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Chapter 7: Rise of Europe
Transcript of Chapter 7: Rise of Europe
Rome collapses and is split into 2: _________ and _________
Invaders sweep across Western Europe
Trade and travel slows to a halt/towns empty
This time is known as the ________
Western Europe in Decline
500-1500 The Middle Ages
What does medieval mean?
Germanic tribes (Goths, Saxons, Franks, Vandals) conquer parts of Roman Empire
How is their culture different?
Muslims from Arabia emerge during this time
Christian kings become threatened
Muslims try to conquer France, battle erupts (Christians win)
Rise of the Germanic Tribes
Becomes King of the Franks and expands the empire
Spent most of reign fighting the Muslims
Pope Leo III proclaims Charlemagne “Emperor of Rome” What is the significance of this????
Spread Christianity throughout Western Europe
The Age of Charlemagne
Continued fighting with the Muslims
The _______ were expert sailors, who came from Scandinavia
Which countries make up Scandinavia now?
Sailed throughout the Mediterranean and caused mass destruction!
Invasion after Charlemagne's Death
Because Kings feared invasions by the Vikings, Muslims, and Magyars they looked for protection.
Need for protections created the political structure known as ________.
Kings divided land among lesser kings (vassals) in exchange for protection
King grants vassal fief (estate)
Fief included peasants who worked on the land (serfs)
Serfs = not slaves, but not free
Vassal agrees to provide King with 40 days of military service
Rival lords battle for power
Knights train at early age to fight
How do knights usually fight? (weapons, etc)
Engaged in practice battles called tournaments
What is Chivalry?
Knights and Nobles
Lords fortify their homes to protect from invasions
They had high walls, towers, moats (what’s a moat?), and drawbridges
Knights lived in castles
Castles and Defense
Manor = ?
Majority of society lived at the manor (serfs)
Peasants/Lord had mutual agreement
1. Peasant had to work all week
2. Had to ask Lord permission to marry
3. Repaired roads, bridges, etc.
4. Paid in food
"I'm a Serf"
Sleep with farm animals
What do you think life was like for a peasant?????
Took husbands duties when he was off fighting
Not very many rights
Most could not read or write
What was life like for women???
The Church spent most of the Middle Ages converting Western Europe to Christianity
The Church was more than just a church! (schools, helped the needy/sick, health)
Required all Christians to pay a tax (1/10 of your income)
Church taught that women were equal to men (is that how it was in the real world?)
Church tries to protect women by putting minimum age on marriage
Fined men for abusing women
Often punished women more than men
Church and Women
What is it???????
Benedictine Rule = monks/nuns took three vows
Day was divided into worship, work , and study, and labor.
Medieval Popes claimed authority over secular rulers (papal supremacy)
Pope had is own territory and army
People obeyed the church because they feared what might happen
Some church officials started living in luxury (what is so wrong with that?????)
Church Power Grows
New farming technologies made farming more productive
The new technologies include: iron plows, horses (faster than oxen)
More land by clearing forests, draining swamps, Etc
More food = more _______
Feudal war decline and trade and travel increase
Traders traveled in small army for protection
Products included gold, silk, spices
Revival of trade and travel
First medieval cities
When is the last time their were large cities in history?
In order to create a medieval town you had to get a _____ from the king/lord which set out t rights and privileges of the town.
Anyone who lived in the town for one year and one day was free
Growth of Towns
Pop. Grows = manors become crowded = Lord allows peasants to buy freedom
Traders formed partnerships and pooled money together for large scale ventures
Developed trading insurance
Money undermines serfdom
Social order changes
The middles class evolves….who would be part of the middle class????
Traders formed ______ (a group of traders who come together to protect their business.)
Hard work to become a guild member:
1. age 7 child would become an
(trainee) and would work for free
2. most end up working for guild masters as
Rise of the Middle Class