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Analysis of Major Themes in A Thousand Splendid Suns

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abdul al-nouman

on 5 September 2013

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Transcript of Analysis of Major Themes in A Thousand Splendid Suns

Analysis of Major Themes in
A Thousand Splendid Suns

Women's rights
Families Affected by War
Marriage vs. True Love
Women's Rights
Women couldn't even leave their houses by themselves, they must be accompanied by a man, if they went out without one they, “would be beaten and sent home." (Hosseini 248) 
Families Affected by War
In the book A Thousands Splendid Suns war was happening during the time in Afghanistan. Lots and lots of families were affected by the war. Just like what happened with Laila. She lost her brother, mother, and father because of the war.
Laila is Affected by War
She lost her mother and father by a missile hitting their house, “Then a giant roar. Behind her, a flash of white. The ground lurched beneath her feet. Something hot and powerful slammed into her from behind. It knocked her out of her sandals. Lifted her up. And now she was flying, twisting and rotating in the air, seeing sky, then earth, then sky, then earth. A big burning chunk of wood whipped by.
Laila is affected by War
Her brother died by going to war. That's what kept her and her parents in Afghanistan. Her mom did not want to leave Afghanistan until the war ended and feel like her son was finally in peace because his death would be revenged.
Kids are Affected by War
In Afghanistan many children lose their parents and have to survive on their own. Which makes some kids die of starvation or even heat strokes. Even some kids are taken from their families just to join militias to fight in the war. Some girls that lose their parents will sometimes marry at a young age just to get support of a home and food.
Marriage vs. True Love
This theme relates to the novel because usually marriage is arranged. So young girls are forced to marry a man much older than them.
Laila and Miriam
Both Mariam and Laila were forced to marry Rasheed. Miriam was forced by her stepmothers and Laila found it the only way to have a home and someone to look after Aziza. Laila hoped that their marriage would lead to love but it just leaded to abuse and oppression. Miriam got used to his treats after years of being with him, but she never loved him.
Laila with Rasheed and Tariq
Laila couldn’t be herself around Rasheed. All she did was follow orders and deal with forceful actions and complaints. As with Tariq, it is much different. Her and Tariq had actually known each other for quite a while and eventually fell in love. Around Tariq she felt much safer and herself. Sexual relations were much different also. Rasheed forced himself onto her claiming that it was natural in a marriage. Rasheed made it seem like it was natural for a guy to be allowed to force sexual relations in a marriage. The sexual relations between her and Tariq was based on love.

Oppression and Hope
Hope Examples
Miriam shows hope when she asks Mullah if she could attend school like other kids and she was not allowed to.
Miriam showed hope about going to live with Jalil with her brothers and sisters but that never happened.
When Miriam and Laila tried to escape form Rasheed, they showed hope of having a new and better future without Rasheed's violence and abuses but they were caught.
Everytime Miriam was pregnant, it gave her some sort of hope for a different future with her baby but she had miscarriages for every pregnancy.
Laila hoped of having a happy life with Tariq and be maried with someone she really loved but he left to war and she thought he had died.
Afghan citizens had hope that war would soon end but war just kept on going for years.
Laila had hope to leave Kabul and when they were about to a bomb hit her house and killed her parents.
Hope is shown throughout the novel many times. several characters often tried to retain hope while dealing with political problems and personal oppression. Miriam, Laila, and many Afghan citizens show a sense of hope through numerous events in the novel. But all hope was always crushed after their high expectations of changes in their lifes.
Oppresion is also shown throughout the story and mostly for Miriam, she suffered oppression from Nana, Jalil, her stepmothers, and Rasheed. But Laila and her daughter Aziza also suffered from oppression through Rasheed.
Oppression Examples
Miriam suffered oppression from Nana when she made her feel like she was just a worthless thing on Earth.
Miriam suffered oppression as Jalil kept her away from the public ecause he did not want anybody to know she was his daughter.
When her stepmothers planned and made her get married to Rasheed to get her out of Jalil's house.
Rasheed made her wear a burqa when she went out and she suffered his abuses and violence.
Laila was also lead to a loveless marriage with Rasheed.
Laila suffered oppression when Rasheed bit her so bad and kept her locked up in a room with Aziza.
Laila suffers from extreme oppression when Rasheed almost kills her, but Miriam intervened and stoped him.
Aziza suffered Rasheed's rejection because he love his boy Zalmai more.
Women's Rights
During the beginning of the book women in Afghanistan had simple rights. They could go to school, leave their houses and many more. But as the book progressed it was obvious that their rights were diminishing. When the Taliban came to power women could be beaten just for showing their ankles, laughing to loud, and wearing shoes that made noise when they walked. Their husbands were like their slave owners. They can do whatever they pleas to do with them and its perfectly legal.
“Rasheed spat at Mariam. He swung the belt, testing it against his own thigh. The buckle jingled loudly.” (Hossenin 309)
Women's Rights
When the Taliban came through most hospitals would not treat women, only men. The ones that do treat women were in poor condition and don’t even have clean water, and the doctors reuse the gloves due to low supplies.
"They had no clean water...no oxygen, no medications, no electricity" (Hosseini 255)
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