An Aging Criss Ahead. Publication no. No. 433. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print.
Saoshiro, Shinichi. "Japan Population Growth Rate Slows to Record Low." Reuters. Thomson Reuters, 25 Feb. 2011. Web. 29 Nov. 2012. <http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/02/25/us-japan-population-idUSTRE71O1FK20110225>.
Tidmarsh, Celia. Focus on Japan. Milwaukee, WI: World Almanac Library, 2007. Print.
Sipillius, Alex, and Julian Ryall. "World Face Aging Population Time Bomb Says UN." The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group, 01 Oct. 2012. Web. 29 Nov. 2012. <http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/japan/9579950/World-faces-ageing-population-time-bomb-says-UN.html>. Bibliography How we plan to stop Japan's demographic "time-bomb" Plus One Policy Financial incentives to couples who have more children
Aims to create parent-friendly working conditions
Construction of 50,000 new day cares By: Bryan, Matthew, Umar, Rafa