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Selection and Uses of Internet News and Implications for Col

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by

Zhao Zoe

on 27 February 2014

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Transcript of Selection and Uses of Internet News and Implications for Col

Selection and Uses of Internet News and Implications for Collective Action and Political Participation: The Contingent Roles of Social Identity and Efficacy
Theoretical Framework
Selective Exposure Theory + Uses and Gratifications Theory
Results
Background
Reality:
HK as a
social movement
city and a
transitional society

Research gap:
processes that link
psychological antecedents
of collective action to
Internet news use
and then to actual
participation
.
Critique
1. All media use variables include only one item.

Only intensity, no attention and motivation
2. There is only exposure but not selective exposure variable.

Selective exposure is about opinion reinforcement
3. Small sample size may result in more insignificant findings.

US sample size: 168, 215
4. Should have done a panel study to examine causal links.

Internet use leads to collective action
5. Is Occupy Movement really a good case for HK?

Low Occupy Movement ID (SD=1.51)
Conclusion and Discussion
Thesis by Michael Chan Presented by Zoe Zhao
Selective exposure
Social Identity
Social Identity
Gratification
Individual
efficacy
Collective efficacy
Intergroup participatory behaviors
H1
H2
H3
H4
H5
Hypotheses
RQ1: Is individual efficacy a unique dimension of political efficacy?

H1: There will be a positive relationship between Internet news use and intergroup participatory actions.

H2: Individual efficacy will accentuate the effects of Internet news use on intergroup participatory actions.

H3: Collective efficacy will accentuate the effects of Internet news use on intergroup participatory actions.

H4: Social identity will accentuate the effects of Internet news use on intergroup participatory actions.

H5: Social identity gratifications of Internet news use will accentuate the relationship between social identity and intergroup participatory actions.
H1
H4
H2
H3
H1
H5
H4
H2
H3
H1
H4
H2
H3
H1
H4
H5
H2
H3
In the opposite direction
H1
H4
H5
H2
H3
Even when other pertinent variables are statistically controlled, the use of the Internet was positively related to most intergroup participatory actions in both U.S. and Hong Kong samples.



Provide cross-cultural support for the potential mobilizing effect of the Internet news exposure and its impact on a variety of intergroup participatory actions.
Collective efficacy predicted all participatory behaviors in HK while individual efficacy was significant for all participatory behaviors in US.
Cross-cultural implications.

Lower external efficacy predict voting and protest intention behaviors in HK.
Practical implications.

Moderating role of efficacy:
Lower
individual

efficacy accentuates the relationship between Internet news usage and voting intention in HK.
Compensating effect
Collective efficacy accentuates the effects of Internet news use on participatory behaviors in both HK and US.
Media framing: Power of numbers
Moderating role of social identity

Increased party identification did not accentuate the relationship between Internet news and vote intention.
Non-election years/limited online political content

Occupy Movement identification accentuates the effects of Internet news use on intention to participate in both HK and US.
More media image of Occupy Movement
Full transcript