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Poetry Analysis Project

"The Lamb" by William Blake and "Ulysses" by Alfred, Lord Tennyson

Jonathan Loufik

on 9 April 2013

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Transcript of Poetry Analysis Project

Poetry Analysis By Jonathan Loufik The Lamb Ulysses By: William Blake By: Alfred, Lord Tennyson Little Lamb who made thee

Dost thou know who made thee

Gave thee life & bid thee feed.

By the stream & o’er the mead;

Gave thee clothing of delight,

Softest clothing wooly bright;

Gave thee such a tender voice,

Making all the vales rejoice!

Little Lamb who made thee

Dost thou know who made thee Little Lamb I’ll tell thee,

Little Lamb I’ll tell thee!

He is called by thy name,

For he calls himself a Lamb:

He is meek & he is mild,

He became a little child:

I a child & thou a lamb,

We are called by his name.

Little Lamb God bless thee.

Little Lamb God bless thee. Born in London on Nov. 28, 1757
Engraver, artist, poet, and visionary
Pupil from age 10 at Henry Pars's school; apprenticed to engraver James Basire, London, 1772-79; studied at the Royal Academy schools while earning his living as illustrator and engraver
Author of exquisite lyrics in "Songs of Innocence (1789) and Songs of Experience" (1794) and profound and difficult “prophecies,” such as "Visions of the Daughters of Albion" (1793)
Among his best known lyrics today are "The Lamb," "The Tyger," "London," and the "Jerusalem" lyric from "Milton"
In 1782, he married Catherine Boucher
Blake is now regarded as the earliest, most original, and one of the greatest Romantic poets, but in his lifetime he was generally neglected or dismissed as mad.
Died in London on Aug. 12, 1827 William Blake's Bio The Author "Alfred Tennyson." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998. Biography In Context. Web. 22 Mar. 2013.

"Blake, William." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online Library Edition.Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2013. Web. 21 Mar. 2013.

ERDMAN, D. V. "Blake, William." New Catholic Encyclopedia. 2nd ed. Vol. 2. Detroit: Gale, 2003. 428-429. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 21 Mar. 2013.

"Poetry Analysis: Tennyson's "Ulysses"" Poetry Analysis: Tennyson's "Ulysses" N.p., 2012. Web. 22 Mar. 2013.

"Songs of Innocence and of Experience Summary and Analysis." Songs of Innocence and of Experience Study Guide : Summary and Analysis of "The Lamb" N.p., 2013. Web. 21 Mar. 2013.

"Stanza I Summary." Shmoop. N.p., 2013. Web. 21 Mar. 2013.

"Ulysses." Poetry for Students. Ed. Marie Rose Napierkowski and Mary Ruby. Vol. 2. Detroit: Gale, 1998. 277-293. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 22 Mar. 2013.

"William Blake." International Dictionary of Art and Artists. Gale, 1990. Biography In Context. Web. 21 Mar. 2013. Analysis Paraphrase / Interpretation The speaker, identifying himself as a child, asks a series of questions of a little lamb, and then answers the questions for the lamb. He asks if the lamb knows who made it, who provides it food to eat, or who gives it warm wool and a pleasant voice
The speaker then tells the lamb that the one who made it is also called “the Lamb” and is the creator of both the lamb and the speaker(the child). He goes on to explain that this Creator is meek and mild, and Himself became a little child. The speaker finishes by blessing the lamb in God’s name
Blake wrote the poem to explain why the lamb is alive and why it is the way it is. He also wrote it to help explain the relationship between the lamb, the child, and Jesus Christ Identify The topic is innocence
The main theme is the relation of innocence between the lamb, child, and Jesus Christ
The poem belongs to a collection called "Songs of Innocence," so innocence is undoubtedly the main theme Technique Repetition
There are multiple examples of repetition in the poem
The poem's theme of innocence can be seen through the child's repeating questions of the lamb's origins and the child's answers to those questions
For example... Technique Symbolism
The portraying of Jesus as a Lamb is in accordance with the Bible's use of symbolism of calling Jesus the Lamb of God
This helps forward the poem's theme of innocence
For example... Technique Allusion
The poem is also a great source of allusion to the Bible, specifically Jesus
It alludes to Jesus' being called the Lamb and being born on the earth as a child
Jesus was and is perfect, and so is innocent just like the lamb and child in this poem, which helps forward the theme of innocence Structure Each stanza of “The Lamb” has five couplets, typifying the AABB rhyme scheme common to Blake's Innocence poems. It is written in trochaic meter. This style was common for many hymns
The first two and last two lines of each stanza are repeated like the chorus or refrain of a song
By keeping the rhymes simple and close-knit, Blake conveys the tone of childlike wonder and the singsong voice of innocent boys and girls
The soft vowel sounds and repetition of the “l” sound may also convey the soft bleating of a lamb Thesis Who had a little lamb? Mary, that's who!
Blake uses various techniques in his poem "The Lamb" such as repetition, symbolism, allusion, and structure to forward his theme of the relation of innocence between the lamb, child, and Jesus Christ Works Cited Boss Lamb!!! It little profits that an idle king,

By this still hearth, among these barren crags,

Match’d with an aged wife, I mete and dole

Unequal laws unto a savage race,

That hoard, and sleep, and feed, and know not me.

I cannot rest from travel: I will drink

Life to the lees: All times I have enjoy’d

Greatly, have suffer’d greatly, both with those

That loved me, and alone, on shore, and when

Thro’ scudding drifts the rainy Hyades

Vext the dim sea: I am become a name;

For always roaming with a hungry heart

Much have I seen and known; cities of men

And manners, climates, councils, governments,

Myself not least, but honour’d of them all;

And drunk delight of battle with my peers,

Far on the ringing plains of windy Troy.

I am a part of all that I have met;

Yet all experience is an arch wherethro’

Gleams that untravell’d world whose margin fades

For ever and forever when I move.

How dull it is to pause, to make an end,

To rust unburnish’d, not to shine in use!

As tho’ to breathe were life! Life piled on life

Were all too little, and of one to me

Little remains: but every hour is saved

From that eternal silence, something more,

A bringer of new things; and vile it were

For some three suns to store and hoard myself,

And this gray spirit yearning in desire

To follow knowledge like a sinking star,

Beyond the utmost bound of human thought. This is my son, mine own Telemachus,

To whom I leave the sceptre and the isle,—

Well-loved of me, discerning to fulfil

This labour, by slow prudence to make mild

A rugged people, and thro’ soft degrees

Subdue them to the useful and the good.

Most blameless is he, centred in the sphere

Of common duties, decent not to fail

In offices of tenderness, and pay

Meet adoration to my household gods,

When I am gone. He works his work, I mine.

There lies the port; the vessel puffs her sail:

There gloom the dark, broad seas. My mariners,

Souls that have toil’d, and wrought, and thought with me—

That ever with a frolic welcome took

The thunder and the sunshine, and opposed

Free hearts, free foreheads—you and I are old;

Old age hath yet his honour and his toil;

Death closes all: but something ere the end,

Some work of noble note, may yet be done,

Not unbecoming men that strove with Gods.

The lights begin to twinkle from the rocks:

The long day wanes: the slow moon climbs: the deep

Moans round with many voices. Come, my friends,

’Tis not too late to seek a newer world.

Push off, and sitting well in order smite

The sounding furrows; for my purpose holds

To sail beyond the sunset, and the baths

Of all the western stars, until I die.

It may be that the gulfs will wash us down:

It may be we shall touch the Happy Isles,

And see the great Achilles, whom we knew.

Tho’ much is taken, much abides; and tho’

We are not now that strength which in old days

Moved earth and heaven, that which we are, we are;

One equal temper of heroic hearts,

Made weak by time and fate, but strong in will

To strive, to seek, to find, and not to yield. The Author Alfred, Lord Tennyson's Bio Born on August 6, 1809 in Somersby, Lincolnshire
One of twelve children
Enrolled at Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1827
In 1842, succumbed to a deep depression that required medical treatment after the death of his father and best friend and the result of an unsuccessful financial venture
In 1850, he married Emily Sellwood
Also in 1850, published "In Memoriam"
Between 1856 and 1876 wrote "The Idylls of the King"
In 1883 Tennyson accepted a peerage, the first poet to be so honored strictly on the basis of literary achievement
Was regarded by his contemporaries as the greatest poet of Victorian England.
A superb craftsman in verse, he wrote poetry that ranged from confident assertion to black despair.
Died in October 6, 1892 and was buried in the Poet’s Corner of Westminister Abbey. Analysis Paraphrase / Interpretation Identify Technique Technique Technique Structure Thesis "Ulysses" details Ulysses' (Odysseus in Greek) intense dissatisfaction and boredom on his island home of Ithaca. The poem is a monologue spoken by him, where he not only expresses his discontent, but also describes his desire to keep sailing. He's getting older and doesn't have a lot of time left, so he wants to get busy living rather than busy dying. The poem concludes with his resolution to "strive, to seek, to find, and not to yield."
"Ulysses" is a follow-up to "The Iliad," Homer's epic poem about the Trojan War, and "The Odyssey," Homer's epic poem about Ulysses'(Odysseus) journey home after the fall of Troy The topic is adventure/exploration
The main theme is that adventure makes life worth living
Ulysses is like that guy you once knew who was totally happy taking whatever he could fit in his backpack and setting off for Europe, or Africa, or any other sprawling land mass. On one of those trips he got lost, was presumed dead, but later made it back home; now he's on his way out the door again because he's not done looking for new places. Ulysses knows he might die, but the adventure, the process of exploring, satisfies him in ways that nothing else can
A minor theme is the dissatisfaction with life "Ulysses" is a poem written in blank verse
The poem is in the form of a dramatic monologue, which is a poem spoken by a single person to an audience. As far as meter goes, Tennyson was an expert, but in this poem he keeps things pretty simple, sticking with the standard meter of English, iambic pentameter (often interrupted by spondees, which is a foot consisting of two long, or stressed, syllables)
The poem is divided into four paragraph-like sections, each of which comprises a distinct thematic unit of the poem Allusion
This poem is centered on allusion to Greek mythology
Because the poem is spoken by a famous Greek hero it's no surprise that references to Greek mythology abound. Ulysses refers to the Trojan War and mentions several mythological landmarks in order to convey just how hungry he is for new adventures. More specifically, Ulysses' references to Greek mythology remind us of his heroic past while also giving us a sense of the very large scope of his future ambitions
Lines 16-17: Ulysses describes how he enjoyed fighting on the "plains" of Troy, an ancient city located in what is now Northwestern Turkey
Line 33: Ulysses introduces us to his son, Telémakhos, a figure who appears in Homer's Odyssey, an epic poem that describes Ulysses' (Odysseus') long journey home
Line 53: Ulysses refers to himself and his fellow mariners as men that "strove with Gods." During the Trojan War, the gods – Athena, Ares, Venus, etc. – frequently took part in battle
Lines 63-4: Ulysses suggests that if he and his friends die, they might visit the "Happy Isles," a sort of Elysium for heroes and others who lived virtuous lives. He implies that Achilles – the greatest of the Greek heroes who fought at Troy – resides there Imagery
There is a great deal of imagery in the poem that gives the reader a sense of where Ulysses has been, where he lives, and where he wants to go such as...
The rainy Hyades vext the dim sea, cities of men, windy Troy, three suns, sinking star, isle, there lies the port; the vessel puffs her sail, there gloom the dark broad seas, mariners, thunder and sunshine, rocks, the slow moon climbs, to sail beyond the sunset, the western stars, the gulfs will wash us down, the Happy Isles Symbolism
The sea has always been a symbol for freedom and adventure
Ulysses is ready to take to the sea again with his men to explore the world in search of one last adventure
Ulysses has done a lot of traveling; it took him ten years to get home from Troy, which means he's had an entire decade to visit a whole lot of places. Apparently, those ten years weren't enough because all he talks about is leaving home again. It seems that the only time he feels free and that sense of adventure is when he's on the sea Can one ever get enough adventure? Nope! Round Two!
Tennyson uses various techniques in his poem "Ulysses" such as symbolism, imagery, allusion, and structure to forward his theme that adventure makes life worth living Compare And Contrast "The Lamb" "Ulysses" Romantic Era Victorian Era Topic: Innocence Topic: Adventure Protagonist: Child Protagonist: Ulysses William Blake Alfred, Lord Tennyson Both Authors dealth with depression/"madness" Both poems are narrated by the protagonist Rhymed Unrhymed
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