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Jordan

By: Erika W. and Hannah P.
by

Erika Wesolek

on 16 April 2014

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Transcript of Jordan

History
What Now:
Government
Jordan
Notes:
Jordan
Statistics
(cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr
(cc) photo by Franco Folini on Flickr
(cc) photo by jimmyharris on Flickr
(cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr
Population: 6,508,271
Language: Arabic (official) and English
Religion: Islam (Sunni)- 92%, Christian (mainly Greek Orthodox)- 6% and other- 2%
GDP per Capita: $5,400
Unemployment: 12.5% (official) 30% (nonofficial)
Poverty:14.2%
HDI Value/Number: .681/52
1946
Oct. 2011
1994
1952
Before
After
Type of Government:
Monarch
Ruler/President:
King Hussein
Political Parties:
None- Banned in 1963
Government: Monarch
But, still fighting for a democracy
Ruler/President:
King Abdullah 11
Political Parties: Still banned
The Uprising
The uprising broke out in Jordan in late January of this year.
The main cause behind the outbreak was a demand for more political power, because King Abdullah II can appoint government leaders, dissolve parliament, and approve legislation.
Not having the right to political free speech is a complaint Jordanians have that is not only related to politics but is a social
The economic reasons include that there are rising prices and numerous unemployed youth within the country, which puts them in an almost economic crisis.
ROOTS OF UNREST:
MEDIA:
Role: the media plays in the Jordan uprising is to spread information about the protests that are occurring
Covered through the internet, satellite television, and private FM radio stations
Examples of sites that are involved and used widely are, YouTube and stations on FM radio and satellite television
KEY EVENTS:
A large group of people, led by the Islamic Action Front, gathered mainly in Amman, Jordan chanting “We want change.” The change they were focused on getting dealt with economic hardships and the government. This is because; it is illegal to solely criticize the King in Jordan. They demanded that the Prime Minister resign and showed their great detest for high fuel and food prices.
January 28:
The government and Prime Minister Samr Rifai were fired for the first time in response to public desire. The Prime Minister was replaced by Marouf al-Bakhit who was seen as an uncorrupt individual, something the people wanted.
February 1:
February 9:
The 27 new government officials are sworn into power
March 25:
Government loyalists attacked a reform vigil in Amman, killing one person and injuring at least 100. This was the first act of violence committed in the two months of protest.
April 7:
In protest, a man sets himself on fire outside of the Prime Minister’s office. Also, 80 people were charged for resisting police intervention during the March 25th incident.
June:
An announcement was made by King Abdullah that in the future officials would be elected not appointed. However, nothing has been done in regards to this statement.
October 17:
King Abdullah fired his government again, feeling that Marouf al-Bakhit wasn’t making political reforms fast enough. Also, al-Bakhit made a law that said it was an immoral crime to falsely accuse someone of corruption. Jordanians greatly disliked this law, feeling it trampled even more on their right of free speech. Episodes of lawlessness were also of concern. The new Prime Minister, Awn Khasawneh, has served on the International Court of Justice, as a legal adviser, and was a former chief of the royal court. All of these credentials make him seem like a fit leader for the people of Jordan during this turmoil.
INVOLVEMENT
SOURSES:


The U.S. is a great ally of Jordan, although the citizens of the country do not like this. Therefore, the United States would support the Jordan government in keeping their control, rather than the Jordanians and their want to change the whole dynamic of the country.
The government of the country really hasn’t had an opportunity to respond, because King Abdullah has fired his government twice. This means that even if the government had plans of taking action they were replaced before they could do so.
In regards to the international community, there are no major supporters of the Jordan uprising. However, there are places that do not approve of it, one being Palestine. This is because, a great portion of the population of Jordan is of Palestine descent, and they are the people who actually like the present government that exists in Jordan.
King Abdullah II has kept conrol of the situation by respondeding to the citizen's want for democray. But, no real step has been taken to become a democracy
King Abdullah II dismissed his govt. and appointed a new Prime Minister twice
Not effective because it can be done endless amount of times
Announced 125 million subsidies for basic goods and fuel and an increase in civil servent pay
This was a result of the January 28, 2011 protest
Unfortunately, there is still no right to vote or the democracy that they are still searching for but, they are relentless in their fight for freedom
http://www.bbc.co.uk/., 18 Oct. 2011. Web. 21 Oct. 2011.

"http://www.factmonster.com/ipka/.html." Fact Monster. © 2000–2007 Pearson Education, publishing as Fact Monster. 23 Oct. 2011.

“https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.htm”.
The World Factbook 2009. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence
Agency, 2009.21 Oct. 2011.
Jordan gains independance from Britin
July 7, 1951
King Abdullah I is assassinated
1963
Political Parties become banned
Hussein proclaimed King after his father is assinated
Peace treaty is signed with Isreal ending a 46 year war
1999
King Hussian dies and Abdullah II is crowned king
“Jordan.” [Online] Available<http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/international/countriesandterritories/jordan /index.html>, 17 October 2011; 22 October 2011.

McGill, Brian, Anna VanHollen, Kate Stonehill, and Hanna Rouse. “Unrest in North Africa and the Middle East: Jordan: In the Clear?,” [Online] Available<http://www.nationaljournal.com/unrest-in-north-africa-and-the-middle-east- 20110607>, 7 June 2011; 21 October 2011.

“The Path of Protest.” [Online] Available<http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/interactive/2011/mar/22/middle-east- protest-interactive-timeline>, 2011; 23 October 23 2011.
A Riot erupts in the southern town of Maan (worst riot in 3 years)
2002
Media isn’t very present in Jordan because it is under close watch by the state (they can’t say anything against their government without getting punished for it).
60 people are killed in suicide bombings at three international hotels in Amman. Al-Qaeda in Iraq claims responsibility.
Nov. 2005
Protests continue through the summer on a smaller scale demanding King Abdullah II replace the Prime Minister.
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