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Justine Dimasin

on 15 March 2014

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Transcript of INTRODUCTION


Feasibility of Using Talaba Shells and Styrofoam in Tile-Making

Tile-making is a great way of art nowadays because almost everyone is fond of using different kind of tiles especially in our homes. Unlike floor and walls tiles, design tiles are only used in doing arts and crafts. These are not suitable for floor or wall purposes. But usually, design tiles are made out of ceramics or glass, so we decided to make it with the use of talaba shells and Styrofoam.

Meanwhile, pollution is causing our environment to deplete. Many wastes are hard to dispose, just like the shells of talaba seen in seashores or wet markets, and the styrofoams in fast food chains or even in houses and school canteens. Both of these are non-biodegradable wastes that when not disposed properly, can cause to increase pollution of the land or the bodies of water. It takes months or even years to get rid of this so-called styro. While, Talaba shells takes days or weeks.

The feasibility of using talaba shells in tile-making? Tiles should be made hard and strong, which makes talaba shells very compatible with this project. These shells are known as fossils capable of producing a great amount of calcium carbonate (CaCo3) which is a good source of calcium oxide that would help a lot in making the tiles to be rigid and firm. And styrofoams can help in binding the substances of powdered oyster shells with the help of gasoline.

Design tiles would have a big help in building different infrastructures. But, just like what we stated earlier, some of these are expensive. That is why we decided to make a cheaper, affordable, useful, and an eco-friendly product. What we aim is to be able to come up to a product that helps decrease wastes in our environment at the same time, to be useful. We wanted to make useful objects out of useless things.

Image by Tom Mooring
The significance of our study about the feasibility of using talaba shells and styrofoam in tile-making is to know more information and gain knowledge about the use of different materials as an alternative component of tiles.

Tile-making is one of arts and industries that contributed a lot in our country and even in our daily lives. As students, we would like to do alternative design tiles that are affordable but a durable product out of recyclable and non-biodegradable materials we want to help in decreasing wastes in our country in our own little ways like recycling oyster shells and styrofoams to achieve a useful product out of useless material. All we did is to dissolve stryofoam with the help of gasoline, put a right amount of powdered talaba shells and then let it dry in an isolated area. The product that you will get should be hard and durable. Get the right ratio of the powdered shells and gasoline to come up to a flawless product. Remember to observe its compactness and brittleness, at the same time, its possibility to be burnt, and also the availability of materials at your place. We have prove that tile-making is possible with using recyclable materials.

The design tile from powdered oyster shells and styrofoam that we made has some faults and weaknesses. We used oyster shells since it is affordable, the market is near our houses and the availability of it in our place is fair. Meanwhile, styrofoams can be seen everywhere, like school canteens, houses and especially fastfood restaurants. Our product is intact and its materials are compressed together but some things should be improved. Its brittleness and durability should be enhanced. The tile’s width must be made thick enough for a design tile. The hardness of the tile must also be improved, and should not easily break. Smooth texture should be observed. The compactness of the tile is enough and perfect.
Feasibility of Using Talaba Shells and Styrofoam in Tile-Making
 Talaba shells
 Pounding steel
 Styrofoam
 Gasoline
 Molder

Our alternative product, which is a design tile out of talaba shells and styrofoam is not that successful but exhibits some qualities of a design tile. It has the enough thickness and with but is smaller in size and length than a regular tile. Our product is not that smooth and also not too rough, just fine. Like an actual design tile, the tile we made is hard, but somehow brittle. When it was bent, it broke into half and not into small pieces. It proves that, it is not that durable, but hard enough. When the broken piece was observed, it possesses an even and compact structure, which is another characteristic of a design tile. The materials used are evenly spread throughout. When the tile was observed as you look at it in sunlight, light does not pass through. This proves the compactness of the tile. The flammability of the product was also observed, and it is not prone to fire even if it was made with gasoline and styrofoams that are both flammable. The smell of the gasoline has also an effect on our health.
I. Preparation of the shells
a. Collect all the shells. Either from seashores, or from wet markets.
b. Wash all the shells with boiled water.
c. Isolate these and let it sun-dried.
d. After drying, the shells can easily be pounded with the use of pounding steel.

II. Making the mixture
a. Put just the right amount of gasoline in a container.
b. Dissolve the Styrofoam in the mixing bowl using the gasoline to have an outcome of a sticky mixture. Stir it.
c. After making it, pour a cup of the powdered oyster shells in the container and mix it with the sticky mixture of gasoline and Styrofoam until the shells are even throughout the mixture.

III. Putting it in the molder
a. Carefully put the outcome in a molder.
b. Spread the mixture equally.

IV. Drying the tiles
a. You can either put it in an oven or for instance, you can just settle it in an isolated area and let it dry.

After all the studies and experiments we made, we therefore conclude that tiles out of oyster shells and styrofoam can also be alternative design tiles if some flaws are improved. We aren’t able to achieve a perfect product but at least, we have made it right and according to our studies. Tile-making is attainable even if with the use of non-biodegradable and recyclable materials seen around us.
• Tile- A regularly-shaped slab of clay or other material, affixed to cover or decorate a surface, as in a roof-tile, glazed tile, stove tile, etc. (http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/tile)

• Oyster shells- the shell of a species of mollusks that live in marine habitats. These are a good source of calcium. (http://www.askdrmao.com/natural-health-dictionary/oyster-shell/)

• Styrofoam- a material made of polystyrene foam. Polystyrene foam comes from a liquid petrochemical called monomer styrene that can be put into multiple forms and is basically considered a type of plastic. (http://www.ask.com/question/what-is-styrofoam-made-of)

1. http://www.scribd.com/doc/14095444/29/Feasibility-of-Foam-Polystyrene-and-Powdered-Talaba-Shells-as-Tiles17 , Ceramic Tiles From Crassostrea Iredalei (Oyster) Shell, Allen A. Espinosa, 2006

2. Alternative Tiles Using Powdered Oyster Shells, Matthew Lubas, 2013

3. http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/tile

4. http://www.askdrmao.com/natural-health-dictionary/oyster-shell/

5. http://www.ask.com/question/what-is-styrofoam-made-of
Justine Marcella Dimasin
Isabele Junio
Patricia Serquina
Gwenfrew Eusebio
Kathleen Hernando
Crystal Lina
Chastney Olesco
Maria Alyssa Tan
Clarence Familara
Maron Halili
Aaron Sioson
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