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Color Harmony

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Eric Wieringa

on 4 August 2014

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Transcript of Color Harmony

Color
Harmony
har·mo·ny
A pleasing combination of elements in a whole
(härm-n)
Monochromatic
Analogous
Primary
Secondary Triad
Tetrad
Compliments
Split Compliment
Warm
Cool
In this painting, Vincent Van Gogh used an analogous color scheme of yellow orange, yellow, yellow green and green.
Notice how the texture, repetitive shape and muted tones add to the organic feel of the subject.
While analogous colors are defined as "colors next to each other on the color wheel," Van Gogh manipulates the intensity of these colors to create a muted effect appropriate for the subject matter.

This painting, by Paul Cezanne, reveals the spacial characteristics of color.
Warm colors tend to advance and cool colors recede.
Cezanne conveys bulk and volume by modeling form with color. Rather than merely indicating an adjustment in value, warm colors make the apples come forward while cooler tones force the background recede.
(Ocvirk 200)Ocvirk, Otto. Art Fundamentals: Theory and Practice, 12th Edition. McGraw-Hill Learning Solutions, 01/2012. <vbk:0077669126#outline(7.6.6)>.
This painting exhibits a cool color harmony.
Claude Monet uses a dominance of cool colors, which does not mean there are no warm colors present, But rather, the cool tones predominate the overall image.
Because there are warm colors present in a cool color harmony, it is different than a monochromatic color harmony.
The harmonious quality of a color pattern frequently depends on the amount or proportion of color used, and in general, compositions in which one color or one kind of color predominates are more easily harmonized than color arrangements with equal amounts of different colors.
(Ocvirk 209)Ocvirk, Otto. Art Fundamentals: Theory and Practice, 12th Edition. McGraw-Hill Learning Solutions, 01/2012. <vbk:0077669126#outline(7.7.1.1)>.
A monochromatic color harmony uses variations of only one color.
Any color, along with white and black, can be used in this color scheme.
(Pros) Monochromatic color schemes are generally easy to manage and have an overall elegant visual appeal. Their lack of complexity make it ideal for evoking obvious mood and emotion in an image.
(Cons) It is an unbalanced harmony. lack of vibrancy and luminosity, can easily become cliche and may not hold the viewers interest.
Analogous colors are adjacent to each other on the color wheel. Usually one color predominates.
This color scheme is often found in nature and works well in designs that require a soft and pleasing effect.
(pros) An analogous harmony is easy to create, similar to monochromatic, but is more visually complex.
(Cons) Unbalanced harmony. It often lacks contrast and can be difficult to get vibrant colors. The harmony can easily be ruined by using to may hues.
Keep it simple
A primary triad uses only the primary colors (red, yellow, blue) in the color wheel. Any 3 colors found at equal distances from each other.
Primary colors are pure, and can not be mixed from other colors. This makes the primary color scheme very vibrant and intense.
It is a bold color harmony that draws attention, and is often used in graphics or logo design.
(Pros) Easily Balanced harmony. Using primary colors are great to use in flat tone graphics and produce a large range of contrast, which help it stand out.
(Cons) It can be difficult to manage this color scheme, and control how each of these colors relate to one another.
A complementary color harmony uses two colors that are opposite from each other on the color wheel.
The colors in this scheme intensify one another and it is utilized best when one color is dominant. It is a balanced harmony but colors can compete if saturation is equal.
(Pros) Good for defining light/form. Using complementary colors creates a wide range of contrast and is often very relateable to the viewer. It captures a great emotional response because complementary colors intensify one another.
(Cons) Just because all complements contrast one another in color, they do not necessarily contrast one another in value. Using complements requires a well thought out design to be effective.
Tetrad color schemes are the richest of all color harmonies because they use four equally spaced colors on the color wheel.
More colors means more range of expression, however, it can be hard to balance and unify.
(Pros) More color variety than any other harmony
(Cons) without subduing some colors this harmony can quickly become unmanageable and confusing. Requires the correct balance of warm/cool, light/dark and intensity.
A secondary triad color harmony uses secondary colors (orange, violet, green.)
Because colors can be mixed to get a secondary, they lack the purity of primaries. because of this, secondary triads can be utilized and balanced more easily.
This color harmony is very versatile and found in many natural settings.
(Pros) very usable for many situations
(Cons) colors can look gaudy if saturation is not controlled, and It tends to be less contrasting than other harmonies.
Balance is key
A split compliment uses a color and the color on each side of its compliment. It is a variation of its sister, the complimentary color harmony, but offers more depth and range in color.
(Pros) very expressive and is a great color scheme that utilized color temperature. All the advantage of complements and more stability
(Cons) Using certain colors can ruin the harmony or become less effective.
Warm color schemes use color on one half of the color wheel. They are called warn because they represent the colors of warm things in nature. Warm and cool harmonies are often thought of with in other color schemes.
(Pros) Easy to use and create an immediate psychological response.
(Cons) Lacks visual appeal with out an opposing cool color to create contrast.
Cool color schemes use color on one half of the color wheel. They are called cool because they represent the colors of cool things in nature.
Lets look at how artists have used these color harmonies...
This painting uses a monochromatic color scheme along with the design principle of proximity.
Notice how the harsh edges and cool tones create an icy feeling.
(Ocvirk 209)Ocvirk, Otto. Art Fundamentals: Theory and Practice, 12th Edition. McGraw-Hill Learning Solutions, 01/2012. <vbk:0077669126#outline(7.7.1.1)>.
This painting exhibits a split compliment color harmony.
(Ocvirk 209)Ocvirk, Otto. Art Fundamentals: Theory and Practice, 12th Edition. McGraw-Hill Learning Solutions, 01/2012. <vbk:0077669126#outline(7.7.1.1)>.
This painting by Andy Warhol depicts the use of compliments.
The color of the cow is actually pink, but because of the surrounding yellow, the pink is pushed to the violet.
The use of complementary color next to each other can alter and intensify the properties of its counterpart.
(Ocvirk 209)Ocvirk, Otto. Art Fundamentals: Theory and Practice, 12th Edition. McGraw-Hill Learning Solutions, 01/2012. <vbk:0077669126#outline(7.7.1.1)>.
POP QUIZ
What color harmony do all of these logos share?
What color scheme is this interior design?
Which movie poster uses complements, monochromatic and split complements?
What is this color harmony?
All of these outfits exhibit what color harmony?
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